杰出人才即 「Alien of Extraordinary Ability「。根据美国移民法 INA Section 203(b)(1)：
第一、申请人在本领域有知名成就，得到本行业认可 (The alien has extraordinary ability in the sciences, arts, education, business, or athletics which has been demonstrated by sustained national or international acclaim and whose achievements have been recognized in the field through extensive documentation.)
第二、申请人计划将来在美国工作，会有利于美国 (The alien seeks to enter the United States to continue work in the area of extraordinary ability, and the alien’s entry into the United States will substantially benefit prospectively the United States.)
获得本专业领域的国家级奖或国际奖 Alien’s receipt of nationally or internationally recognized prizes or awards for excellence in the field of endeavor.
有专业论文（包括期刊和会议论文）或专著发表 Evidence of the alien’s authorship of scholarly articles in the field, in professional or major trade publications or other major media.
对本领域（包括科研，学术，艺术，体育，商业等等）有原创的重大贡献 Evidence of the alien’s original scientific, scholarly, artistic, athletic, or business related contributions of major significance in the field.
担任知名组织（包括公司）的重要职位 Evidence that the alien has performed in a leading or critical role for organizations or establishments that have a distinguished reputation.
来自有影响的媒体的报道 Published material about the alien in professional or major trade publications or other major media relating to the alien’s work in her field.
知名组织/协会 的会员资格 Documentation of the alien’s membership in associations in her field, which require outstanding achievements of their members, as judged by recognized national or international experts in their disciplines or fields.
作为本领域的专家/权威， 评判他人/实体 的工作 Evidence of the alien’s participation, either individually or on a panel, as a judge of the work of others in her field.
作品在艺术展，画展，电影展，或类似场合展出 Evidence of the display of the alien’s work in the field at artistic exhibitions or showcases.
高工资（与其他同业人士相比） Evidence that the alien has commanded a high salary or other significantly high remuneration for services, in relation to others in the field.
在表演艺术（戏剧，电影，音乐会等）领域，有商业成功（票房，唱片销售） commercial successes in the performing arts, as shown by box office receipts or record, cassette, compact disk, or video sales.
NIW 即 「National Interest Waiver「。根据美国移民法 INA Section 203(b)(2) 和判例 Matter of Dhanasar, 26 I&N Dec. 884 (AAO 2016)，NIW 绿卡的原理是：申请人在科学、艺术、专业领域、或者商业方面，对美国在教育、经济、以及文化等方面的国家利益有利；美国留下这个申请人并且豁免「雇主提供职位、雇主支持绿卡」的要求符合国家利益。
申请人具有硕士或更高学历，对美国的经济等方面将会有益 (Qualified immigrants who are members of the professions holding advanced degrees or their equivalent, will substantially benefit prospectively the national economy, cultural or educational interests, or welfare of the United States.)
也可以是本科学历加五年以上相关经验，或符合 Exceptional Ability 的要求，不需要雇主支持 (Deems it to be in the national interest, waive the requirements that an alien’s services in the sciences, arts, professions, or business be sought by an employer in the United States.)
其他证据：来自公司高层或者业内的推荐信，介绍本公司情况，提到申请人的能力、资质、成就、表现、经验，用具体事例加以支持。 (Letters from individual with personal knowledge of the significance of petitioner’s critical role can be particularly helpful in making this determination, as long as the letter contain detailed and probative information that specifically addresses how the alien’s role for the organization or establishment was leading or critical.)
需要包括题目、日期、作者，并提供英文翻译 (Such evidence shall include the title, date, and author of the material, and any necessary translation.)
媒体本身需要有一定的发行量和影响力。对于网络媒体，可以提供月平均流量、排名、第三方的评价 （Evidence of published material in professional or major trade publications or in other major media publications about the alien should establish that the circulation (on-line or in print) is high compared to other circulation statistics and show who the intended audience of the publication.）
报道需要是关于申请人和成就、工作、经验，而不是关于申请人的观点或公司 (The published material should be about the alien relating to her work in the field, not just about her employer or another organization that he or she is associated with.)
需要证明不仅是收到了担任评委/审查员的邀请，而且实际完成了评审工作 (Must show that the alien has not only been invited to judge the work of others, but also that the alien actually participated in the judging of the work of others in the field)