美国常见的香水品牌与挑选知识

《香水——一个谋杀犯的故事》剧照

美国的香水品牌很多,每个品牌下面又有很多选择。在开始介绍品牌前,先普及一些香水的基本知识 [123]

香水的浓度

香水是混合了香精油、酒精和固体剂的液体。香精油的比例越高,持续时间越长,瓶子上一般都会标注。

Parfum/Perfume

有时候也会标注为 Perfume extract 或 Pure perfume 。 Parfum 是香精浓度最高的香水,含量在 15% 到 40% 之间,其中大多数都在 20% 到 30% 之间。此类香水的持续时间最长,通常可达 6 到 8 个小时,其价格也往往最贵。

EDP 的浓度仅次于 parfum,在 15% 到 20% 之间,持续时间为 4~5 个小时。它是很常见的一类香水,非常适合日常使用,价格比 Parfum 略便宜。

「Eau de toilette」 这个词来自法语单词 「faire sa toilette」,意思是准备好了。 EDT 的香精浓度在 5% 到 15% 之间,香味一般会持续 2~3 个小时。这是最受欢迎的香水。

Eau de Cologne

古龙水浓度比上述几种香水低得多,通常只有 3% 到 8%,持续时间两小时左右。男性香水大多属于这个类别。

Eau Fraiche

Eau Fraiche 浓度更低,通常在 2% 到 4% 之间,持续时间最多两小时。其酒精含量也很低,主要配料是水。

香水的香型

香水并没有统一的香型划分标准,几种香型互相交叉调和使用也是很常见的事情。  比较常见的香型有以下几种:

Floral 花香型

花香型香水的气味一般比较甜美、浪漫。细分的话又可分成 3 种:呈现一种花香的单一花香,比如用玫瑰花、茉莉花、等制造而成的香 水;以多种花香调和而成的复合花香;以及花香加上乙醛调制成的乙醛花香调。

Prada Candy Florale for Women 2.7 oz Eau de Toilette Spray
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Prada Candy Florale for Women 2.7 oz Eau de Toilette Spray
  • Item Condition: 100% authentic, new and unused. Prada Candy Florale for Women 2.7 oz Eau de Toilette...
  • Prada Candy Florale by Prada for Women 2.7 oz EDT Spray: Buy Prada Perfumes - Prada Candy Florale...
  • Type: Eau De Toilette
5% off
Daisy Eau So Fresh Women Eau-de-toilette Spray by Marc Jacobs, 2.5 Ounce
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Daisy Eau So Fresh Women Eau-de-toilette Spray by Marc Jacobs, 2.5 Ounce
  • Daisy Eau So Fresh by Marc Jacobs for Women
  • 2.5 oz Eau de Toilette Spray
  • Marc Jacobs

Citrus 柑橘型

柑橘型是指酸橙、柠檬、橘子等带有淡淡酸甜香味的香水。这种香味的香水通常给人一种自然清新、活泼自在的感觉。柑橘香调系的香水非常适合白天使用。比如早上起床后或是冲澡后,抹上柑橘型香水会全身舒畅。 

23% off
Happy By Clinique For Women. Parfum Spray 1.7 Fl Oz
4,757 个好评
Happy By Clinique For Women. Parfum Spray 1.7 Fl Oz
  • For all skin types
  • Increase attraction
  • Long lasting fragrance
L'Occitane Crisp Citrus Verbena Eau de Toilette Spray, 3.3 Fl oz.
779 个好评
L'Occitane Crisp Citrus Verbena Eau de Toilette Spray, 3.3 Fl oz.
  • Perfumes the skin with the scent of verbena
  • Unisex fragrance
  • For use on all skin types

Woody 木香型

木香的香味是基于苔藓、树皮和新鲜的绿色松果的香味,让人想起秋雨过后森林中蜿蜒的小路,非常舒缓。很多人错误地认为木香型香水只适合男士,实际上很多品牌都有女士的木香型香水。

Derek Lam 10 Crosby 2AM Kiss Eau De Parfum, Fragrance Mist for Women, Woody & Amber Scent, Perfume Spray With Sweet Fig, Spicy Cinnamon, Warm Caramel Accords,...
1,430 个好评
Derek Lam 10 Crosby 2AM Kiss Eau De Parfum, Fragrance Mist for Women, Woody & Amber Scent, Perfume Spray With Sweet Fig, Spicy Cinnamon, Warm Caramel Accords,...
  • A ROMANTIC, IRRESISTIBLE FRAGRANCE. Soft and beautiful, 2AM Kiss is a rich, luxurious, and...
  • ENCHANT THE SENSES. The scent opens with warm, figgy fruit that gives way to a slight cinnamon...
  • A LONG-LASTING PERFUME. Our scent lingers rather than fades over time to provide longevity to this...
Sensuous by Estee Lauder for Women - 3.4 Ounce EDP Spray
  • This product is a genuine product by its original manufacturer.
  • Packaging for this product may vary from that shown in the image above.
  • Molten Woods, Amber warm notes

Oriental 东方型

东方香型和是否适合东方人完全没有啥关系,所谓东方香调是指使用东方树木或辛香料、龙涎香、麝香等动物性的气味香料调制的香水。  东方香型的香水比较浓郁,具有吸引力和诱惑力,非常适合出席晚宴或浪漫的约会。

Calvin Klein Obsession for Women Eau de Parfum, 3.4 Fl Oz
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Calvin Klein Obsession for Women Eau de Parfum, 3.4 Fl Oz
  • Passionate. Powerful. Sensual.
  • An intense and powerful oriental fragrance
  • Between love and madness lies obsession
9% off
CHANEL Egoiste Platinum EDT Spray 3.4 Oz
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Fruity 果香型

果香型香水的原料一般是苹果、桃子、浆果、芒果等多汁水果,其香味是清新、活力的感觉,是非常受欢迎的一类香水。由于它跟花香型香水都带有淡淡的甜味,很多品牌都会把它们组合在一起,制成花果香型的香水。

Donna Karan Dkny Be Delicious Fresh Blossom by Donna Karan for Women. Eau De Parfum Spray 3.4-Ounce
  • All our fragrances are 100% originals by their original designers.
  • Packaging for this product may vary from that shown in the image above
  • Dkny Delicious Fresh Blossom for Women Eau De Parfum Spray 3.4 Oz / 100 Ml by Donna Karan
Donna Karan New York Dkny Be Delicious For Women, Eau De Parfum Spray, 1-Ounce Bottle
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Donna Karan New York Dkny Be Delicious For Women, Eau De Parfum Spray, 1-Ounce Bottle
  • All our fragrances are 100% originals by their original designers.
  • This item is by designer Donna Karan.
  • Due to manufacturer packaging changes, product packaging may vary from image shown.

Green 绿香型

绿香型的香水散发着新鲜树叶和新割下的草的味道,气味温和,适合非常休闲的场合,男女都可以使用。

Tory Burch 'Julie Fleur Verte' Eau de Parfum Spray 3.4oz/100ml New In Box
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Tory Burch 'Julie Fleur Verte' Eau de Parfum Spray 3.4oz/100ml New In Box
  • Launched by the design house of Tory Burch in the year 2015
  • This floral green fragrance has a blend of mandarin orange, enroll, jasmine, lily-of-the-valley,...
  • It is recommended for office wear

Oceanic 海洋香型

这是比较新的香型,散发着海洋的味道,干净、清淡。面试或是参加工作会议的时候,非常适合用这类香水。

香水的前调、中调和基调

  • 前调「Top notes」:就是香水一喷就能立即闻到的香味,一般持续几分钟。
  • 中调「Middle notes」:前调消失之后散发出的香味,也是香水的精华所在,根据浓度可持续几小时不等。
  • 基调「Base notes」:香味最持久、发挥最慢的部分,兼具整合香味的功能,可持续一整天时间。

常见的香水品牌

专业香水品牌

常见的如 Jo Malone「祖·玛珑」,这是源自英国的香水品牌,后来被雅诗兰黛集团收购。除了香水外,它家的蜡烛,香薰、沐浴液等等也非常受欢迎。我个人非常喜欢 Jo Malone 的香水,觉得它的味道总的来说都比较清新自然。它还有一个特别之处,几乎所有的香水都是以原料的名称来命名的。 Jo Malone 在全美不少商场里都开了门店,同时也进驻了 Sephora「丝芙兰」以及 Saks Fitfh Avenue 等中高端百货商场。

除了 Jo Malone 外,Diptyque, CREED 以及 Byredo 也是非常好的专业香水品牌。但它们门店很少,或只有高端百货商场才卖,我就不仔细介绍了。

美容护肤品牌香水

很多护肤品牌都有推出自己的香水,比如在美国常见的 Clinique「倩碧」、 Estee Lauder 「雅诗兰黛」、 Lancôme「兰蔻」、 Elizabeth Arden「伊丽莎白雅顿」、 Origins「悦木之源」、 Shiseido「资生堂」、 L’Occitane「欧舒丹」等等。

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Happy By Clinique For Women. Parfum Spray 1.7 Fl Oz
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Happy By Clinique For Women. Parfum Spray 1.7 Fl Oz
  • For all skin types
  • Increase attraction
  • Long lasting fragrance
23% off
ESTEE LAUDER Modern Muse Eau de Parfum Spray for Women, 3.4 Ounce
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ESTEE LAUDER Modern Muse Eau de Parfum Spray for Women, 3.4 Ounce
  • Mandarin Orange
  • Tuberose, Fresh Lily, Honeysuckle, Dewy Petals, Sambac Jasmine And Chinese Sambac Jasmine Absolute
  • Patchouli, Madagascar Vanilla, Amber Wood And Soft Musk
37% off
Lancôme La Vie Est Belle L'Eau de Parfum Spray, 3.4 FL OZ
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Lancôme La Vie Est Belle L'Eau de Parfum Spray, 3.4 FL OZ
  • All our fragrances are 100% originals by their original designers.
  • We do not sell any knockoffs or immitations.
  • Packaging for this product may vary from that shown in the image above.
Red Door by Elizabeth Arden, Women's Perfume, Eau de Parfum Spray 1.7 Fl Oz (Pack of 1)
9,615 个好评
Red Door by Elizabeth Arden, Women's Perfume, Eau de Parfum Spray 1.7 Fl Oz (Pack of 1)
  • Packaging for this product may vary from that shown in the image above
  • This item is not for sale in Catalina Island
  • This item is not for sale in Catalina Island

服饰品牌香水

很多美国常见的服饰品牌都推出了自己的香水,并且都还颇受欢迎。比如:学生最爱的 Abercrombie & FitchHolister;奥特莱斯常驻品牌三巨头 Ralph Lauren, Tommy HilfigerCalvin Klein 以及适合上班族的 Hugo Boss;稍微高端一点的国民品牌 CoachMichael Kors 等。

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Fierce By Abercrombie & Fitch 1.7 oz Cologne Spray for Men
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Polo Blue by Ralph Lauren Eau De Toilette Spray 4.2 oz
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Polo Blue by Ralph Lauren Eau De Toilette Spray 4.2 oz
  • EDT SPRAY 4.2 OZ
  • Launched by Ralph Lauren in 2002
  • It is recommended for evening wear
Tommy by Tommy Hilfiger for Men Eau de Cologne Spray, 3.4 Oz
10,742 个好评
Tommy by Tommy Hilfiger for Men Eau de Cologne Spray, 3.4 Oz
  • Tommy for Men by Tommy Hilfiger
  • 3.3 oz EDT Spray
  • Packaging for this product may vary from that shown in the image
46% off
Calvin Klein Ck One Eau De Toilette, 6.7 Fl. Oz.
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Calvin Klein Ck One Eau De Toilette, 6.7 Fl. Oz.
  • The iconic citrus scent
  • For him and her
Hugo Boss HUGO Man Eau De Toilette, 2.5 Fl Oz (Pack of 1)
13,842 个好评

奢侈品牌香水

HermèsPradaDiorYSLGucciChanelD&GCholeBuberry 等奢侈品推出的香水也很常见。 Chanel 、 Gucci 、 Prada 等品牌的香水在 Macy’s「梅西百货」或 Sephora「丝芙兰」就能买到,但如果真喜欢此类香水的话建议去 Saks Fitfh Avenue 或者 Neiman Marcus 这些中高档商场的美妆护肤部逛逛。

Chanel No. 5 Body Lotion 6.8 ounces, 200 milliliters Perfumed Luxury Body
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Chanel No. 5 Body Lotion 6.8 ounces, 200 milliliters Perfumed Luxury Body
  • Chanel No.5 Body Lotion 6.8oz, 200ml Perfumed Luxury Body Moisturizer a.k.a. " Emulsion pour le...
  • Symbol of good taste and is currently one of the best selling perfumes in the World
  • Incorporating May Rose and Jasmine, the signature notes of No. 5, the body lotion leaves a soft,...
Christian Dior Miss Blooming Bouquet Eau de Toilette Spray for Women, 1.7 Ounce
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Christian Dior Miss Blooming Bouquet Eau de Toilette Spray for Women, 1.7 Ounce
  • Miss Dior Blooming Bouquet by Christian Dior for Women
  • 1.7 oz Eau de Toilette Spray
  • Christian Dior
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Prada Candy by Prada for Women 2.7 oz Eau de Parfum Spray
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Prada Candy by Prada for Women 2.7 oz Eau de Parfum Spray
  • Item Condition: 100% authentic, new and unused. Prada Candy by Prada for Women 2.7 oz Eau de Parfum...
  • Prada Candy by Prada for Women 2.7 oz Eau de Parfum Spray: Buy Prada Perfumes - Prada Candy by Prada...
  • Type: Eau De Parfum
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Gucci Bamboo by Gucci for Women 2.5 oz Eau de Parfum Spray
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Gucci Bamboo by Gucci for Women 2.5 oz Eau de Parfum Spray
  • Gucci Bamboo by Gucci for Women 2.5 oz Eau de Parfum Spray: Buy Gucci Perfumes - Gucci Bamboo by...
  • Item Condition: 100% authentic, new and unused. Gucci Bamboo by Gucci for Women 2.5 oz Eau de Parfum...
  • Type: Eau De Parfum
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Chloe New By Chloe For Women Eau De Parfum Spray 1.7 Oz
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Chloe New By Chloe For Women Eau De Parfum Spray 1.7 Oz
  • This product is made of high quality material
  • It is recommended for romantic wear
  • This Product Is Manufactured In France

美国的香水实在是太多了,一篇文章不可能介绍完。如果你想一次性集中感受多个品牌的香水,像 Sephora「丝芙兰」这样专业卖美妆护肤香水的店或是 Macy’s「梅西百货」这样设有专门护肤香水产品区的百货商场会比较适合你。

美国在哪里买护肤品和化妆品最划算?》《美国常见的护肤品和化妆品介绍

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