美国常见的非处方胃药

本文编译自 WebMD,点击这里查看原文。胃胀气痛可用二甲基硅油。胃灼热可用抗酸剂。便秘可用大便软化剂或泻药。腹泻拉肚子引起痉挛抽痛,可用洛哌丁胺或次水杨酸铋。

胃胀气痛非处方药

胃胀气痛可用二甲基硅油(simethicone),常见品牌有 Mylanta、Gas-X 等。

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胃灼热非处方药

胃食管反流 GERD 引起的胃灼热,可用抗酸剂(antacid)或减酸剂(acid reducer)。最常见的品牌是 Pepcid。另外很多人服用糖味咀嚼片 Tums,效果也不错。

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便秘非处方药

可用温和的大便软化剂(stool softner)或泻药(laxative)。参见:

胃痉挛抽痛非处方药

因腹泻拉肚子引起的痉挛抽痛,可用:

  • 洛哌丁胺/loperamide,常见品牌有 Imodium 等。
  • 次水杨酸铋/bismuth subsalicylate、常见品牌有 Kaopectate 和 Pepto-Bismol 等。

其他类型的胃痛

可用对乙酰氨基酚(acetaminophen、常见品牌 Tylenol),不要使用非甾体类抗炎药(NSAID),如阿司匹林、布洛芬(Advil、Motrin、Midol)或萘普生(Naprosyn、Aleve、Anaprox)等,因为这些药物会刺激胃。

延伸阅读:《美国常见的 4 类非处方止痛药》。

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