The Federal Election Campaign Act (FECA) prohibits any foreign national from contributing, donating or spending funds in connection with any federal, state, or local election in the United States, either directly or indirectly. It is also unlawful to help foreign nationals violate that ban or to solicit, receive or accept contributions or donations from them. Persons who knowingly and willfully engage in these activities may be subject to fines and/or imprisonment.
Who is a Foreign National?
The following groups and individuals are considered “foreign nationals” and are, therefore, subject to the prohibition:
Foreign political parties;
Individuals with foreign citizenship;
and Immigrants who do not have a “green card.”
The “Green Card” Exception
An immigrant may make a contribution if he or she has a “green card” indicating his or her lawful admittance for permanent residence in the United States.