生活常识

美国当地主:冬季必备的铲雪工具

导读:冬季全民健身活动:铲雪。

在美国当地主,除了南部的几个州,住其他州的应该都参与过一项冬季全民健身活动:铲雪。公共道路的积雪由政府清理,住宅和商店前的积雪则需由业主负责。各人自扫门前雪,还真不是贬义词。

留意当地法规

我这儿要求雪后36小时内必须清理住宅门口人行道、车道的积雪,以及把消防栓挖出来(如果被雪埋着了),别的城市可能有更严格的规定。搜索 snow removal regulation + city 即可找到当地的相关法规啦。不及时铲掉积雪和撒盐融冰,轻则被热心邻居举报,重则害路人滑倒受伤。铲出来的雪不可以堆在人行道或马路上,可以堆在车道旁边不影响出入的位置。

下雪前撒盐

在下雪和下冻雨前事先撒盐十分重要。有的人认为反正我得铲雪,何必提前撒盐呢?融雪盐的作用比你想象中大哦。事先撒盐比路面结冰后撒盐,融冰的效果好得多。没及时撒盐害路人滑倒,那么你的责任就大了。如果你事先撒了盐,然后路人不小心滑倒,至少你还能 defend yourself。

融雪盐是由氯化钠、氯化钙、氯化镁和氯化钾中的一种或几种混合组成。其原理是盐水凝固点低,难以结冰。单由氯化钠做成的融雪盐也叫 rock salt,价格最便宜,但它不宜用在靠近植物的地方。氯化钙成分的融雪盐效果最好,其盐水比单纯氯化钠盐水凝固点更低,对植物和动物伤害也没那么大,价格当然更贵些。

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Morton Safe-T-Salt Rock Salt 25.0 LB For Snow And Ice Removal
103 个好评
Morton Safe-T-Salt Rock Salt 25.0 LB For Snow And Ice Removal
  • Melt ice down to 5°
  • Clears ice and snow from driveways, walkways and steps
  • Provides traction for getting out of snow drifts, can be stored in vehicle trunks to provide extra weight and improve driving stability
Green Gobbler Pet Safe Ice Melt Fast Acting Treatment | Magnesium Chloride Ice Melt Pellets | Pet & Plant Safe Ice Melter (15lb Pail)
740 个好评
Green Gobbler Pet Safe Ice Melt Fast Acting Treatment | Magnesium Chloride Ice Melt Pellets | Pet & Plant Safe Ice Melter (15lb Pail)
  • MELTS SNOW AND ICE IN FRIGID TEMPERATURES (as low as -10°F): Pet Safe will generate exothermic heat over a short period of time. In a test, our product melted twice as much ice as rock salt in 21°F!
  • MAGNESIUM CHLORIDE FORMULA HARVESTED FROM THE DEAD SEA. Magnesium chloride ice melt has a notoriously low toxicity level making it less toxic than calcium, potassium or sodium chloride.
  • SAFER FOR PETS AND THE ENVIRONMENT. Pet Safe is highly unlikely to burn or irritate the skin or pets paws. Pet Safe won't harm plants or cause spalling on driveways and concrete that's been properly set and cured.

融雪盐使用小贴士

  • 事先撒盐。冻雨过后可补撒一遍。
  • 宜少不宜多。融雪盐并不是用越多越好,按照包装上的说明份量使用即可。过多的融雪盐会腐蚀地面。
  • 要戴手套。不仅是因为天气冷,更重要是防止化合物伤害皮肤。推荐用撒种机撒盐,撒得又快又平均还不伤手。撒种机春天还可以用来播草种和施肥,一物多用。
  • 家有宠物可以选择对宠物友好的融雪盐,不要让狗子喝外面的雪水,狗子回家时先给它洗 jio jio。
  • 晴天积雪和冰都化完了,残留的融雪盐要扫起来丢垃圾桶。
  • 没用完的融雪盐储存在干燥的地方。

播种机长这样,有手持式或推拉式的。

Scotts Whirl Hand-Powered Spreader
409 个好评
Scotts Whirl Hand-Powered Spreader
  • Perfect hand-held spreader for small yards
  • Great for year-round use to weed, seed, fertilize, and apply ice melt
  • Engineered for smooth, even coverage
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Scotts Turf Builder EdgeGuard Mini Broadcast Spreader - Spreads Grass Seed, Fertilizer and Ice Melt - Holds up to 5,000 sq. ft. of Scotts Grass Seed or Fertilizer Products
2,421 个好评
Scotts Turf Builder EdgeGuard Mini Broadcast Spreader - Spreads Grass Seed, Fertilizer and Ice Melt - Holds up to 5,000 sq. ft. of Scotts Grass Seed or Fertilizer Products
  • Scotts Turf Builder Mini walk-behind broadcast spreader features Scotts exclusive EdgeGuard Technology to keep product off landscaping, driveways, and sidewalks
  • Designed to deliver superior results when used with Scotts fertilizer and grass seed products; can be used for salting
  • Comes pre-calibrated and fully assembled with fold-down handle for easy storage

铲雪工具

首先当然是大铲子。铲雪除了铲的动作,还可以推,就是把雪推到旁边去,比铲起来省力。雪铲都是平头的(不像普通的铲子是尖头圆头的),就是为了容易推。

雪铲的尺寸完全看个人的身高体型。铲子头越宽,一次能铲/推的雪就越多,但是相对的也要花更多力气。铲子柄则长短不等,高个子选长柄的,短柄老是要弯腰;个子不高的人就不要选长柄的雪铲。

雪铲的设计

雪铲最重要的两个部分是铲子头和铲子柄。

铲子头

铲子头有两种设计:比较平板的和有点深度像大勺子的。

  • 比较平板的铲子头适合“切割”有一定厚度的雪,但要把雪铲起来就不好着力了。就好像我们吃雪糕,平勺子容易挖,但不好舀。
  • 有点深度的铲子头适合把雪铲起来,也可以把雪推走,在积雪厚度比铲子头矮的时候很好用。

比较下面两个铲子头,就可以看出一个比较平,一个有弧度。

ORIENTOOLS Folding Snow Shovel with D-Grip Handle and Durable Aluminum Edge Blade, Emergency Snow Shovel for Car, Truck, Recreational Vehicle, etc.(Blade 9')
126 个好评
ORIENTOOLS Folding Snow Shovel with D-Grip Handle and Durable Aluminum Edge Blade, Emergency Snow Shovel for Car, Truck, Recreational Vehicle, etc.(Blade 9")
  • Collapsible and Portable: This snow shovel can be folded and expanded by twisting lock for easy storage and carrying, and it is also an ideal accessory for your car, truck, SUV, recreational vehicle, or snowmobile.
  • Multifunctional: This foldable shovel fits well in your vehicle for emergency purposes, you can adjust the shovel handle between 3 states (folding, vertical, horizontal position), which enables multiple uses.
  • User-friendly: Offers you a comfy D shaped grip, so you can get the job done with less power, and the comfortable D-grip can protect your hands from frostbite while using. When not in use, you can also hang it on a hook.
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Suncast SC2700KDD Snow Shovel, Grey, Black
433 个好评
Suncast SC2700KDD Snow Shovel, Grey, Black
  • Blade design combines the elements of a shovel and pusher for optimal snow removal
  • Galvanized steel wear strip protects the integrity of the blade
  • D-grip handle adds comfort to function

铲子柄

比起选铲子头,铲子柄的选择更为重要,直接决定了我们铲完雪第二天能不能上班。

雪铲的材质

通常是塑料、木头、金属组合。有些人会准备金属和塑料雪铲各一把,应付不同情况。

铲子头材质

铲子柄材质

  • 木头手柄。轻巧、坚固、耐用、环保。保养得好可以用很多年。木头会热胀冷缩,所以每年使用前请确保螺丝都紧固。建议一年涂一次亚麻籽油做保养。
  • 玻璃纤维手柄。可能是所有手柄材质里最耐用的,不受天气变化影响,不会生锈,不会弯曲,很难折断,其代价是很重,累死狗。
  • 塑料手柄。如果你力气太小,那么只好选择塑料手柄了。用完存放在室内,不要晒到太阳,也能用挺久的。
  • 金属手柄。通常是由铝等轻质金属制成,或者混合其他金属的合金。用力不当会容易弯曲,不及时晾干也会生锈。

比如下面的几把雪铲,木质手柄、铲子头18寸,重2.85磅;玻璃纤维手柄、铲子头同样18寸,重3磅;铝合金手柄、铲子头10寸,小一点,但重量才1.4磅。

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The Ames Companies, Inc 1627400 Union Tools Poly Snow Shovel, 18-Inch
171 个好评
The Ames Companies, Inc 1627400 Union Tools Poly Snow Shovel, 18-Inch
  • 18-Inch deep blade
  • Made with high-density poly to withstand cold temperatures
  • D-grip handle easily accommodates a gloved hand
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TABOR TOOLS Snow Pusher with Fiberglass Handle, 18 Inch Wide Blade, Snow Shovel with Comfortable D Grip Handle. J219A. (Snow Pusher, Long 35 Inch Handle) 
15 个好评
TABOR TOOLS Snow Pusher with Fiberglass Handle, 18 Inch Wide Blade, Snow Shovel with Comfortable D Grip Handle. J219A. (Snow Pusher, Long 35 Inch Handle) 
  • LARGE SNOW PUSHER for moving large scoops of snow. Durable and lightweight, features an angled rib pattern against sticking.
  • COMFORTABLE NON-SLIP D-GRIP: The non-slip D-handle provides comfort and good grip, and gives enough room to accommodate a gloved hand. D-grip helps secure grip and adds leverage while scooping.
  • STRONG, LIGHTWEIGHT FIBERGLASS HANDLE: The handle is constructed of fiberglass for increased durability and strength. It is just as strong and hefty as a wood shovel, with the added lightweight comfort of a fiberglass handle. Overall, this is a balanced and dependable tool, which will soon become YOUR BEST FRIEND IN WINTER TIME.
V VONTOX Snow Shovel, Detachable Plastic Snow Shovel with D-Grip Handle and Aluminum Edge Blade,Portable Compact for Car, Truck, Outdoor Camping Garden (with Small Snow Shovel Scraper) (Black)
38 个好评
V VONTOX Snow Shovel, Detachable Plastic Snow Shovel with D-Grip Handle and Aluminum Edge Blade,Portable Compact for Car, Truck, Outdoor Camping Garden (with Small Snow Shovel Scraper) (Black)
  • Structure: detachable plastic snow shovel, easy to carry. Snow shovel head pack aluminum alloy protection, it is wear resistant and can shovel some stubborn snow. Greatly improve the service life. cold-resistant -30 ℃.
  • User-friendly Design: size: 31.8 X10.6in, sufficient width to increase the area and speed of the shoveling snow, D-shaped handle, which increases the comfort between the handles, saving effort and comfort. It can also be hung on the hook when not in use. Contain small ice snow shovel scraper.
  • Features: Snow shovel head size:12.6X10.6 in. Handle length is 19.3in. With spring lock, you can install and disassemble with one touch, divided into three sections.Shake hands place for EVA foaming hand, soft and comfortable,easy to grip.

挖车必备 Scraper

上回下冻雨,我车子停了半小时不到,前后左右的镜子就全结冰了,幸好车里有一把 Ice Scraper 和 Brush。真的真的车里放一把吧,良心建议。Scraper 的选择就比较简单了,长度能够得着大半个车窗就行了。

其他的铲雪配件包括保暖的衣服、手套、雪靴、帽子、墨镜等。注意劳逸结合,多用腿力少用腰力。顺便买一把儿童雪铲给娃,也是打发他们的好办法。

有折扣
AstroAI 27” Snow Brush and Detachable Deluxe Ice Scraper with Ergonomic Foam Grip for Cars Winter Snow Removal (Heavy Duty ABS, PC Brush)
582 个好评
AstroAI 27” Snow Brush and Detachable Deluxe Ice Scraper with Ergonomic Foam Grip for Cars Winter Snow Removal (Heavy Duty ABS, PC Brush)
  • BUILT TO LAST: You’ll only need one, the high-strength ABS shaft, PC bristles, and EVA cotton handle have been engineered to withstand heavy snowstorms and temperatures as low as -40°F. Gifts for Women Men Dad Mom.
  • PUSH AND SCRAPE: Brush off snow and scrape under the ice without damaging your windshield! Break up ice with integrated knuckles and easily scrape it away. It can quickly help you brush off loose snow from car windshield, roof, door, hood, and side mirrors.
  • DIVIDE AND CONQUER: Quickly separate the brush and scraper for easier handling or dividing up work; stores easily both while connected and detached
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Subzero 532 Colors May Vary Snow Brush, Fixed Head, Plastic, 26 In
3,663 个好评
Subzero 532 Colors May Vary Snow Brush, Fixed Head, Plastic, 26 In
  • 26 inches long for ample reach and compact storage
  • Features four rows of sturdy plush bristles for removal of heavy snow
  • 4" wide scraper blade with tough ice chippers to break through and clear thick ice
Drivaid Car Snow Brush with Squeegee, 32' to 46.5' Extendable Auto Snow Removal Broom with Ice Scraper, Foam Grip, Telescoping Snow Brush for Car Truck SUV, Red
358 个好评
Drivaid Car Snow Brush with Squeegee, 32" to 46.5" Extendable Auto Snow Removal Broom with Ice Scraper, Foam Grip, Telescoping Snow Brush for Car Truck SUV, Red
  • Material: The telescopic handle is made of sturdy aluminum to reduce bending during cold weather. The foam handle adds extra filler and does not freeze. The ice scraper uses high quality ABS material to break the ice and easily remove the bucket.
  • Brush and Squeegee: Wide 25.3 cm, material PP (cold-resistant- 30 ℃), Brush other end is for rubber scraper .brush head can swivel 270 degrees,allowing you to brush at various horizontal angles.Telescopic 81.5-118cm
  • Easily brush off the snow: Thick bristles help you quickly remove snow from the car’s windshield and windows. Will not hurt your car. Lightweight and portable; easy to store in the rear seat or trunk for easy access and labor saving.

美国应对暴风雪的准备工作和物资 作为一个南方人,刚来美国时我面对暴风雪的准备工作严重不足。 Derek Yang 2019-10-29 4 评论 阅读全文

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2 条评论

  1. 不提Snow plow吗 Snow sport这类的

  2. 不提 snow blower 吗

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