在美国钓鱼需持钓鱼证 & 2019 Free Fishing Days

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在美国想钓鱼,几乎所有州都要求持证上岗,除了夏威夷。有的州甚至还分为淡水钓鱼证和海水钓鱼证,没有买好钓鱼证就去钓,可是会被警察蜀黍罚哦。

钓鱼证种类和价格

一般来说,16岁以上者就需购买钓鱼证才能在公共水域钓鱼,在私人水域钓鱼则无需钓鱼证,加州沿海公共的栈桥上(Public pier)钓鱼不需要钓鱼证。有的州为16-20岁的青少年、65岁以上长者、军人给予特别折扣价。持有钓鱼证也不等于可以随便钓,钓鱼者只能用钓竿,不可用渔网或电网。若是该水域中有三文鱼、虹鳟鱼等种类的鱼,还可能需要额外购买虹鳟鱼执照。以我所在的 Kansas 为例,钓鱼证分为以下几种。

钓鱼证种类 价格
Resident $27.50
Nonresident $52.50
Resident Multi-Year Youth (16-20 yr old) $42.50
Resident Senior (65-74 yr old) $15.00
Three-pole Permit $8.50
Trout Permit $14.50
Paddlefish Permit $12.50
Youth (15 and younger) Paddlefish Permit $7.50
Handfishing Permit $27.50
Tournament Black Bass Pass $14.50

可见,最基本的钓鱼证要20多块,管一年。其他各州的钓鱼证价格可在 takemefishing.org 这个页面查看,拉到页面下方,选择你所在的州即可。或者搜索 fishing permit + 州。本州的钓鱼证只可在本州使用,去到外州需购买当地钓鱼证哦。但如果几个州共同分享一片水域,那么其中一个州的钓鱼证在其他州也有效。比如你有 Virginia 的海水钓鱼证,那么你也可在 Maryland 钓。

哪里可购买钓鱼证

Walmart、户外用品店(如 Dick's、Cabela's)、渔具店都可以购买,当地的 Dept of Wildlife 通常也提供网上购买。购买时需要出示 Photo ID,一般使用驾照即可。SSN 不是必须,毕竟不是所有人都有 SSN,如果店员非要你提供 SSN,可以换别家试试。购买后可询问清楚当地的法规,或向店员要一本指南,或搜索 fishing regulation + 州。记得确认钓鱼证的有效期,有的州是到当年的12月31日,不管你是几月份买;有的州则是自购买日起有效期365天。

2019年免费钓鱼日

每个州在一年中的某个日子都会提供一天或一个周末免费让公众钓鱼,无需钓鱼证。当地 Dept of Wildlife 甚至还会举办活动,免费提供钓竿等,是个家庭共欢乐的好机会。2019年的免费钓鱼日如下。

免费钓鱼日期
Alabama June 8, 2019
Arkansas June 7 noon - June 9, 2019 midnight
Arizona June 1, 2019
California July 6 & Aug 31, 2019
Colorado June 1-2, 2019
Connecticut June 16 & Aug 10, 2019
Washington DC June 1-9, 2019
Delaware June 1-2, 2019
Florida Apr 6-7 & June 8-9, 2019 (Freshwater)
June 1-2, Sep 7 & Nov 30, 2019 (Saltwater)
Georgia June 1, June 8, Sep 28, 2019
Hawaii 365 days a year! (Marine only)
Iowa June 7-9, 2019
Idaho June 8, 2019
Illinois June 15-16, 2019
Indiana Apr 20, May 18, & June 1-2, 2019
Kansas June 1-2, 2019
Kentucky June 1-2, 2019
Louisiana June 8-9, 2019
Maine June 1-2, 2019
Maryland June 1, June 8, and July 4, 2019
Massachusetts June 1-2, 2019 (Freshwater)
June 15-16, 2019 (Saltwater)
Michigan June 8-9, 2019
Minnesota Take a Mom Fishing Weekend: May 11-12, 2019
Take a Kid Fishing Weekend: June 7-9, 2019
Missouri June 8-9, 2019
Mississippi June 2-3 & July 4, 2019
Montana June 15-16, 2019
North Carolina July 4, 2019
North Dakota June 1-2 & Dec 28-29, 2019
Nebraska May 18, 2019 (Free park entry day too!)
New Hampshire June 1, 2019
New Jersey June 8 & Oct 19, 2019
New York June 29-30, Sep 28, & Nov 11, 2019
Nevada June 8 2019
Ohio May 4-5, 2019
Oklahoma June 1-2, 2019
Oregon June 1-2, Aug 17-18 & Nov 29-30, 2019
Pennsylvania May 26 & July 4, 2019
Rhode Island May 4-5, 2019 (Freshwater only)
South Carolina May 27 & July 4, 2019
South Dakota May 18-19, 2019
Tennessee June 8, 2019
Texas June 1, 2019
Utah June 8, 2019
Virginia June 7-9, 2019
Vermont June 8, 2019
Washington June 8-9, 2019
Wisconsin June 1-2, 2019
West Virginia June 8-9, 2019
Wyoming June 1, 2019

 

 

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