美国常见的香水品牌与挑选知识

《香水——一个谋杀犯的故事》剧照

美国的香水品牌很多,每个品牌下面又有很多选择。在开始介绍品牌前,先普及一些香水的基本知识 [123]

香水的浓度

香水是混合了香精油、酒精和固体剂的液体。香精油的比例越高,持续时间越长,瓶子上一般都会标注。

Parfum/Perfume

有时候也会标注为 Perfume extract 或 Pure perfume 。 Parfum 是香精浓度最高的香水,含量在 15% 到 40% 之间,其中大多数都在 20% 到 30% 之间。此类香水的持续时间最长,通常可达 6 到 8 个小时,其价格也往往最贵。

EDP 的浓度仅次于 parfum,在 15% 到 20% 之间,持续时间为 4~5 个小时。它是很常见的一类香水,非常适合日常使用,价格比 Parfum 略便宜。

「Eau de toilette」 这个词来自法语单词 「faire sa toilette」,意思是准备好了。 EDT 的香精浓度在 5% 到 15% 之间,香味一般会持续 2~3 个小时。这是最受欢迎的香水。

Eau de Cologne

古龙水浓度比上述几种香水低得多,通常只有 3% 到 8%,持续时间两小时左右。男性香水大多属于这个类别。

Eau Fraiche

Eau Fraiche 浓度更低,通常在 2% 到 4% 之间,持续时间最多两小时。其酒精含量也很低,主要配料是水。

香水的香型

香水并没有统一的香型划分标准,几种香型互相交叉调和使用也是很常见的事情。  比较常见的香型有以下几种:

Floral 花香型

花香型香水的气味一般比较甜美、浪漫。细分的话又可分成 3 种:呈现一种花香的单一花香,比如用玫瑰花、茉莉花、等制造而成的香 水;以多种花香调和而成的复合花香;以及花香加上乙醛调制成的乙醛花香调。

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Daisy Eau So Fresh Women Eau-de-toilette Spray by Marc Jacobs, 2.5 Ounce
  • Daisy Eau So Fresh by Marc Jacobs for Women
  • 2.5 oz Eau de Toilette Spray
  • Marc Jacobs

Citrus 柑橘型

柑橘型是指酸橙、柠檬、橘子等带有淡淡酸甜香味的香水。这种香味的香水通常给人一种自然清新、活泼自在的感觉。柑橘香调系的香水非常适合白天使用。比如早上起床后或是冲澡后,抹上柑橘型香水会全身舒畅。 

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Happy By Clinique For Women. Parfum Spray 1.7 Fl Oz
4,562 个好评
Happy By Clinique For Women. Parfum Spray 1.7 Fl Oz
  • For all skin types
  • Increase attraction
  • Long lasting fragrance
L'Occitane Crisp Citrus Verbena Eau de Toilette Spray, 3.3 Fl oz.
  • Perfumes the skin with the scent of verbena
  • Unisex fragrance
  • For use on all skin types

Woody 木香型

木香的香味是基于苔藓、树皮和新鲜的绿色松果的香味,让人想起秋雨过后森林中蜿蜒的小路,非常舒缓。很多人错误地认为木香型香水只适合男士,实际上很多品牌都有女士的木香型香水。

Derek Lam 10 Crosby 2AM Kiss Eau De Parfum, Fragrance Mist for Women, Woody & Amber Scent, Perfume Spray With Sweet Fig, Spicy Cinnamon, Warm Caramel Accords,...
1,316 个好评
Derek Lam 10 Crosby 2AM Kiss Eau De Parfum, Fragrance Mist for Women, Woody & Amber Scent, Perfume Spray With Sweet Fig, Spicy Cinnamon, Warm Caramel Accords,...
  • A ROMANTIC, IRRESISTIBLE FRAGRANCE. Soft and beautiful, 2AM Kiss is a rich, luxurious, and...
  • ENCHANT THE SENSES. The scent opens with warm, figgy fruit that gives way to a slight cinnamon...
  • A LONG-LASTING PERFUME. Our scent lingers rather than fades over time to provide longevity to this...
Sensuous by Estee Lauder for Women - 3.4 Ounce EDP Spray
  • This product is a genuine product by its original manufacturer.
  • Packaging for this product may vary from that shown in the image above.
  • Molten Woods, Amber warm notes

Oriental 东方型

东方香型和是否适合东方人完全没有啥关系,所谓东方香调是指使用东方树木或辛香料、龙涎香、麝香等动物性的气味香料调制的香水。  东方香型的香水比较浓郁,具有吸引力和诱惑力,非常适合出席晚宴或浪漫的约会。

Calvin Klein Obsession for Women Eau de Parfum, 3.4 Fl Oz
  • Passionate. Powerful. Sensual.
  • An intense and powerful oriental fragrance
  • Between love and madness lies obsession

Fruity 果香型

果香型香水的原料一般是苹果、桃子、浆果、芒果等多汁水果,其香味是清新、活力的感觉,是非常受欢迎的一类香水。由于它跟花香型香水都带有淡淡的甜味,很多品牌都会把它们组合在一起,制成花果香型的香水。

Donna Karan Dkny Be Delicious Fresh Blossom by Donna Karan for Women. Eau De Parfum Spray 3.4-Ounce
  • All our fragrances are 100% originals by their original designers.
  • Packaging for this product may vary from that shown in the image above
  • Dkny Delicious Fresh Blossom for Women Eau De Parfum Spray 3.4 Oz / 100 Ml by Donna Karan
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Donna Karan New York Dkny Be Delicious For Women, Eau De Parfum Spray, 1-Ounce Bottle
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  • Due to manufacturer packaging changes, product packaging may vary from image shown.

Green 绿香型

绿香型的香水散发着新鲜树叶和新割下的草的味道,气味温和,适合非常休闲的场合,男女都可以使用。

Tory Burch 'Julie Fleur Verte' Eau de Parfum Spray 3.4oz/100ml New In Box
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Un Jardin Sur Le Toit by Hermes Eau De Toilette Spray 1.7 oz for Women
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Oceanic 海洋香型

这是比较新的香型,散发着海洋的味道,干净、清淡。面试或是参加工作会议的时候,非常适合用这类香水。

香水的前调、中调和基调

  • 前调「Top notes」:就是香水一喷就能立即闻到的香味,一般持续几分钟。
  • 中调「Middle notes」:前调消失之后散发出的香味,也是香水的精华所在,根据浓度可持续几小时不等。
  • 基调「Base notes」:香味最持久、发挥最慢的部分,兼具整合香味的功能,可持续一整天时间。

常见的香水品牌

专业香水品牌

常见的如 Jo Malone「祖·玛珑」,这是源自英国的香水品牌,后来被雅诗兰黛集团收购。除了香水外,它家的蜡烛,香薰、沐浴液等等也非常受欢迎。我个人非常喜欢 Jo Malone 的香水,觉得它的味道总的来说都比较清新自然。它还有一个特别之处,几乎所有的香水都是以原料的名称来命名的。 Jo Malone 在全美不少商场里都开了门店,同时也进驻了 Sephora「丝芙兰」以及 Saks Fitfh Avenue 等中高端百货商场。

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Jo Malone Wood Sage & Sea Salt Cologne Spray for Women, 1 Ounce
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Jo Malone Nectarine Blossom and Honey-Cologne, 1 Ounce
  • Jo Malone Nectarine Blossom & Honey Cologne
  • 1.0 oz Cologne Spray
  • Jo Malone
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Jo Malone Peony & Blush Suede Cologne Spray Perfume - (0.3 oz / 9ml) - Mini /
  • Jo Malone Peony and Blush Suede Cologne - (MINI / TRAVEL SPRAY)
  • Size: (0.3 fl. oz.) / 9 ml.
  • Condition: Brand New / UNBOXED

除了 Jo Malone 外,Diptyque, CREED 以及 Byredo 也是非常好的专业香水品牌。但它们门店很少,或只有高端百货商场才卖,我就不仔细介绍了。

美容护肤品牌香水

很多护肤品牌都有推出自己的香水,比如在美国常见的 Clinique「倩碧」、 Estee Lauder 「雅诗兰黛」、 Lancôme「兰蔻」、 Elizabeth Arden「伊丽莎白雅顿」、 Origins「悦木之源」、 Shiseido「资生堂」、 L’Occitane「欧舒丹」等等。

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Happy By Clinique For Women. Parfum Spray 1.7 Fl Oz
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Happy By Clinique For Women. Parfum Spray 1.7 Fl Oz
  • For all skin types
  • Increase attraction
  • Long lasting fragrance
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ESTEE LAUDER Modern Muse Eau de Parfum Spray for Women, 3.4 Ounce
  • Mandarin Orange
  • Tuberose, Fresh Lily, Honeysuckle, Dewy Petals, Sambac Jasmine And Chinese Sambac Jasmine Absolute
  • Patchouli, Madagascar Vanilla, Amber Wood And Soft Musk
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Lancôme La Vie Est Belle L'Eau de Parfum Spray, 3.4 FL OZ
  • All our fragrances are 100% originals by their original designers.
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  • Packaging for this product may vary from that shown in the image above.
Red Door by Elizabeth Arden, Women's Perfume, Eau de Parfum Spray 1.7 Fl Oz
  • Packaging for this product may vary from that shown in the image above
  • This item is not for sale in Catalina Island
  • This item is not for sale in Catalina Island

服饰品牌香水

很多美国常见的服饰品牌都推出了自己的香水,并且都还颇受欢迎。比如:学生最爱的 Abercrombie & FitchHolister;奥特莱斯常驻品牌三巨头 Ralph Lauren, Tommy HilfigerCalvin Klein 以及适合上班族的 Hugo Boss;稍微高端一点的国民品牌 CoachMichael Kors 等。

Hollister Socal Cologne Spray for Men, 1.7 Fluid Ounce
  • This fragrance is 100% original.
  • Hollister SoCal is recommended for daytime or casual use
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Polo Blue by Ralph Lauren Eau De Toilette Spray 4.2 oz
  • EDT SPRAY 4.2 OZ
  • Launched by Ralph Lauren in 2002
  • It is recommended for evening wear
5% off
Tommy by Tommy Hilfiger for Men Eau de Cologne Spray, 3.4 Oz
  • Tommy for Men by Tommy Hilfiger
  • 3.3 oz EDT Spray
  • Packaging for this product may vary from that shown in the image
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Calvin Klein Ck One Eau De Toilette, 6.7 Fl. Oz.
  • The iconic citrus scent
  • For him and her

奢侈品牌香水

HermèsPradaDiorYSLGucciChanelD&GCholeBuberry 等奢侈品推出的香水也很常见。 Chanel 、 Gucci 、 Prada 等品牌的香水在 Macy’s「梅西百货」或 Sephora「丝芙兰」就能买到,但如果真喜欢此类香水的话建议去 Saks Fitfh Avenue 或者 Neiman Marcus 这些中高档商场的美妆护肤部逛逛。

Chanel No. 5 Body Lotion 6.8 ounces, 200 milliliters Perfumed Luxury Body
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Christian Dior Miss Blooming Bouquet Eau de Toilette Spray for Women, 1.7 Ounce
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Prada Candy by Prada for Women 2.7 oz Eau de Parfum Spray
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Gucci Bamboo by Gucci for Women 2.5 oz Eau de Parfum Spray
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  • Type: Eau De Parfum
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Chloe New By Chloe For Women Eau De Parfum Spray 1.7 Oz
  • This product is made of high quality material
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  • This Product Is Manufactured In France

美国的香水实在是太多了,一篇文章不可能介绍完。如果你想一次性集中感受多个品牌的香水,像 Sephora「丝芙兰」这样专业卖美妆护肤香水的店或是 Macy’s「梅西百货」这样设有专门护肤香水产品区的百货商场会比较适合你。

美国在哪里买护肤品和化妆品最划算?》《美国常见的护肤品和化妆品介绍

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