生活常识

如何预防及驱除臭鼬

导读:臭鼬(Skunks)广泛分布在墨西哥以北、至加拿大南部,在整个全美都很常见。

提到臭鼬「Skunks」,首先想到的就是它释放出来的那股不可言喻的臭味。除了会释放含有硫化物的极臭气体外,臭鼬也是狂犬病和其他疾病的携带者。臭鼬广泛分布在墨西哥以北、至加拿大南部,在整个全美都很常见。

Skunks(图:Wikipedia

预防和驱除臭鼬的方法

清除可能吸引臭鼬的食物来源

  • 臭鼬和浣熊等动物都爱翻垃圾,所以户外的垃圾桶一定要密封好。有专门的垃圾桶锁扣、防止动物乱翻。
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  • 臭鼬是食腐动物。如果你家院里的树有坚果、浆果、山楂等果实,要经常打理这些树、清理掉下来的果子。
  • 清除院子里成堆的灌木、木头或其他杂物,因为它们对臭鼬来说是不错的藏身之处甚至是食物来源。
  • 不要在户外摆放喂食宠物用的碗。如果有喂鸟器要挂高一点。
  • 臭鼬也会吃昆虫和幼虫,院子里定期除虫也有助于预防臭鼬。

清除可能吸引臭鼬的藏身之地

  • 臭鼬喜欢在露台、门廊和其他隐蔽的地方安家。这些可能吸引臭鼬的空间要用石头、栅栏等封起来。
  • 成堆的木材或建筑材料也可能成为臭鼬的藏身之处,这些材料应该储存在棚子或密封的垃圾箱里。
  • 臭鼬还可能在茂密的灌木丛里栖息,因此灌木丛要及时修剪 。

安装户外感应灯

臭鼬喜欢夜间出行,会避开强光。在院子里安装感应灯有助于预防臭鼬。

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喷洒防臭鼬剂

  • 喷防臭鼬剂方便省事,但缺点是需要经常喷洒,尤其是雨季。
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  • 臭鼬不喜欢氨水(ammonia)的味道。把浸泡过氨水的旧破布放在露台或门廊下,可以阻止臭鼬接近。
  • 辣椒喷雾剂也可以预防和驱赶臭鼬。
  • 狐狸和狗的尿液也能帮助预防臭鼬,因为它们都是臭鼬的天敌。

抓捕臭鼬

如果以上方法都无效,可以自己抓捕臭鼬,需要诱饵和笼子。比较理想的诱饵是花生酱、罐头沙丁鱼、猫食或其他味道很重的食物。笼子 Amazon 上就有得卖。

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求助专业人士

求助你家附近的 animal control center,他们有经验也有专业的工具来抓臭鼬。

如何清除臭鼬散发的臭味

如果你或你的宠物不幸近距离中招,可以参考以下方法。

清除衣服上的臭味

将衣服在醋水中(比例为1份醋和4份水)浸泡几个小时,再用水冲洗干净。然后用洗涤剂和半杯小苏打在热水中清洗。建议放在户外晾干,不要使用烘干机(避免把烘干机搞臭)。

清除宠物身上的臭味

Amazon上有专门的出臭味宠物清洗液卖。你也可以按照以下配方自制宠物除臭清洗液:1夸脱3%含量双氧水 + 1/4 Cup 小苏打 + 1茶匙洗碗液。

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清除家里的臭味

臭鼬一般不会跟到室内来,但是人和宠物中招后,可能会把臭味带进家里。

  • 通风。把门窗、风扇都打开,以保证家里能够全面通风。
  • 把醋加热,放在房间各个角落。你可能不喜欢满屋醋味,但当醋味散去时、臭鼬的臭味也会随之而去。

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