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美国选购电视知识之接口介绍

为了方便之后我们介绍,选购电视机,音响等家庭娱乐设备。今天在这篇文章中将简单介绍电视背后的接口。

本文中,我会用2020年款 SONY X900H 作为例子,该款电视在2020年年初,拉斯维加斯的CES上发布,往年,每年的新款电视一般会在4月份开始售卖,但因为疫情的关系,截止5月中还是预定中,具体销售日期不明。作为最新电视,已经抛弃了很多模拟信号接口。我们将以从上往下的顺序逐步介绍。

USB 接口

按照图片上的颜色,初略判断,一个是2.0、一个是3.0,用户可以外接U盘或者移动硬盘,播放其中的音乐、视频,3.0的接口,传输速度更快,可以播放清晰度更高的视频。但按照北美市场的消费习惯,应该很少人会冒风险下载可能存在版权风险的电视剧、电影,越来越多的人会选择播放流媒体。更多人会使用这些 USB 作为电源;我们上一篇介绍的 Fire TV Stick、Roku Stick 或者 Chromecast 都可以使用 USB 作为电源,无需电源插头。

困在家,刷剧必备 — 电视盒子篇 上一篇我们介绍了在美国流行的几个流媒体平台,本文将介绍几款北美流行的电视盒子系统。 Tony Wu 2020-05-03 5 评论 阅读全文

Digital Audio Out (Optical)

同轴音频输出端口,用来连接音响。当年由日本东芝(TOSHIBA)开发并指定标准。其特点是电气隔离,阻止数字噪音的通过,传输过程有着极小的损耗。但随着 HDMI ARC 接口普及,更多普通消费者会选择更加方便的 HDMI。

KabelDirekt Optical Digital Audio Cable (15 Feet) Home Theater Fiber Optic Toslink Male to Male Gold Plated Optical Cables Best For Playstation & Xbox - Pro Series
5,176 个好评
KabelDirekt Optical Digital Audio Cable (15 Feet) Home Theater Fiber Optic Toslink Male to Male Gold Plated Optical Cables Best For Playstation & Xbox - Pro Series
  • OPTICAL DIGITAL AUDIO CABLE: Perfect digital audio cable for crystal clear connection to DVD’s Blurays, home theater receivers, satellites, online streaming playstation & xbox gaming systems.
  • HOME THEATER TOSLINK FIBER OPTIC CABLES: Professional cable works with multi-channel surround sound, Uncompressed PCM audio and compressed 5.1 to 7.1 surround sound systems including Dolby Digital Plus, DTS-HD High Resolution and LPCM.
  • HIGHEST QUALITY DIGITAL AUDIO CABLES: Optical cables feature a fully flexible PVC jacket with precision manufacturing to provide the highest quality longest lasting optical cables available.
Digital Optical Audio Cable Toslink Cable - [24K Gold-Plated, Ultra-Durable] [S] Syncwire Fiber Optic Male to Male Cord for Home Theater, Sound Bar, TV, PS4, Xbox, Playstation & More – 5.9ft
2,206 个好评
Digital Optical Audio Cable Toslink Cable - [24K Gold-Plated, Ultra-Durable] [S] Syncwire Fiber Optic Male to Male Cord for Home Theater, Sound Bar, TV, PS4, Xbox, Playstation & More – 5.9ft
  • Perfect compatibility - Syncwire Optical Audio cable is compatible with standard and high-definition devices with Toslink (s/PDIF, Optical) ports. Perfect for the sound bar to receiver/preamp, Audio processor, DAC, TV and PS4, PlayStation, Xbox gaming systems etc.
  • Unparalleled sound quality - features Corrosion-Resistant, gold-plated connectors and buffer tubing for optimal signal transfer. Clear uncompressed PCM Audio and compressed 5.1 to 7.1 surround Sound.
  • Incredible durability - Syncwire Digital optical Audio cable Features a durable PVC outer layer for premium Quality and long usage.

耳机接口

音频输出端口,用户可以连接电视用的蓝牙耳机,在夜晚一个人享受电影、看球赛,不影响身边人。

有折扣
Sennheiser RS 175 RF Wireless Headphone System
2,124 个好评
Sennheiser RS 175 RF Wireless Headphone System
  • Compact, ergonomic over ear headphones. Connectivity Technology: Wireless
  • Bass boost and surround sound listening modes. Maximum sound pressure level : 114 dB at 1kHz, 3 percentage THD. THD, total harmonic distortion : less than 0.5 percentage at 1 kHz, 100 dB SPL
  • Digital wireless technology ensures that signal transmission remains clear and accurate.Carrier frequencies:2.4 – 2.48 GHz
RCA Wireless TV Headphones, Over Ear Headphones for TV Watching, PC Phone MP3 iPod VCD DVD, Headphones for Seniors Hard of Hearing, 148ft/45M Range, Rechargeable and Adjustable
1,027 个好评
RCA Wireless TV Headphones, Over Ear Headphones for TV Watching, PC Phone MP3 iPod VCD DVD, Headphones for Seniors Hard of Hearing, 148ft/45M Range, Rechargeable and Adjustable
  • Indulge in your TV moments: Dual 40mm drivers guarantee high fidelity stereo sound. Without audio lag, RCA TV headphones are suitable for parents hard of hearing, youngsters enjoying late-night gaming, etc.
  • Long-Range Transmission & Lightweight: Up to 147ft/45M transmission distance, you can walk freely in your house. No worry about signal loss or volume loss. Besides, with adjustable padded headband and soft padded ear cups, RCA TV headphones will free you from a bulky burden.
  • Easy to Set Up: Work well with TV/ audio device having a 3.5mm audio output or RCA (red and white) audio outputs. To connect the TV with 3.5mm audio out port, use the RCA audio cable, insert the 3.5mm audio plug into TV’s audio out port, then insert the red and white plugs into the back of the charging base. To connect the TV with (red and white) RCA audio output ports, use the short adapter cable, connect the adapter cable with RCA audio cable, insert the red and white plugs of adapter cable into the RCA audio output jack of your TV, insert the red and white plugs of RCA audio cable into the back of charging case.

Video IN

模拟视频/音频信号接口。将 RCA 端子接口(俗称AV端子,三色线等)转成3.5毫米接口,传输到电视。RCA 接口一般常见与旧设备上,比如以前的 DVD 播放器等。

Onvian 3.5mm to 3 RCA Male Plug to RCA Stereo Audio Video Male AUX Cable 5FT Cord
449 个好评
Onvian 3.5mm to 3 RCA Male Plug to RCA Stereo Audio Video Male AUX Cable 5FT Cord
  • Designed to connect 3.5mm male plug to 3RCA Audio Video female. NOTE: It can not work with your phones
  • Environmental-friendly PVC Materials of cable, more soft, flexible bend, can use for a long time
  • High quality pure copper wire core with ultra-high speed data transmission. Bumpless transfer, durability Insertion and withdrawal, more practical

HDMI 接口

现在基本上所有影音设备上都有这接口,可以同时传输视频、音频。图片中,第三个是支持ARC(Audio Return Channel,「音频回授通道」)。配合同样支持 ARC 功能的音响(功放,回音壁Soundbar),将电视的数字音频信号输出到音响,而无需再连接额外的音频线。用户也可以将多个影音设备连接到音响上,通过一条 HDMI 接回电视,将视频传输到电视的同时,借助 ARC,音频会从音响中放出。配合电视上的 CEC 功能(Consumer Electronics Control、不同电视厂商叫法会不一样),用户可以使用一个遥控器(音响或者电视的)去操控电视和电视盒子,减少遥控器数量。支持 ARC 的 HDMI 接口可以无压缩的传输5.1或7.1多声道音频,比如 Dolby True HD 和 DTS HD-MA。这是上一代 Optical 接口所无法达到的。

当然你也可以选择使用 Logitech Harmony 多功能遥控器进行多设备操控。同时也可以配合 Amazon Echo 和 Google Assistant 进行语音操控。

Logitech Harmony Companion All In One Remote Control for Smart Home and Entertainment Devices (Black) (Renewed)
244 个好评
Logitech Harmony Companion All In One Remote Control for Smart Home and Entertainment Devices (Black) (Renewed)
  • Use Alexa for voice controls
  • Harmony App turns smartphone/tablet into universal remote
  • Connect to up to 8 devices

购买电视机的时候要留意背后 HDMI 的型号,不同代数的接口,外形虽然一样,但性能、视频、音频输出效果大相径庭。如果可以,尽量选择 HDMI 2.0 或者2.1版本的接口,像上面照片显示的 SONY X900H,4个 HDMI 都是2.1接口。根据官网给出的数据,将来随着电视系统升级,将支持 eARC(Enhanced AudioReturn Channel,「 增强版音频回传信道」)这使得电视能支持更先进的音频信号,包括 Dolby Atmos 和 DTS:X 等。下面这个表格是每种音频连接形式的对比。当然用户还有另外购买一套像样的音响,或者起码来台回音壁。敬请期待我们将来回音壁的推荐文章。

图片来源网络

第一代的 HDMI 1.0 的协议从2002年12月发布以来已经走过了17多年,经历了7代更迭。最新的 HDMI 2.1协议带宽达到48 Gbps,最高支持4K @120Hz、动态 HDR (Dynamic HDR),画质更流畅;上一代2.0的协议,只支持4K@60Hz、静态 HDR。现在选择电视的时候,尽量选择 2.0、2.1 以上协议的接口。

有折扣
HDMI Cable 4K 10ft, iVANKY 18Gbps High Speed HDMI 2.0 Cable, 4K HDR, HDCP 2.2/1.4, 3D, 2160P, 1080P, Ethernet - Braided HDMI Cord 32AWG, Audio Return(ARC) Compatible UHD TV, Blu-ray, PS4/3, Monitor
2,804 个好评
HDMI Cable 4K 10ft, iVANKY 18Gbps High Speed HDMI 2.0 Cable, 4K HDR, HDCP 2.2/1.4, 3D, 2160P, 1080P, Ethernet - Braided HDMI Cord 32AWG, Audio Return(ARC) Compatible UHD TV, Blu-ray, PS4/3, Monitor
  • High Speed Data Capacity - iVanky 4K HDMI Cable 10 ft supports HDMI 2.0b including 18 Gbps, Mirror & Extend mode, Ultra HD 4K 2160p, HD 2K 1080p, QHD 1440p, HDCP 2.2, 48-Bit Deep Color, Audio Return(ARC), Dolby TrueHD 7.1 audio and Hot plugging.
  • 4K HDMI Cable HDR - Perfect for your 4K UHD TV. Compatible for your streaming devices, Apple TV 4K, NVIDIA SHIELD TV, CD/DVD/Blu-ray players, Fire TV, Roku Ultra, PS4/3, Nintendo Switch, computers, or other HDMI-enabled devices to your 4K/HD TV, monitors, displays or projectors.
  • Innovative improvement - Designed for all devices with HDMI 2.0 standard and backwards compatible with HDMI 1.4, 1.3 & 1.2. Tinplate Metal Shielding and gold-plated, corrosion-resistant connectors can protect against external signal interference, guarantee stable signal transmission and minimize signal loss.
Belkin Ultra HD High Speed HDMI Cable, Optimal Viewing for Apple TV and Apple TV 4K, Dolby Vision HDR, 2 M/6.ft – Black
1,099 个好评
Belkin Ultra HD High Speed HDMI Cable, Optimal Viewing for Apple TV and Apple TV 4K, Dolby Vision HDR, 2 M/6.ft – Black
  • Use with Apple TV/Apple TV 4K and the latest HDTVs, streaming devices, gaming consoles, Blu ray players, projectors and more
  • Supports 4K/120Hz resolution and frame rates; transfer speeds up to 48Gbps; Dolby vision and HDR 10 compatible
  • Future proofed to support 8K/60Hz resolutions and frame rates

LAN 接口

网线接口,虽然现在智能电视都支持 Wi-Fi,但有时候无线路由器与电视距离过远,当中还隔着几堵墙的时候,Wi-Fi信号将大幅削弱。如果想要网络稳定的话,家里还是建议使用有线网络接入。一般无线路由器附送的都是 Cat 5e的网线,推荐另外购买 Cat 6 或者 Cat 7 网线,降低长距离传输网络速度衰减和减少信号干扰。

Cat 6 Ethernet Cable 50 ft White - Flat Internet Network Lan patch cords – Solid Cat6 High Speed Computer wire With clips& Snagless Rj45 Connectors for Router, modem – faster than Cat5e/Cat5 - 50 feet
7,957 个好评
Cat 6 Ethernet Cable 50 ft White - Flat Internet Network Lan patch cords – Solid Cat6 High Speed Computer wire With clips& Snagless Rj45 Connectors for Router, modem – faster than Cat5e/Cat5 - 50 feet
  • Bundled with the 15 cable clips, so no need to buy them elsewhere
  • High performance Cat6, 30 AWG, UL listed, RJ45 Ethernet Patch Cable provides universal connectivity for LAN network components such as PCs, computer servers, printers, routers, switch boxes, network media players, Xbox, PS, gaming, PoE device, NAS, VoIP phones
  • Cat 6 standard provides performance of up to 250 MHz and is suitable for 10Base-T, 100BASE-TX(Fast Ethernet), 1000Base-T/1000base-tx(gigabit ethernet)and 10gbase-t(10-gigabit Ethernet)
有折扣
Ethernet Cable, VANDESAIL 2 Pack 6.5ft CAT7 RJ45 LAN Cable High Speed Gigabit Network Patch Cord Gold Plated (2m)
3,398 个好评
Ethernet Cable, VANDESAIL 2 Pack 6.5ft CAT7 RJ45 LAN Cable High Speed Gigabit Network Patch Cord Gold Plated (2m)
  • ★ CAT7 ETHERNET CABLE - Surf the net, stream video, music and other data at greater speed without worrying about cable mess
  • ★ GIGABIT ETHERNET CABLE - Support bandwidth up to 1000MHz & transmitting data at speeds of up to 10Gbps,connect to LAN/WAN segments and networking gear at maximum speed
  • ★ HIGH SPEED ETHERNET CABLE WITH TWO RJ45 CONNECTORS ON EACH END - Compared to the Cat 6 network ethernet cable, the additional shielding and improved quality in twisting of the wires provides better protection from crosstalk, noise, and interference that can degrade the signal quality

现在最新的智能手机,第十代 Intel 的 CPU 已经陆续支持最新的Wi-Fi 6协议,可以预见未来几年的电视芯片也会陆续跟进支持Wi-Fi 6的无线路由器。

关于无线路由器的选购,请订阅本网站,敬请期待我们之后的文章更新。

Remote RS-232C

串行通信端子,一般是留给制造商等专业人士使用操控设定电视。比如遥控器损坏、电视黑屏,专业人士可以通过这个端口操作电视。不建议一般消费者使用。

IR In

红外延长线接口,接收遥控器红外信号的延长线的接口。一般家庭用不上,电视一般都是放在遥控器可控制范围内,一般都是沙发前,或者床前。商业用途的时候,使用红外延长,方便用户操控。

Cable / Antenna 接口

电视天线接口,支持最新的 ATSC 3.0高清电视广播协议 (俗称Next Gen TV)。2020年开始,新的电视将陆续配置支持新的协议的解调器。现在的电视广播协议最高支持1080P/1080i 的清晰度,最新的ATSC 3.0 支持4K HDR画质的传输,未来,用户可以在无需上网的情况下,在户外使用手机也能观看4K 的电视节目。下面这张地图就是2020年会开始使用ATSC 3.0协议的地区。

The ATSC 3.0 U.S. deployment map (as of April 23, 2020) (Image credit: ATSC)

已经有电视的用户也不用着急,以后可以购买支持 ATSC 3.0 的解调器,与家里网络连接,这样在家中网络里的设备,电视,电脑,手机等都可以观看电视节目。HDHomeRun 已经在Kickstarter 上面开始众筹支持最新协议的设备。我正在使用 HDHomeRun 这一代的设备,只需与一根电视天线连接与网线连接,家里多个设备都可以观看实时的电视节目。

SiliconDust HDHomeRun Connect Duo HDHR5-2US Dual Tuner Bundle with Blucoil 2-Way TV Coaxial Cable Splitter and 5-Pack of Reusable Cable Ties
77 个好评
SiliconDust HDHomeRun Connect Duo HDHR5-2US Dual Tuner Bundle with Blucoil 2-Way TV Coaxial Cable Splitter and 5-Pack of Reusable Cable Ties
  • GOODBYE COSTLY CABLE TV SUBSCRIPTION FEES - The HDHomeRun CONNECT DUO receives Over-the-Air TV broadcast over the antenna, then transmits the signal over an existing wired Ethernet router.
  • WATCH IN DIFFERENT DEVICES - The dual tuner enables you to watch your favorite cooking show or basketball game via Smart TV, smartphones, or computers in 2 different devices.
  • OFFERS SEAMLESS MULTI-ROOM VIEWING - You can pause on one device (tablet) and resume on another (smartphone) with the multi-user, multi-device Seamless Viewing when you subscribe to the HDHomeRun App.

逐渐被淘汰的接口

图片来源网络

Audio/Video 接口

当初第一个将音频,视频信号分离的接口,将模拟信号传输到显示器。黄色是视频信号,白色是左声道,红色为右声道。随着 HDMI 与4K电视的普及,AV接口逐渐被人遗忘。如果有老设备的用户,可以购买转接器,接到新的电视上。

RCA to HDMI,AV to HDMI Converter,ABLEWE 1080P Mini RCA Composite CVBS Video Audio Converter Adapter Supporting PAL/NTSC for TV/PC/ PS3/ STB/Xbox VHS/VCR/Blue-Ray DVD Players
1,694 个好评
RCA to HDMI,AV to HDMI Converter,ABLEWE 1080P Mini RCA Composite CVBS Video Audio Converter Adapter Supporting PAL/NTSC for TV/PC/ PS3/ STB/Xbox VHS/VCR/Blue-Ray DVD Players
  • RCA to HDMI Converter: Converts analog RCA composite (Yellow, White, Red) input to HDMI 720P/1080P (60HZ) output,displayed on HDTV/Monitor.
  • Plug to Play: ABLEWE Mini RCA to HDMI converter no extra drivers need, just plug and play,easy to use.Please hook up the USB power cable (included) to 5V power source during use.
  • Wide Compatibility: Support source formats of PAL, NTSC3.58, NTSC4.43, SECAM, PAL/M, PAL/N standard TV. Provide advanced signal processing with great precision, colors, resolutions, and details.

VGA 接口

同样的是模拟信号接口。不过只是传输视频接口,常见于电脑上。如果转接到 HDMI 的时候,需要外界电源和音频信号线。

有折扣
FOINNEX VGA to HDMI Adapter/Converter Cable with Audio,1080P,Convert VGA Source (PC) in HDMI Connector of Monitor,TV. Active Male VGA-HDMI Out Lead Video Adattatore Cord for Computer,Laptop,Projector
2,129 个好评
FOINNEX VGA to HDMI Adapter/Converter Cable with Audio,1080P,Convert VGA Source (PC) in HDMI Connector of Monitor,TV. Active Male VGA-HDMI Out Lead Video Adattatore Cord for Computer,Laptop,Projector
  • FOINNEX 6FT VGA to HDMI adapter cable offers you a convenient way to connect Old style PC, Notebook,Desktop computer with VGA (D-Sub ,HD 15 pin) output to displays such as projector, monitor, TV or display screen with HDMI. Male to Male
  • Cost-effective: No need any extra HDMI cables. BONUS a RCA Left/Right stereo audio to 3.5mm AUX adapter cable to get audio signals from DVD,TV-box and more devices with RCA output.
  • Supports Video and Audio Synchronously. VGA output/HDMI output supports video resolution up to 1920 x 1080/60Hz, Supports 24-bit;Transmit stereo audio via male 3.5mm AUX Mini Jack or 2 male RCA stereo audio plug.

总结

在电脑上,Apple 已经率先一步淘汰了几乎所有接口,只留下支持雷电3协议(Thunderbolt 3)的Type C接口和耳机(估计将来也会被蓝牙取代,看看手机吧)。在电视上,未来背面的接口会不会越来越简单?我们可以拭目以待。在接下来,为了提升观影体验,我们会分享购买电视及回音壁的指南,敬请期待。

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