无绿卡的中国公民不能给总统选举捐款

晚上在微信朋友圈里看到有位留学生朋友说,自己给某位总统候选人团队捐了点钱。我问,「你有绿卡吗?」答:「没有。」我又问,「你是美国公民?」答:「不是。」

外国公民给美国大选捐款是违法的。

参见联邦选举委员会(Federal Election Commission)的说明(原文点击这里):

The Prohibition

The Federal Election Campaign Act (FECA) prohibits any foreign national from contributing, donating or spending funds in connection with any federal, state, or local election in the United States, either directly or indirectly. It is also unlawful to help foreign nationals violate that ban or to solicit, receive or accept contributions or donations from them. Persons who knowingly and willfully engage in these activities may be subject to fines and/or imprisonment.

Who is a Foreign National?

The following groups and individuals are considered “foreign nationals” and are, therefore, subject to the prohibition:

  • Foreign governments;
  • Foreign political parties;
  • Foreign corporations;
  • Foreign associations;
  • Foreign partnerships;
  • Individuals with foreign citizenship;
  • and Immigrants who do not have a “green card.”

The “Green Card” Exception

An immigrant may make a contribution if he or she has a “green card” indicating his or her lawful admittance for permanent residence in the United States.

《联邦竞选法》禁止任何没有绿卡的外国人给美国选举捐款,包括联邦、全国和地方选举,包括直接和间接的资助。美国公民在明知对方身份的情况下,游说、协助、或接受此类捐款也是违法的。

如果你没有绿卡、也不是美国公民,既不能在任何全国或地方选举中捐款,也不能请美国的朋友帮你捐款;如果有美国朋友「帮」你捐款,双方的行为都是违法的,可判罚金或监禁。

原因其实很好理解:选举是内政;你如果不是美国公民或永久居民,不管给哪一方捐款都属于「外国势力干涉美国内政」。作为围观群众,老老实实吃瓜就好了。

如果你持有绿卡,可以给选举捐款,某些地方选举你可以投票,但不能在任何联邦选举(如总统大选)中投票。

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