入冬指南

美国加湿器的种类和选购推荐

如果你晚上睡觉时口干喉咙痛、鼻子呼吸不畅甚至流鼻血,你就要考虑是不是空气太干,要使用加湿器了。我身处美国中部的 Kansas 州,室内湿度夏天30%,冬天只有20%,女儿频繁飙鼻血,医生判断是空气太过干燥所致,建议我使用加湿器。

室内湿度应该是多少?

室内湿度如果低于30%,人会感到不舒服,干燥的空气会导致皮肤发痒、鼻炎加重、眼睛干涩、等。湿度在30-40%之间对大部分人比较合适;室内湿度大于50%容易有霉菌生长。

如果室内太干(尤其是冬天开暖气的时候),增加湿度的好处有:

  • 缓解干燥、疼痛的鼻腔,防止鼻子流血。
  • 保持鼻腔湿润,缓解感冒,过敏和哮喘症状。
  • 减轻烦人的打鼾症状。

哈佛医学院:如何治疗打呼噜 改变生活方式可能有助于缓解打鼾。止鼾牙套、鼻贴、鼻塞可自行购买,医生还可以做微创手术。 Derek Yang | 戴睿可 2020-12-14 0 评论 阅读全文

  • 舒缓干燥,发痒,破裂的皮肤和嘴唇。
  • 减少静电产生。
  • 防止贵重木制家具,地板和乐器开裂和翘曲。
  • 潮湿的空气有助保持家里的热量,降低采暖成本。

加湿器的类型

首先介绍最便宜的一款加湿器,就是放一盆水。不过我家是铺地毯,所以这个选项不考虑。市面上常见的加湿器可基本分为:超声波暖/凉雾,蒸发暖/凉雾,空气清洗机。 前两种主流型号价格在$40-100,后者价格在$140以上。

超声波暖/凉雾加湿器

Ultrasonic Warm/Cool Mist Humidifier,这类加湿器使用金属膜片、以超音速的震动将水雾化,再由加湿器底部的风扇将水雾吹入空气,从而增加空气湿度。凉雾加湿器吹出来的水雾是稍低于室温的。暖雾功能则是在将水加热至80°C左右,再打成水雾,当水雾被吹入房间时,温度会降至40°C左右,产生暖雾的效果。

# 1
LEVOIT Humidifiers for Large Room Bedroom (6L), Warm and Cool Mist Ultrasonic Air Vaporizer for Home Whole House Babies, Customized Humidity, Remote Control, Whisper-Quiet, White
12,246 个好评
LEVOIT Humidifiers for Large Room Bedroom (6L), Warm and Cool Mist Ultrasonic Air Vaporizer for Home Whole House Babies, Customized Humidity, Remote Control, Whisper-Quiet, White
  • Warm & Cool Mist: The humidifier provides both cool mist and warm mist to relieve you from...
  • Auto Mode: The humidifier’s built-in humidity sensor automatically adjusts the mist level to...
  • Aromatherapy: Add your favorite essential oils to the aroma box to give your room a clean, fresh...
# 2
LEVOIT Humidifiers for Large Room Bedroom (6L), Warm and Cool Mist Ultrasonic Air Vaporizer for Home Whole House Babies, Customized Humidity, Remote Control, Whisper-Quiet, Black
770 个好评
LEVOIT Humidifiers for Large Room Bedroom (6L), Warm and Cool Mist Ultrasonic Air Vaporizer for Home Whole House Babies, Customized Humidity, Remote Control, Whisper-Quiet, Black
  • Warm & Cool Mist: The humidifier provides both cool mist and warm mist to relieve you from...
  • Ultra-Quiet Operation: Sleep peacefully throughout the night with the humidifier’s near-silent...
  • Auto Mode: The humidifier’s built-in humidity sensor automatically adjusts the mist level to...
# 3
TaoTronics Humidifiers for Bedroom (6L), Warm and Cool Mist Humidifiers For Home (Top Fill Ultrasonic Air Humidifier, Customized Humidity, Remote Control, Sleep Mode, LED Display, Whisper Quiet)
  • WARM & COOL MIST HUMIDIFIER: The Air humidifier provides both cool mist and warm mist (550ml/hr...
  • AUTOMATIC HUMIDITY MONITORING: The ultrasonic humidifier will automatically work to maintain...
  • EASY TO CLEAN & ESSENTIAL OIL DIFFUSER: Top-Fill Humidifier with a wide opening makes it a breeze to...

蒸发式冷雾加湿器

放一碗水在室温下,它也会慢慢蒸发。蒸发式加湿器 Evaporative Humidifier 只是把这个过程加速扩大,这种加湿器的内部有一个很大的水芯(它占了加湿器绝大部分的体积),水芯吸饱了水,风扇从室内抽入空气,吹过浸湿了的水芯,水分蒸发,含有这些水分的空气再被风扇吹出来,简单来说就是个虹吸原理啦。水分蒸发时吸热,所以这种加湿器吹出来的湿空气比室温低,但这温差人体感觉并不明显。

有折扣# 1
Vornado Evap40 4-Gallon Evaporative Humidifier with Adjustable Humidistat and 3 Speeds
  • OPTIMUM PERFORMANCE — Deep-pitched blades pull large volumes of dry air through two humidifying...
  • LARGE CAPACITY — The 4-gallon capacity provides up to 4-gallons of water output in 24 hours when...
  • SIMPLE CONTROLS — Control panel allows you to select your fan speed (low/750 RPM, medium/1150 RPM,...
# 2
Pure Enrichment MistAire Eva - Mist-Free Evaporative Humidifier (2.8L) with Antimicrobial Filter, 4-Speeds, Large Room Coverage up to 500 sq. ft, and Auto Shut-Off Timer
357 个好评
Pure Enrichment MistAire Eva - Mist-Free Evaporative Humidifier (2.8L) with Antimicrobial Filter, 4-Speeds, Large Room Coverage up to 500 sq. ft, and Auto Shut-Off Timer
  • WHOLE ROOM HUMIDIFICATION: Our energy-saving evaporative mist-free humidifier uses whirlwind fan...
  • 4 FAN SPEEDS & AUTO-OFF TIMER: Achieve the ideal humidity level for your personal comfort with...
  • ANTIMICROBIAL FILTER: Easy-to-install antimicrobial wicking filter helps fight allergies by trapping...
# 3
Honeywell Easy to Care Cool Mist Humidifier, HCM-710,White
717 个好评
Honeywell Easy to Care Cool Mist Humidifier, HCM-710,White
  • Soothing, invisible moisture to relieve dry air discomforts
  • 2 speed settings to adjust moisture output and sound level
  • Runs up to 36 hours per filling on low setting

蒸汽式暖雾加湿器

Vaporizer,内部加热元件将水煮沸、把水蒸气吹入室内,类似于造型奇特的烧水壶(不能喝)。

Vicks Nursery 1 Gallon Vaporizer with Night-Light Warm Steam Vaporizer for Baby Room
5,890 个好评
Vicks Nursery 1 Gallon Vaporizer with Night-Light Warm Steam Vaporizer for Baby Room
  • VICKS WARM STEAM VAPORIZER FOR NURSERY: This warm mist vaporizer is great for kid’s bedrooms or...
  • VICKS HUMIDIFIERS FOR KIDS, ADULTS: This warm steam humidifier helps add moisture into the air. Many...
  • COUGH & CONGESTION RELIEF: When you or your kid has a cold, it can be difficult to sleep through the...
Sunbeam Warm Steam Vaporizer Humidifier Filter-Free, 1388-800-001N
506 个好评
Sunbeam Warm Steam Vaporizer Humidifier Filter-Free, 1388-800-001N
  • 1 gallon capacity
  • Up to 28 hour run time.
  • Filter free operation

空气清洗机

Air washer / Air purifier & humidifier (2 in 1),结合了空气净化和加湿两种功能。加湿器将空气抽入,通过流水或过滤器的方法,去除灰尘、霉菌孢子、花粉等杂质。加湿的过程和蒸发式冷雾加湿器类似,吹出来是清洗和过滤后的干净空气。这类加湿器价格喜人,比如人狠话不多的 Dyson,高大上紫外线消毒,官价 MSRP $499.99

# 1
BONECO H300 - Hybrid Humidifier & Air Purifier, 3-in-1 Air Washer - Removes Contaminants Like Pollen and Smoke - Super Quiet - Multi-Settings Including Baby and Sleep Modes
90 个好评
BONECO H300 - Hybrid Humidifier & Air Purifier, 3-in-1 Air Washer - Removes Contaminants Like Pollen and Smoke - Super Quiet - Multi-Settings Including Baby and Sleep Modes
  • 3-in-1 HYBRID - Operate as a humidifier, air purifier or both. High performance, adjustable hybrid...
  • HIGH CAPACITY FILTER - Remove allergy-causing pollens, contaminants, and odors from your indoor...
  • IDEAL PROFILES AND SETTINGS - Six performance levels and pre-sets, including Auto, Sleep, and Baby...
# 2
Beurer Air Cleaner and Air Humidifier, Air Purifier with Easy Washable Filter for Clean Air, LCD Display, LW110
76 个好评
Beurer Air Cleaner and Air Humidifier, Air Purifier with Easy Washable Filter for Clean Air, LCD Display, LW110
  • BREATHE EASY: 2-in-1 Air Humidifier & Purifier. The Beurer LW110 does it all – it keeps the air...
  • HUMIDIFICATION: The LW110 both purifies & humidifies the air - helping to keep the ambient level of...
  • PURIFICATION: Our LW110 works as a permanent air filter - clean the air of common allergens like...
# 3
ap airpleasure Purifier Air Washer, Air Fresher Aroma Diffuser Odor for Smokers, Dust, Mold, Home and Pets, Air Cleaner with Night Light, Super Quiet and Safety (Black)
192 个好评
ap airpleasure Purifier Air Washer, Air Fresher Aroma Diffuser Odor for Smokers, Dust, Mold, Home and Pets, Air Cleaner with Night Light, Super Quiet and Safety (Black)
  • High Effective Air Purifer: Adapt high technology, quietly moisturizes, high rotation more...
  • Easy to Clean & Big Capacity: 1200ml super large capacity, get rid of the need to repeatedly buy...
  • BPA FREE Material & Big Capacity: Adapted BPA FREE material, just like baby bottle, 1000ml large...
# 1
Dyson 303117-01 AM10 Humidifier, White/Silver
407 个好评
Dyson 303117-01 AM10 Humidifier, White/Silver
  • This refurbished product is tested and certified to look and work like new. The refurbishing process...

加湿器 vs 香薰机

加湿器叫 Humidifier,香薰机叫 Diffuser。两者原理一样,可以把香薰机看成一台迷你加湿器。香薰机水箱容量比较小,适合放在床头,如果要把它当作加湿器来用,需要频繁加水。还有一种能直接把精油雾化的香薰机,不需要加水,这种香薰机就无法当作加湿器使用了。

# 1
URPOWER 2nd Version Essential Oil Diffuser Aroma Essential Oil Cool Mist Humidifier with Adjustable Mist Mode,Waterless Auto Shut-Off and 7 Color LED Lights Changing for Home (White)
67,562 个好评
URPOWER 2nd Version Essential Oil Diffuser Aroma Essential Oil Cool Mist Humidifier with Adjustable Mist Mode,Waterless Auto Shut-Off and 7 Color LED Lights Changing for Home (White)
  • URPOWER New Version: The URPOWER Ultrasonic Aroma Essential Oil Diffuser is an upgraded version. The...
  • Please use 100% pure essential oils with no corrosivity, Ultrasonic aroma essential oil diffuse is...
  • Outlet shouldn’t be inserted cord that exceeds the maximum voltage. Add a few drops of...
# 2
ASAKUKI 500ml Premium, Essential Oil Diffuser, 5 in 1 Ultrasonic Aromatherapy Fragrant Oil Humidifier Vaporizer, Timer and Auto-Off Safety Switch
19,778 个好评
ASAKUKI 500ml Premium, Essential Oil Diffuser, 5 in 1 Ultrasonic Aromatherapy Fragrant Oil Humidifier Vaporizer, Timer and Auto-Off Safety Switch
  • 5-IN-1 AROMATHERAPY DEVICE: This ultrasonic essential oil diffuser is an amazing multifunction...
  • GREATLY IMPROVES AIR QUALITY: Besides its uses in aromatherapy, this essential oil diffuser also...
  • PREMIUM QUALITY MATERIALS: When it comes to our premium essential oil diffusers, we make a point of...
# 3
Homasy Cool Mist Humidifier Diffuser, 2.5L Essential Oil Diffuser, Top Fill Humidifier for Bedroom, Home and Office, Baby Humidifier with Adjustable Mist Output, Sleep Mode, Auto Shut Off
13,583 个好评
Homasy Cool Mist Humidifier Diffuser, 2.5L Essential Oil Diffuser, Top Fill Humidifier for Bedroom, Home and Office, Baby Humidifier with Adjustable Mist Output, Sleep Mode, Auto Shut Off
  • ALSO AN ESSENTIAL OIL HUMIDIFIERS: Essential Oil Compatible, you can directly add some drops of...
  • CONVENIENT TOP-FILL DESIGN: One-piece & top-fill opening design make the humidifier easier to refill...
  • AUTO SHUT OFF & RELIABLE: This cool mist humidifier for bedroom will automatically shut off with red...

选择哪种类型的加湿器

虽然上面介绍了好几种类型的加湿器,其实它们加湿的原理归根结底只有超声波加湿和蒸发加湿两种。两者各有优劣,没有说哪一种好或不好,看个人需求了。当然已经决定要入手 Dyson 的以下可以不看。

外形

蒸发式加湿器内部有一个体积很大的水芯,所以跟同样容量的超声波加湿器相比,蒸发式加湿器的机器体型更大,造型也比较笨重。不是颜值控的话,其实蒸发式加湿器加湿覆盖的面积更大,原因是蒸发式加湿器能使更多的水分融入空气而不是遗留在地面上。

加水方式

常见的是可拆卸式水箱,水箱底部有进水口。加水时需要把水箱倒转,从底部的进水口灌水,充满水后拧上盖子,再翻转回来装上加湿器。有的水箱形状古怪,无法放在洗脸池的水龙头下灌水,必须拿去浴缸,不太方便。也有从顶部灌水的设计(见上面的 Honeywell Top Fill),但比较少见。

水箱容量

水箱容量和加湿量、加湿效率没有关系。水箱容量小的得频繁加水,水箱容量大的一罐水能用几天。

噪音

超声波加湿器和蒸发式加湿器都有风扇,噪音主要是由风扇的电机产生。超音波加湿器风扇较小,声音比蒸发式加湿器小。不过即使是蒸发式加湿器,只要厂家使用好的电机,噪音自然小了。

超声波式加湿器适合放在睡房,晚上有个安静的睡眠环境。蒸发式加湿器声音较明显,适合放在客厅,一般人在客厅进行活动也会发出声音,相比之下加湿器产生的噪音可被忽略。

只要加湿器的声音在36分贝以下,对睡眠基本上没有影响。当然,也要看个人对噪音的耐受度,有的人很在意安静的环境,有的人即使旁边敲锣打鼓还是睡得很好。

矿物质沉淀

这是最困扰我的一个问题。超声波加湿器内部没有过滤器(或者需另配),水中的矿物质会随着水雾吹入室内,在家具和地上形成一层白灰。水质较硬的地区这个现象就更明显。这层矿物质沉淀对健康没有影响,只是难于清理。有些加湿器能购买过滤配件,或使用纯净水。

蒸发式加湿器吹出的是水蒸气而非小水滴,矿物质不会附着在水蒸气里而是留在水芯上,因此房间不会落白灰,但是水芯要定期清洗或更换,是一笔额外支出。

冷雾/暖雾

冷雾还是暖雾加湿器纯粹看个人喜好了,可以购买有暖/凉雾两种功能的加湿器,亲自试一下。暖雾加湿器可稍微提高室内温度,在冬天很舒服,在夏天则会令冷气更耗电。蒸汽式暖雾加湿器虽然价格很便宜,因其是将水加热至沸腾,若被孩子不小心打翻、或是孩子将脸靠近蒸汽出口会烫伤。

细菌滋生

细菌、霉菌在温暖的环境下更容易滋生,比如暖雾加湿器,含有细菌、孢子的水,喷出来是个健康隐患。超声波式暖雾加湿器需要定期清洁消毒,蒸汽式加湿器则因为水已经煮沸,细菌都煮死了,加湿器本身不易滋生细菌,当然如果长期没有开电使用,水箱里残余的水还是会滋生细菌。

日常维护、耗材支出

加湿器是个不太需要维护的电器,不管是哪种原理的加湿器,仍旧需要定期清洁。用白醋兑水清洗水箱和蓄水池,晾干即可。一般人家里都备有白醋,这一步骤的花费很低。

额外的支出主要在于超声波加湿器清理水垢,包括购买水质过滤器、购买净水、购买水垢清洁剂。蒸发式加湿器则是更换水芯的花费,而且得按照型号搭配。按照大约3个月更换一次的频率,一年花在水芯上的钱也要5、60刀,差不多可以买一部新的加湿器了。

BONECO EZCal 7417 Humidifier Cleaner & Descaler, 3 pack,White
795 个好评
BONECO EZCal 7417 Humidifier Cleaner & Descaler, 3 pack,White
  • Simple and safe to use - EZ Cal ensures a clean humidifier and continuous high performance
  • One box includes 3 individual packets
  • Use just one packet per cleaning

附加功能

很多加湿器带有小夜灯功能,我觉得挺有用的。还有的带有时钟、温度计、WiFi(what?),有没有必要为这些附加功能买单,就见仁见智了。

我的使用经验

超声波加湿器运转时噪音很小,是我最满意的一点,但是喷出的水雾会把周围地面和家具洇湿。我曾经用过两台超声波加湿器,都没活过两年。不是产品质量问题,而是我使用不当。我把加湿器放在一个塑料架子上,架子的平面由于是塑料材质比较软,加上加湿器的重量造成一个凹陷,加湿器不稳。还有几次水箱没有放好,造成漏水,水浸入加湿器底部的风扇,风扇无法运转。

Crane USA Hello Kitty Humidifier
6,686 个好评
Crane USA Hello Kitty Humidifier
  • Increases air moisture for easier breathing and relieve of cough, cold, and flu symptoms
  • Ultrasonic cool mist operation does not require a filter to run (demineralization filter available -...
  • 1 gallon water tank runs whisper quiet up to 24 hours

我这次尝试蒸发式加湿器,买的是 Honeywell Cool Moisture Humidifier。它只有两档湿度调节,高档较吵,低档声音明显安静很多,我晚上都是开低档。它的水箱加水口比我拳头还大,加水很方便,但没有夜灯功能。风扇在顶部,不用担心不小心打翻水浸入风扇电机。两个月用下来,加湿效果非常好,我女儿再没有半夜流鼻血。

有折扣
Honeywell Cool Moisture Humidifier, Black, 7
1,151 个好评
Honeywell Cool Moisture Humidifier, Black, 7
  • FILTERED COOL MOISTURE: This humidifier quietly produces an invisible cool mist that helps make you...
  • COOL MOISTURE FOR HOME OR OFFICE: This humidifier is 30% quieter than others. It features 2 speed...
  • HONEYWELL HUMIDIFIERS: Humidity levels in your home between 40-60% can make the air feel warmer &...

配合湿度计,监测室内湿度。我买的是下面这款 ThermoPro TP50 Digital Hygrometer,其实家用的电子湿度计有±5%误差,精度不是特别准备,仅作参考。

ThermoPro TP50 Digital Hygrometer Indoor Thermometer Room Thermometer and Humidity Gauge with Temperature Humidity Monitor
63,680 个好评
ThermoPro TP50 Digital Hygrometer Indoor Thermometer Room Thermometer and Humidity Gauge with Temperature Humidity Monitor
  • 【Air Comfort Indicator】Humidity meter with humidity level icon indicates air condition --...
  • 【High Accuracy and Quickly Refresh】Inside thermometer has high accuracy of ±2~3%RH and ±1°F,...
  • 【High & Low Records】Accurate hygrometer digital thermometer displays high and low temperature &...

扫一扫,分享到朋友圈

3月信用卡开卡奖励汇总
3月信用卡开卡奖励汇总
3月信用卡开卡奖励汇总
美国信用卡的开卡奖励通常是消费满一定数额就赠送现金 statement credit、或一笔高额点数,有的还会同时免首年年费或赠送其他福利。 Cassie Zeng 2021-03-01 8 评论 阅读全文
3月银行开户奖励汇总
3月银行开户奖励汇总
3月银行开户奖励汇总
HSBC, Chase, BOA, Wells Fargo, Citi, PNC 等。美国银行的开户奖励非常实在哦! Cassie Zeng 2021-02-17 42 评论 阅读全文
美国省钱快报〔3/2〕
美国省钱快报〔3/2〕
美国省钱快报〔3/2〕
精选北美合作商家发布的烧钱快报。 Derek Yang | 戴睿可 2021-02-13 0 评论 阅读全文
美国最好的4个购物和海淘返利网站
美国最好的4个购物和海淘返利网站
美国最好的4个购物和海淘返利网站
我从2013年开始用返利网站,截至2021年3月已经返了9万多美元。 Derek Yang | 戴睿可 2020-11-23 217 评论 阅读全文
美国比较好的威州花旗参及选购攻略
美国比较好的威州花旗参及选购攻略
美国比较好的威州花旗参及选购攻略
花旗参即美国人参,是北美地区的本土物种,英文俗名 American Ginseng,主要产地是美国的威斯康辛州和加拿大的安大略省,与中国的人参和韩国的高丽参不同。 Derek Yang | 戴睿可 2020-02-05 19 评论 阅读全文
Fan Zhao:随夫来美五年,育一子一女,现住在 Kansas,爱烘培,爱省钱。

3 条评论

  1. 你好,看了你的推荐我也买了那个honeywell的加湿器。想请问一下滤芯大概多久需要更换一下?谢谢。而且刚开始的时候水蒸发的非常快,开最小档一晚上会没掉一半多,用了两个星期之后,现在开最大档似乎好像也用不了多少水,请问你的有这样的情况吗?

    1. @Vince 我一直用小档,一晚上蒸发掉一半的水。我没开大档,因为声音会吵到我睡觉。滤芯一般3个月换,但如果你看到发黄发黑就马上要换了。

  2. 感谢经验分享!

发表评论

提示:点击验证后方可提交评论。

插入图片