入冬指南

美国应对暴风雪的准备工作和物资

作为一个南方人,刚来美国时我对暴风雪的准备工作严重不足。

我的第一辆车是前驱的马自达6。进入冬季,有天下班高峰突然毫无预兆下起了小雪,上千辆车堵在了环城公路上:一辆车打滑,后面就谁也过不去了。我见势不妙提前下了高速,结果没走多远也困在了雪地里,本来想强行调头绕行,旁边的居民说,你还是停这儿吧,前面有车刚掉沟里了……

最后信小信开着四驱的 ML350 来接我,才算回了家。从那以后,我就坚定了「只买四驱车」的决心。那时候住公寓,没有车库,有一年下了17英寸的暴风雪,小区的车埋得连亲妈都认不出来。

雪铲雪刷

Snow Shover 用来清除门前积雪。我家屋后有个斜坡,下大雪的时候用雪铲挖条道,孩子们滑雪玩得特别开心。Snow Shover 最好轻便(塑料就行)、铲面大。

有折扣# 1
Snow Joe SJ-SHLV01-RED Shovelution Strain-Reducing Snow Shovel | 18-Inch | Spring Assisted Handle (Red)
3,326 个好评
Snow Joe SJ-SHLV01-RED Shovelution Strain-Reducing Snow Shovel | 18-Inch | Spring Assisted Handle (Red)
  • Shovel: made of a durable, impact-resistant blade
  • Handle – the spring-assist handle acts as a fulcrum – changes mechanics of shoveling, reduces...
  • Easy to use: gives lifting leverage to the lower hand to lift greater loads with ease
# 2
Rugg 26PDX-S PathMaster 3000 18-Inch Poly Combo Snow Shovel
161 个好评
Rugg 26PDX-S PathMaster 3000 18-Inch Poly Combo Snow Shovel
  • Acts As A Standard Show Shovel
  • Lightweight Making It Easy To Use
  • Curve To It At Its Top So It Acts As A Show Pusher

Snow Brush 雪刷则是用于清理车窗和挡风玻璃的积雪。

有折扣# 1
Hopkins 532 Mallory 26' Snow Brush with Foam Grip (Colors may vary)
11,685 个好评
Hopkins 532 Mallory 26" Snow Brush with Foam Grip (Colors may vary)
  • 26 inches long for ample reach and compact storage
  • Features four rows of sturdy plush bristles for removal of heavy snow
  • 4" wide scraper blade with tough ice chippers to break through and clear thick ice
# 2
Snow Brush, Pivot Head, Alum, 34 to 52 In, colors may vary
1,439 个好评
Snow Brush, Pivot Head, Alum, 34 to 52 In, colors may vary
  • Janitorial & Cleaning Supplies
  • Country of manufacture: Canada
  • Manufacturer: MALLORY

车罩

停在露天,我的两辆车都结了冰碴子,很心疼。如果车密封不好,还担心融化时水会渗入车厢。如果提前买一个 car cover 车罩,就没有这个问题了。几年后买了 single house,终于有车库啦!如果你车停在露天、并且冬天经常下雪,可以买个车罩,根据车型选好尺寸即可。

# 1
Car Cover for Sedan L (191'-201'), Ohuhu Universal Sedan Car Covers Outdoor UV Protection Auto Cover - Windproof. Dustproof. Scratch Resistant
1,008 个好评
Car Cover for Sedan L (191"-201"), Ohuhu Universal Sedan Car Covers Outdoor UV Protection Auto Cover - Windproof. Dustproof. Scratch Resistant
  • PREMIUM MADE CAR COVER: Crafted from high quality polyester taffeta and 190T denim, the Ohuhu Car...
  • SNUG, WIND-RESISTANT FIT: Blustery days are no match for the Ohuhu Car Cover. Equipped with a...
  • COMPLETE PROTECTION: It doesn't matter if its the hot desert sun or the cold, snowy mountains—...
# 2
iCarCover 7-Layers All Weather Waterproof Snow Rain UV Sun Dust Protection Automobile Outdoor Coupe Sedan Hatchback Wagon Custom-Fit Full Body Auto Vehicle Car Cover - for Cars Up to 193”
1,935 个好评
iCarCover 7-Layers All Weather Waterproof Snow Rain UV Sun Dust Protection Automobile Outdoor Coupe Sedan Hatchback Wagon Custom-Fit Full Body Auto Vehicle Car Cover - for Cars Up to 193”
  • 100% WATERPROOF & WEATHERPROOF: Works for all four seasons! Eipon’s car cover is made of...
  • 100% UV RAYS & HEAT PROTECTION: Eipon’s chemical-free UV protective layer prevents UV rays from...
  • 100% WINDPROOF & PREVENT THEFT: This car cover has three buckles that are between the cover material...

如果嫌费整车罩费事的话,还有只用于遮盖挡风玻璃的车罩。

有折扣# 1
Gelibo Heavy Duty Car Windshield Snow Cover with Side Poles, 600D Thicker Windshield Cover for Ice,Snow and Frost with Security Panels and Wiper Blade,Mirror Covers 2020 Newest
144 个好评
Gelibo Heavy Duty Car Windshield Snow Cover with Side Poles, 600D Thicker Windshield Cover for Ice,Snow and Frost with Security Panels and Wiper Blade,Mirror Covers 2020 Newest
  • 2020 New Upgraded: Heavy duty 600D polyester with a weather-resistant PVC lining makes it waterproof...
  • Save Your Time: With foldable side poles, it only takes 5 seconds to install or remove this snow...
  • Elastic Mirror Covers: Unique mirror covers separated from the windshield cover, wrap your rearview...
# 2
Hermard Windshield Snow Cover, Car Windshield Snow Cover with Side Mirror Covers & Hooks, Windshield Cover Fit for Most Cars, Trucks, Vans and SUV, Windshield Cover for Ice, Snow, Rain, Sun, Frost
308 个好评
Hermard Windshield Snow Cover, Car Windshield Snow Cover with Side Mirror Covers & Hooks, Windshield Cover Fit for Most Cars, Trucks, Vans and SUV, Windshield Cover for Ice, Snow, Rain, Sun, Frost
  • 【Thick Durable 600D Polyester Material】- Hermard car window cover made of thick and durable...
  • 【Ideal Extra Large Universal Size】 -Dimension: 80.7" 65.8" 58", our windshield snow cover is...
  • 【Easy Installation】-No tools needed, wings on both sides are stuck in the door, there are fixed...

防雪与除冰喷雾剂

防雪喷雾(Ice and Frost Shield)用于事先预防,下雪前喷在玻璃上即可。不过据我的经验,只能用于预防日常的霜冻和小型的风雪。

有折扣# 1
Prestone AS246 Ice and Frost Shield Vehicle Glass Treatment, 32 oz.
228 个好评
Prestone AS246 Ice and Frost Shield Vehicle Glass Treatment, 32 oz.
  • Prevents morning frost, light ice, and snow from sticking to windshield and wiper blades
  • Dramatically reduces the time, effort, and hassle it takes to clear your winter window glass
  • Provides durable protection without compromising visibility
有折扣# 2
Prestone AS658 All Season 2-in-1 Windshield Washer Fluid, Year Round, De-Icer + Bugwash, 1 Gallon
2,803 个好评
Prestone AS658 All Season 2-in-1 Windshield Washer Fluid, Year Round, De-Icer + Bugwash, 1 Gallon
  • Specially engineered to keep your windshield clear, no matter the weather
  • De-icer melts ice fast and protects against freezing down to -27F
  • Bug Wash penetrates the toughest residue to break down and easily remove bugs

除冰喷雾剂(Windshield De-Icer)用于雪停后快速化冰和雪,喷在挡风玻璃和车窗的积雪上。有些瓶盖拧下来是一把塑料铲子,可以用来铲雪。

有折扣# 1
Prestone Windshield De-icer - 11 oz (AS242) - 3 Cans Included
404 个好评
# 2
Prestone AS247-6PK Trigger Spray Windshield De-Icer, 32 oz. (Pack of 6)
940 个好评
Prestone AS247-6PK Trigger Spray Windshield De-Icer, 32 oz. (Pack of 6)
  • Concentrated high-performance formula melts ice fast
  • Helps reduce dangerous refreeze
  • High methanol content ensures strong ice-melting power

风雪应急包

如果你冬季经常需要外出,可以考虑在车里放一个冬季应急包,一般包括应急指南、大小雪铲、LED 手电、毛毯、暖手包、求救口哨、蜡烛、First-Aid 应急医疗物品。

有折扣# 1
Lifeline 4390 AAA Severe Weather Emergency Road Safety Kit - 66 Pieces - Featuring Emergency Folding Shovel, Fleece Set, Fire Starter, Flashlight and More
193 个好评
Lifeline 4390 AAA Severe Weather Emergency Road Safety Kit - 66 Pieces - Featuring Emergency Folding Shovel, Fleece Set, Fire Starter, Flashlight and More
  • ROAD ASSISTANCE: Be prepared for the unforeseeable with this AAA branded Roadside Severe Weather...
  • AAA QUALITY:  With the backing of the most trusted name in the automotive industry, AAA, you know...
  • MULTI PURPOSE:  Car kits are the essential accessory for trucks and cars  alike, and are...
# 2
Emergency Mylar Thermal Blankets (4-Pack) + Bonus Signature Gold Foil Space Blanket: Designed for NASA, Outdoors, Hiking, Survival, Marathons or First Aid (Arctic Camouflage)
8,221 个好评
Emergency Mylar Thermal Blankets (4-Pack) + Bonus Signature Gold Foil Space Blanket: Designed for NASA, Outdoors, Hiking, Survival, Marathons or First Aid (Arctic Camouflage)
  • FOUR MYLAR EMERGENCY BLANKETS (Arctic Winter Camouflage) - Advanced dual-sided aluminized mylar.
  • BONUS GOLD SPACE BLANKET - Each package includes ONE EXTRA GOLD colored space blanket.
  • LIGHTWEIGHT AND DURABLE - Military-grade 12-micron aluminized polyethylene mylar, 52"x82" & 2 oz.
有折扣# 3
Roadside Assistance Emergency Kit - Multipurpose Emergency Pack Car Premium Road Kit Essentials Jumper Cables Set (8 Foot) Automotive Roadside Assistance 142 Pieces Winter Car Kit
  • 🚗 MULTIPURPOSE EMERGENCY PACK: This ideal accessory for every driver on the road, stash this kit...
  • 🚗CAR ROADSIDE EMERGENCY KIT: Makes the perfect gift for your loved ones to keep them prepared for...
  • 🚗 AAA EMERGENCY CAR KIT: This emergency kit car, It’s lightweight, compact. that can fit...

雪盐和融雪剂

# 1
National Blue Ice Melt 20lb Bucket - Fast Acting Ice Melter - Pet, Plant and Concrete Friendly, Environmentally Safe - Free of Magnesium Chloride - Melts to -15°F
  • PREMIUM ICE MELT: Melts to -15°F The faster an ice melter works, the less chance there is for a...
  • PET + CONCRETE FRIENDLY: National Blue Ice Melt will not harm concrete and vegetation when used...
  • SIZE: Optimized particle size for controlled spreading, allowing you to melt more with less cost....
有折扣# 2
Snow Joe AZ-25-EB Melt-2-Go Nature + Pet Friendly CMA Blended Ice Melter, 25-lb Bag
3,228 个好评
Snow Joe AZ-25-EB Melt-2-Go Nature + Pet Friendly CMA Blended Ice Melter, 25-lb Bag
  • PET FRIENDLY: Formulated from nature’s own ingredients, EB Ice Melt provides a greener solution to...
  • ENVIRONMENTALLY SAFE: Leaves no slimy residue behind, making it safe to use on grass, turf, around...
  • SAFE TO HANDLE: When used as directed, EB Ice Melt will not dry out or irritate the skin and can be...

雪地靴滑雪裤

五六十就能买到不错的 snow boots,当然名牌和比较 Fashion 的款式几百块也很常见。

有折扣# 1
Columbia womens Ice Maiden Ii Snow Boot, Black, Columbia Grey, 8.5 US
  • ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY: This Columbia Women's Ice Maiden II boot features Techlite lightweight midsole...
  • HANDY FEATURES: This women's winter boot is crafted of waterproof leather and textile construction...
  • ADJUSTABLE FEATURES: The Ice Maiden II winter boot features a lace-up closure for an adjustable,...
# 2
Northside Unisex-Child Frosty, Black, 7 M US Big Kid
7,797 个好评
Northside Unisex-Child Frosty, Black, 7 M US Big Kid
  • Insulated snow boot with waterproof upper featuring hook-and-loop strap and bungee-cord closure at...

雪后和娃打雪仗、在院子里滑雪必备 snow pants。

有折扣# 1
Arctix Women's Insulated Snow Pants, Black, Medium/Regular
25,971 个好评
Arctix Women's Insulated Snow Pants, Black, Medium/Regular
  • Thermalock: Durable coating that offers a higher resistant to outdoor elements including wind, water...
  • Thermatech: Engineered synthetic 85 gram insulation that offers high degree of warmth. Technology...
  • Reinforced: 600 denier ballistic reinforced ankle, scuff and hem guards holds up against the daily...
# 2
Arctix Men's Snow Sports Cargo Pants, Black, Large/Regular
9,855 个好评
Arctix Men's Snow Sports Cargo Pants, Black, Large/Regular
  • 85 grams Thematic Insulation offers warmth in a lightweight, low bulk garment (keeps you warm at...
  • 600 Denier Ballistic are used to reinforce the ankle, scuff and hem guards to hold up against daily...
  • Adjustable waist for comfortable fit
# 3
TSLA Men's Winter Snow Pants, Waterproof Insulated Ski Pants, Ripstop Windproof Snowboard Bottoms, Snow Cargo(ykb83) - Black, X-Large
2,152 个好评
TSLA Men's Winter Snow Pants, Waterproof Insulated Ski Pants, Ripstop Windproof Snowboard Bottoms, Snow Cargo(ykb83) - Black, X-Large
  • Alert: True to size : Please follow the size examples below***
  • (Ex: Size "Medium" 6' ft. 168 lbs. - Pictured Model's Measurements.)
  • (EX: Size "Large recommended"- Size for 6" 215 lbs. *** Updated size guide based on customer's...

发电机

如果你所在地区经常有暴风雪等极端或季节性天气,尤其是郊区和大农村,可以考虑请人安装发电机。因为要接入电路,不懂电工知识的普通人建议不要 DIY。要多大功率,取决于你家有多少电器;一般来说,single house 全屋电器全部运行至少要 5,000 ~ 7,500 watts,房车的话 3,000 ~ 4,000 watss 就够了。

有折扣# 1
Jackery Portable Power Station Explorer 240, 240Wh Backup Lithium Battery, 110V/200W Pure Sine Wave AC Outlet, Solar Generator (Solar Panel Not Included) for Outdoors Camping Travel Hunting Emergency
5,347 个好评
Jackery Portable Power Station Explorer 240, 240Wh Backup Lithium Battery, 110V/200W Pure Sine Wave AC Outlet, Solar Generator (Solar Panel Not Included) for Outdoors Camping Travel Hunting Emergency
  • Included in the "Best Portable Power Station for use in the outdoors" by Digital Trends.
  • MULTIFUNCTIONAL OUTPUTS: Jackery Explorer 240 is equipped with a 240 watt-hour (16.8Ah, 14.4V)...
  • ENTRY-LEVEL EXPLORER 240 FOR OUTDOOR SCENES: Jackery Portable power station with solid handle, easy...
有折扣# 2
Champion Power Equipment 76533 4750/3800-Watt Dual Fuel RV Ready Portable Generator with Electric Start
3,352 个好评
Champion Power Equipment 76533 4750/3800-Watt Dual Fuel RV Ready Portable Generator with Electric Start
  • Dual Fuel: Operate your 3800-watt portable generator right out of the box on either gasoline or...
  • Electric Start: Power up the 224cc Champion engine with the handy toggle switch, battery included
  • Intelligauge: Keep track of voltage, hertz and run-time hours to easily monitor power output and...

应急物资

暴风雪可能会造成停水停电,要做好应对紧急情况的准备,包括手电、蜡烛、打火机、瓶装水和桶装水、燕麦片等不易腐烂变质的食物,面包、蛋糕、巧克力、方便面等干粮,做好几天不能去超市,甚至可能停电、无法生火、停水的准备。

最后,油箱保持至少半满,千万不要被逼在暴风雪中找地儿加油。为防水管冻住,保持龙头半开,流动的水不容易冻住。

紧急联系信息

电力公司、小区管理处、警局、医院等。

最后,ready.gov 是联邦政府的灾难应对教育网站,上面有很多有用的信息: www.ready.gov

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4 条评论

  1. 主要是你们那儿大雪的情况很少,所以整个城市的除雪应急设施应该不是很完善。首先汽车轮胎要换成雪胎(再不济也要是比较好的四季胎),雪刷雪铲是必不可少的,用于化雪的盐也是需要的。雪地靴有必要,但是不需要太高,只要有滑雪裤(snow pants)就可以了。

    1. @北北 华府每年下雪就那么一两次、两三次,估计很多人都没有准备雪胎、化雪盐。。你是在哪里?

      1. @Derek Yang 我是在密西根,靠近五大湖,冬天大雪是很常见的,最早10月下雪可以下到来年4月,所以这儿对于暴风雪的应变措施要比DC那儿好很多。DC的气候和国内包邮区的气候差不多,所以来一场大雪,确实会带来很多不便,就像今年国内南方好多水管都被冻裂一样。我们这儿冬天如果停电,很多人家都自备发电机发电。另外用来烧壁炉的柴火也都是准备的满满的。那种因为暴风雪抢购把超市都卖空的情况比较少见。

        1. @北北 我 2 月份在 Cleveland 呆过一个月,下大雪的时候风从湖边刮过来确实很猛,应该和密歇根比较接近。话说我家壁炉还没开过火呢,真浪费啊。

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