生活常识

美国热门空气炸锅优缺点比较和推荐

要说这几年的网红小家电,非空气炸锅莫属。

空气炸锅原理

空气炸锅其实就是个小型的热风烤箱,但是它的热风循环比大型热风烤箱更好效率更高。它的「油炸」步骤是:

  • 机器内部的烘烤装置快速加热空气。
  • 大功率风扇在炸锅内部形成急速循环的热流。
  • 热流360度接触食材,烤熟的同时快速带走食材表面水份,形成金黄酥脆的表层,模拟油炸的外观和口感。

空气炸锅优势

少油或无油

传统油锅煎炸食品,食材浸泡在热油中,相当一部分油脂被吸收进食材。我们在品尝美食的同时,也吃进了额外的脂肪。过多的摄入脂肪,不仅会胖,还会胖还会造成很多健康问题。

空气炸锅在这一方面的优势最为明显,因为它可以不用油或用少量油,达到类似油炸的口感。特别是本身带油脂的食材,比如鸡翅、肉丸,靠自带的油脂已经足够;炸蔬菜则需要涂一点点油。空气炸锅事后少了清洗油锅的麻烦,也不必烦恼炸过的油该怎么处理。

省时

不管是用传统油锅,还是用大烤箱,都需要时间预热。油温不够高,或烤箱预热时间不足,都达不到预期的烹饪效果。大烤箱光是预热到350°F就需要至少10分钟,想象我们只想吃个烤鸡翅,白白就得多等十几分钟才能开始烤。空气炸锅不需要预热,直接放入食材,设定温度就能开烤。而且空气炸锅加热效率高,比大烤箱更快能将食物烤熟。

传统油锅在油温不够时就放入食材,食材表面无法快速形成酥脆表层,这会使油脂大量被吸收进食材内部。温度不够也会延长油炸时间,令食材吸收更多油脂。

多用途

普通油锅只能炸东西,空气炸锅除了炸,还能烤、做点心,因为它本来就是个小型热风烤箱。不过空气炸锅最擅长的还是:

  • 炸鸡翅
  • 炸薯条
  • 烤鸡腿
  • 炸猪排
  • 烤鱼
  • 烤蔬菜(不建议叶子类蔬菜,会变成菜干)
  • 现成的油炸食品复热

空气炸锅的缺点

占地方

美国家庭里基本上都会配备大烤箱,很多大烤箱也有热风功能。如何判断你家的烤箱有没有热风功能呢?如果你的烤箱名字带 Convection 字样,就是有热风功能。也可以观察烤箱内部有没有风扇,控制面板有没有 Convection 按钮。利用大烤箱的热风功能,能实现和空气炸锅类似的效果。如果再买一个空气炸锅,那就是重复的功能,还占地方。

噪音大

空气炸锅因为有大功率风扇,开起来那是轰轰轰地吵skr人。

容量不大

别看空气炸锅摆在台面上那么大一台,其实它内部放食材的篮子可真不大。一次只能炸少量食物,食物分量大的话得分批进行。即使它号称有5 qt, 6 qt 容量,实际上能使用的也只有底部那一块面积,继续堆叠食材,炸出来效果就稍欠少许。当然传统油锅,特别是家用版本,容量也不大。

无法炸裹面浆的食物

空气炸锅只能炸表面干爽和涂了少许油的食材,那种裹着湿面浆的食物无法用空气炸锅来炸,想吃天妇罗还是得开个油锅。

空气炸锅 vs 热风烤箱

空气炸锅和热风烤箱功能上有重复,但并不能100%替换。空气是通过高温热风在小空间内快速循环流动,加热食物并带走表面的水分,从而做出油炸的外观和口感。热风烤箱的热风则是一个辅助功能,帮助热量对流,加热食物主要还是靠发热管的热辐射。

空气炸锅 vs 传统油锅

如果你对美味要求很高,而对脂肪摄入没那么在意,传统油锅炸出来的食物口感还是要比空气炸锅好。空气炸锅往往会令食物表面过干。

空气炸锅值得入手吗

这要看家庭需求了,空气炸锅和电饭煲一样,功能要说简单也非常简单,肯花心思也能做出花样来。打个比方,电饭煲就像锦上添花的锦,而空气炸锅就像锦上添花的花。就我个人来说,空气炸锅比不上传统炸锅的口感,但是从健康角度出发,空气炸锅赢了九条街。

几款高评价的空气炸锅

飞利浦是空气炸锅鼻祖,我有几个朋友在刚推出空气炸锅时就买了飞利浦,说这么多年了还是很好用。

Philips TurboStar Technology Airfryer, Digital Interface, 1.8lb/2.75qt- HD9641/96
242 个好评
Philips TurboStar Technology Airfryer, Digital Interface, 1.8lb/2.75qt- HD9641/96
  • Unique TurboStar Technology for healthier cooking and frying.
  • The air fryer cooks fried food 50% more evenly
  • 5 presets for most popular dishes including a keep warm function.
Philips Starfish Technology Airfryer with Cookbook, Black - 1.8lb/2.75qt- HD9220/28
593 个好评
Philips Starfish Technology Airfryer with Cookbook, Black - 1.8lb/2.75qt- HD9220/28
  • Air is the new oil! Fry and cook healthier food in the air fryer with up to 75% less fat.
  • Fastest and most even cooking thanks to the unique and patented starfish design.
  • Cook more food in the large 28 oz frying basket. Voltage: 110V, power: 1425W

现在空气炸锅技术已经普及了,也有很多比飞利浦价格更亲民的品牌。

有折扣
COSORI Air Fryer(100 Recipes), 5.8 Quart, 1700 Watt Electric Hot Air Fryers Oven & Oilless Cooker for Roasting, LED Digital Touchscreen with 11 Presets, Nonstick Basket,2-Year Warranty,ETL/UL Listed
2,068 个好评
COSORI Air Fryer(100 Recipes), 5.8 Quart, 1700 Watt Electric Hot Air Fryers Oven & Oilless Cooker for Roasting, LED Digital Touchscreen with 11 Presets, Nonstick Basket,2-Year Warranty,ETL/UL Listed
  • Compared with a 4-quart round basket or even smaller one, COSORI air fryer's 5.8- Quart Square Nonstick Basket can fit a 5 lbs-6 lbs whole chicken, while small round basket can't. Buy this XL 5. 8-Quart size, serves your family with at least 3-5 people.
  • Perfect healthy gift for food-loving dads, mothers, family and friends. Slimmer footprint fit on your countertop and save your space. It has 85% less fat than traditional deep frying methods, but deliver the same deliciously crunchy taste of fried food with little to no oil.
  • 11 functions in 1-Steak, Poultry, Seafood, Shrimp, Bacon, Frozen Foods, French fries, Vegetables, Root Vegetables, Bread, Desserts, Preheat. Just tap and go! Selection at a touch rather than keep circling to make the choice. Super easy to use!
OMORC 6 quart Air Fryer, Air Fryers, 1800W Large Hot Air Fryers & Oilless Cooker of Presets, LED Touchscreen(for Wet Finger)/Roast/Bake/Keep Warm, Dishwasher Safe, Nonstick, 2-Year Warranty(ME122)
961 个好评
OMORC 6 quart Air Fryer, Air Fryers, 1800W Large Hot Air Fryers & Oilless Cooker of Presets, LED Touchscreen(for Wet Finger)/Roast/Bake/Keep Warm, Dishwasher Safe, Nonstick, 2-Year Warranty(ME122)
  • 【6 QUART FOR 2-8 PERSON】To expands the space, OMORC 6 QT Air Fryer Nonstick Basket has a square design. It can fit a 5 lbs-6 lbs whole chicken. Buy this 6-Quart size, serves at least 2-8 people, even a small party at your home.
  • 【HEALTHY GIFT & HEALTHY DIET】OMORC 6 Qt Air Fryer can make same deliciously crunchy taste of fried food, which can reduce oil by 85% compared to traditional frying methods. Suitable for fathers and grandparents who like fried food, but also for you who are losing weight in fitness. A perfect healthy gift for your lovers.
  • 【EASY TO CLEAN & DISHWASHER SAFE】Removable fryer basket use non-stick coating, easy to clean. PFOA-free & BPA-free. Basket Dimension: 9.1*9.4*4.5 in. Dishwasher Safe.

如果家里台面空间紧张,还有这款超级小巧、只比一加仑牛奶瓶高一点的空气炸锅,颜色还特可爱呢!不过这个尺寸只适合一两个人。三口之家5 qt以上比较足够。

有折扣
Dash Compact Air Fryer 1.2 L Electric Air Fryer Oven Cooker with Temperature Control, Non Stick Fry Basket, Recipe Guide + Auto Shut off Feature - Red
1,342 个好评
Dash Compact Air Fryer 1.2 L Electric Air Fryer Oven Cooker with Temperature Control, Non Stick Fry Basket, Recipe Guide + Auto Shut off Feature - Red
  • HEALTHIER FRIED FOOD: Dash Compact Air Fryer uses AirCrisp technology (instead of oil) to help reduce added fat by 70-80%, without sacrificing the flavor of your fried food (No more residual smell hours after you've eaten)
  • QUICK + EASY: Short on time? Simply load the 1.6 qt capacity fryer basket, set the temp, and set the timer. Your food comes out crispy, guaranteed, EVERY TIME. And in less time than it takes to pre-heat your oven, making it more energy efficient
  • SAFER: The auto-shut off function prevents overcooking, and the cool touch housing and handle makes it safer to use. It's so simple, even your kids can use it! (bonus, the nonstick fryer basket is dishwasher safe for even easier cleanup!)

还有身兼空气炸锅和普通烤箱多功能的智能台式烤箱,预算充足的话,我很推荐 Breville 哦。

Breville BOV900BSS Convection and Air Fry Smart Oven Air, Brushed Stainless Steel
881 个好评
Breville BOV900BSS Convection and Air Fry Smart Oven Air, Brushed Stainless Steel
  • SUPER CONVECTION TECHNOLOGY: 2 speed convection fan (Super & regular) offers greater cooking control. Super convection provides a greater volume of air to ensure fast and even heat distribution, perfect for air frying, dehydration and roasting
  • PRECISION COOKING & ELEMENT IQ: With Element IQ 6 Independent quartz heating elements move the power where it's needed most, above and below the food for perfect results
  • AIR FRY & DEHYDRATE PRESETS: Why buy a stand alone air fryer or dehydrater when the Smart Oven Air can air fry french fries and other family favorites and dehydrate a range of foods. Dehydrate up to 4 trays of goodness
有折扣
Cuisinart TOA-60 Convection Toaster Oven Air Fryer, One Size, Silver
1,568 个好评
Cuisinart TOA-60 Convection Toaster Oven Air Fryer, One Size, Silver
  • 1800-Watts with 7 Functions: Air Fry, Convection Bake, Convection Broil, Bake, Broil, Warm, Toast
  • 0.6 Cubic Foot Non-Stick Interior with Oven Light. Dimensions (L X W X H) : 15.50 x 16.00 x 14.00 inches
  • Capacity: Toast 6 slices of bread, Air Fry 3lbs of chicken wings, Bake a 12-inch pizza or Roast a 4 pound chicken

最后,我要介绍一个神奇的盖子:Mealthy CrispLid, 它能把任何品牌、6 qt/8 qt 不锈钢内胆的电高压锅变成一个空气炸锅,评价满不错的。虽然它的价格跟一个中低端空气炸锅差不多,不过只买一个盖子,比多买一台机器要省空间多啦!下面有 YouTube 上的评测视频。

Mealthy CrispLid for Pressure Cooker - Turns your Pressure Cooker into an Air Fryer - Air fry, Crisp or Broil fits 6 & 8 Quart. Comes with Basket, Trivet, Silicone Mat, and Tongs plus Free Recipe App
87 个好评
Mealthy CrispLid for Pressure Cooker - Turns your Pressure Cooker into an Air Fryer - Air fry, Crisp or Broil fits 6 & 8 Quart. Comes with Basket, Trivet, Silicone Mat, and Tongs plus Free Recipe App
  • TRANSFORM YOUR PRESSURE COOKER INTO AN AIR FRYER: air fry, broil, and crisp directly in the stainless steel pot of your electric pressure cooker.
  • FITS 6 & 8 QUART ELECTRIC PRESSURE COOKERS: unique lid design is compatible with 6 and 8 quart stainless steel inner pots for electric pressure cookers.
  • WE'VE THOUGHT OF EVERYTHING: raised trivet, fryer basket, stainless steel tongs, heat-resistant silicone mat, full color recipe booklet, and full color user guide included!
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