健康医药

美国常见的非处方胃药

本文编译自 WebMD,点击这里查看原文。胃胀气痛可用二甲基硅油。胃灼热可用抗酸剂。便秘可用大便软化剂或泻药。腹泻拉肚子引起痉挛抽痛,可用洛哌丁胺或次水杨酸铋。

胃胀气痛非处方药

胃胀气痛可用二甲基硅油(simethicone),常见品牌有 Mylanta、Gas-X 等。

有折扣
Mylanta Antacid and Gas Relief, Maximum Strength Formula, Classic Flavor, 12 Fluid Ounce
  • New Smooth Creamy Taste and Extra Coating Power
  • Tough on heartburn and Gentle on your body
  • Works on contact
有折扣
Gas-X Extra Strength Peppermint Chewable Tablet for Fast Relief from Gas, Bloating and Discomfort, 48 count
1,239 个好评
Gas-X Extra Strength Peppermint Chewable Tablet for Fast Relief from Gas, Bloating and Discomfort, 48 count
  • Gas-X Extra Strength chewable tablets offer fast relief of gas pressure, bloating, and discomfort
  • Gas-X Chewable tablets for gas and bloating relief are specially formulated with the powerful anti-gas medicine, simethicone
  • Comes in a delicious peppermint creme flavor

胃灼热非处方药

胃食管反流 GERD 引起的胃灼热,可用抗酸剂(antacid)或减酸剂(acid reducer)。最常见的品牌是 Pepcid。另外很多人服用糖味咀嚼片 Tums,效果也不错。

有折扣
Pepcid AC, Maximum Strength 20mg Famotidine, 50 ct
3,792 个好评
Pepcid AC, Maximum Strength 20mg Famotidine, 50 ct
  • 50-count of Maximum Strength Pepcid AC All-Day Heartburn Relief Tablets with famotidine, for the prevention and relief of heartburn
  • Just 1 tablet controls acid all day & all night (based on 9-hour acid control studies during the day and 12-hour acid control studies during the night)
  • Each heartburn relief tablet is specially formulated with 20 milligrams of famotidine, a known acid reducer for maximum strength aid in the relief and prevention of acid indigestion
Tums Antacid Tablets, Ultra 1000, Assorted Fruit, Value Size 160-Count (Pack of 2)
85 个好评
Tums Antacid Tablets, Ultra 1000, Assorted Fruit, Value Size 160-Count (Pack of 2)
  • Ultra 1000 maximum strength
  • Antacid/Calcium supplement tablets
  • Naturally and artificially flavored
# 1
Kirkland Signature Acid Controller 20mg, 250 Count Tablets
3,073 个好评
Kirkland Signature Acid Controller 20mg, 250 Count Tablets
  • The active ingredient in Kirkland Signature Acid Controller Maximum Strength is Tablets, 20 mg, an H2 Blocker. These partially block production of acid in the stomach cells by inhibiting histamine, a substance that stimulates the secretion of stomach acid
  • Over-the-counter and prescription H2 blockers relieve heartburn associated with acid indigestion and sour stomach and prevent meal-induced heartburn.
  • USP 20 mg - Acid Reducer, Compare to Maximum Strength Pepcid
# 2
Amazon Basic Care Maximum Strength Famotidine Tablets 20 mg, Acid Reducer for Heartburn Relief, 200 Count
  • ACTIVE INGREDIENT: This product contains 20 mg of famotidine, an acid reducer for heartburn relief, which compares to the active ingredient in Maximum Strength Pepcid AC.
  • RELIEVES HEARTBURN: Amazon Basic Care Maximum Strength Famotidine Tablets 20 mg help to relieve heartburn due to acid indigestion and sour stomach.
  • PREVENTS HEARTBURN: Taken 10 to 60 minutes ahead of time, Amazon Basic Care Famotidine Tablets 20 mg prevents heartburn due to acid indigestion brought on by eating and drinking certain foods and beverages.

便秘非处方药

可用温和的大便软化剂(stool softner)或泻药(laxative)。参见:

胃痉挛抽痛非处方药

因腹泻拉肚子引起的痉挛抽痛,可用:

  • 洛哌丁胺/loperamide,常见品牌有 Imodium 等。
有折扣# 1
Anti-Diarrheal 2MG 96 Caplets
  • Anti-Diarrheal Loperamide 2mg HCI Caplets. 96 Count bottle
  • Controls the symptoms of diarrhea.
  • Compare to the active ingredient in Imodium A-D.
  • 次水杨酸铋/bismuth subsalicylate、常见品牌有 Kaopectate 和 Pepto-Bismol 等。
# 1
Equate Stomach Relief Caplets 40ct (2)
367 个好评
Equate Stomach Relief Caplets 40ct (2)
  • Pink Bismuth Subsalicylate 262mg
  • Antidiarrheal/Upset Stomach Reliever
  • 5 Symptom relief of Nausea, Heartburn, Indigestion, Upset Stomach, Diarrhea
# 2
Medique 22033 Diotame Tablets, 100 Tablets
240 个好评
Medique 22033 Diotame Tablets, 100 Tablets
  • One Hundred tablets per box
  • Each tablet contains Bismuth Subsalicylate 262Mg
  • Compares to Pepo Dismal chewable tablets

其他类型的胃痛

可用对乙酰氨基酚(acetaminophen、常见品牌 Tylenol),不要使用非甾体类抗炎药(NSAID),如阿司匹林、布洛芬(Advil、Motrin、Midol)或萘普生(Naprosyn、Aleve、Anaprox)等,因为这些药物会刺激胃。

# 1
Tylenol Extra Strength Caplets with 500 mg Acetaminophen, Pain Reliever & Fever Reducer, 100 ct
9,243 个好评
Tylenol Extra Strength Caplets with 500 mg Acetaminophen, Pain Reliever & Fever Reducer, 100 ct
  • 100-count of Tylenol Extra Strength Caplets with 500mg of acetaminophen to provide temporary relief of minor aches and pains and help reduce fever
  • Each extra strength caplet contains 500 mg of acetaminophen for effective, lasting pain relief, and has an excellent safety profile when used as directed
  • Use as a fever reducer and to help provide relief of common pain symptoms including headache, backache, toothache, menstrual cramps and pain caused by the common cold
# 2
Basic Care Extra Strength Pain Relief, Acetaminophen Caplets, 500 mg, 500 Count
  • ACTIVE INGREDIENT: Basic Care Extra Strength Pain Relief's active ingredient is Acetaminophen, 500 mg, which compares to the active ingredient of Extra Strength Tylenol Caplets.
  • PURPOSE: Extra Strength Pain Relief, Acetaminophen Caplets, 500 mg, temporarily relieves minor aches and pains due to: the common cold, headache, backache, minor pain of arthritis, toothache, muscular aches, and premenstrual and menstrual cramps. It also temporarily reduces fever.
  • USE: Acetaminophen may be used as a pain reliever/fever reducer for adults and children 12 years and over.

延伸阅读:《美国常见的4类非处方止痛药》。

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