美国行车必备的汽车配件

上一篇文章介绍了在美国给汽车玻璃贴膜的知识,本文将介绍几样在车内常备的配件:手机支架、USB 拓展、GPS、OBD-II 检测仪、空气过滤器、紧急救援包、胎压检测仪、打气机、补胎剂等。

美国汽车玻璃贴膜指南

手机支架

手机支架可安装在空调出风口、前挡玻璃、或仪表盘上。若是安装在空调出风口的设计,要确保你车里的出风口大小形状合适,比如奔驰、Mini 的圆形出风口有些支架就没法用。此外,冬天空调开热风,会吹到支架上的手机背面,可能会引起电池过热;当然,夏天空调开冷风让手机电池降温是好事。如果喜欢使用空调出风口式的支架,冬天用手机导航、听歌,长时间使用手机手机可能会过热自动关机。

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按照固定方式,手机支架可分为夹子式和磁铁式。磁铁式支架通常是在手机保护壳背面放置几块磁铁,与手机支架吸在一起固定,好处是安放和拿下来都很方便,缺点是有些吸铁石式支架质量不过关,遇到颠簸路面,手机会有意外掉落的风险。另外,现在大部分手机支持无线充电,手机壳背面若有磁铁,可能会导致无线充电失败。部分手机壳既能无线充电、也能通过磁铁在车上支架上固定,不过价格一般都比较高。

有些汽车上的支架支持无线充电。但是,现在大部分汽车并不支持无线 Apple CarPlay 和 Android Auto,如果你需要使用 Apple CarPlay 或 Android,还是需要在手机上连接数据线。不过,如果你的汽车本来就不支持 CarPlay、或者你用不上 CarPlay、或者你的汽车支持无线 CarPlay,那么这种支持无线充电的支架还蛮好的。

USB 拓展

一些款式旧的汽车,并没有足够的 USB 充电头,为数不多的充电头又要让给行车记录仪、或者 GPS 导航仪,为了满足更多的电子设备,使用下方的拓展可以解决这些问题。

Anker Car Charger, Mini 24W 4.8A Metal Dual USB Car Charger, PowerDrive 2 Alloy Flush Fit Car Adapter with Blue LED, for iPhone XR/Xs/Max/X/8/7/Plus, iPad...
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如果习惯使用 Alexa 的用户可以选择下面这款,行车中可使用语音助手 Alexa 来处理拨打电话,发送、回复信息,操控家中的智能家具等。

Roav VIVA by Anker, Alexa-Enabled 2-Port USB Car Charger in-Car Navigation, Calling, Messaging, Drop In, Announcements, and Music Streaming. Compatible with...
  • Alexa Inside: Amazon's voice service gives you complete voice control in your car. Just say the word...
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  • Supports Alexa Communication: Calling, Messaging, Drop In, and Announcements—all hands-free.

一些老车的车机可能不支持蓝牙连接,无法将手机中的音乐、电话通过汽车的音响播放,下面这款拓展除了增加 2 个 USB 充电头外,可以蓝牙连接手机,将音频通过车内 FM 指定频道播放。

Anker Roav SmartCharge F0 Bluetooth FM Transmitter for Car, Audio Adapter and Receiver, Hands-Free Calling, MP3 Car Charger with 2 USB Ports, PowerIQ, and AUX...
  • 【Stable Transmission】: Solid Bluetooth and FM connections stream music straight from your phone...
  • 【Clear Sound】: Just find an unoccupied station and the boosted FM signal and static-cancellation...
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GPS 卫星导航

虽然越来越多人喜欢使用手机导航,但美国地域辽阔,很多偏远地区手机信号糟糕,尤其是开车去一些国家公园,使用一台靠谱的 GPS 导航仪,就解决了后顾之忧。Garmin(佳明)与 TomTom 都是 GPS 大厂,旗下有各个价格档位的 GPS 设备。现在大多数 GPS 都支持终生地图更新,但实时交通提醒只有在一些中高端设备上支持。不过我认为除非是生活在美国几个大都市城市,比如洛杉矶、旧金山、纽约市、芝加哥等堵车「重灾区」外,实时交通更新的功能其实比较鸡肋。

2022 美国好用的手机导航软件

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Garmin DriveSmart 55 and Traffic, GPS Navigator with 5.5” Display, Simple On-Screen Menus and Easy-to-See Maps
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OBD-II 检测

OBD 全称 On Board Diagnostics,中文叫「车载自动诊断系统」。现在常用的 OBD-II 协议由美国汽车工程师协会 (SAE,Society of Automotive Engineers) 在 1988 年制定。通过连接智能手机的 OBD-II 的设备和相应的 app,可以查看汽车行车电脑数据,包括是否有过汽车故障等。购买二手车的时候建议带上一个。

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车内无线热点

现在很多新车自带 Wi-Fi 热点,与手机运营商合作在车内提供 Wi-Fi 信号,同时支持远程开启和关闭汽车、汽车定位等功能。若你的车没有这项功能,可以选择 T-Mobile 或者 Verizon 等手机运营商提供的 OBD-II 设备,除了检测汽车信息外,还能提供无线热点功能,支援 7/24 汽车道路救援。当然每个月要支付数据通信的费用。下面是几个运营商提供的设备。

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车内空气过滤器、清香剂

如果你有宠物,或者喜欢在车内吃东西,或者是为了车内乘客健康,要减少在太阳下暴晒后车内可能出现的有毒气体,购买一个小型空气过滤器相当有必要。而空气清新剂可以有效覆盖车内香烟味、食物的味道,有些香味还能帮助开车者保持清醒。

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车内吸尘器

当然,家里有 Dyson 戴森无绳吸尘器可以用来清理车内垃圾。如果家里有车库、多辆汽车,可以考虑安装挂壁式的大型吸尘器,干湿两用。出门在外,可以带一个便携式的吸尘器。

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戴森 Dyson 无线吸尘器比较|V6-V11

紧急救援包

建议广大车友车内常备一个紧急救援包,以防意外。如有意外,除了打电话给保险公司叫救援外,还是要在车后放上三角警示标志。

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汽车椅套、腰靠、坐垫

新冠病毒疫情期间,车内清洁必不可少。皮质座椅清理保养比较麻烦,可以在上面套上椅套,方便消毒。长途驾驶,使用坐垫、腰靠,可以有效缓解驾驶员疲劳。下面这个坐垫可以 360 度旋转,可以方便年纪大的驾驶员上下车。

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车内宠物垫

家里养宠物的可以选择宠物垫覆盖在后排椅子上,避免宠物抓坏汽车座椅,方便清理宠物毛发。

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胎压检测

新车基本都有胎压侦测系统,在行车电脑中显示。比较旧的汽车用户可以购买胎压检测器。下面第二款为 5 合 1 工具,除了胎压检测,还有指南针、割保险带刀、破玻璃的锤子、以及手电筒。

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轮胎打气机

每次开车前,检测胎压是必要的动作,如遇到胎压不足,需要及时打气。下面这台打气机除了可以给汽车轮胎打气,配合不同打气头,可以给自行车、摩托车、足球、篮球等打气。

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车胎补胎剂

现在很多汽车中一般都没有小尺寸备胎,而是用补胎剂取代,除了可以节省成本,还可以降低汽车重量,扩大储物空间。很多人在遇到轮胎问题时,第一反应是打保险公司请求救援,很少会使用千斤顶、换胎。使用补胎剂可以快速完成补胎,让驾驶员可以就近找汽车维修行完成修理。

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车内小冰箱

这台小冰箱除了可以在家里使用,更可以带上车,出门在外,大夏天,也能提供冰可乐。而在冬天,也能加热保温饮料。

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汽车电瓶紧急电源

汽车长时间不用,就像这次疫情,很多人被困在家,无法开车出门,会导致电瓶亏电,而如果汽车晚上忘记关掉大灯,一些旧的汽车没有自动关闭的功能,第二天汽车就会因为电瓶亏电而无法发动,这个时候,如果家里有多辆汽车的可以用 Jumper 线借一下电。而只有一辆汽车的,车上可以备一个紧急电源,除了可以发动汽车,在户外也可以作为一个充电宝,给手机,电脑充电。

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行车记录仪

我们在另一篇文章中已经介绍了几款优秀等行车记录仪,请移步阅读。

美国行车记录仪选购指南|9 款 Dashcam 推荐

行车记录仪在美国合法吗?

最后,提醒各位读者,为了您和您家人,安全行车,避免疲劳驾驶和酒后驾驶。

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