移民生活

做环保、少浪费:Zero Waste 好用的日常用品

Verisk Maplecroft 在2019年6月发布了一份报告,美国做为仅占全球4%人口的国家,却产生了全球12%的固体垃圾,实名担任世界垃圾第一国 [来源]

我的妈妈群里的朋友也发了一个北极熊在垃圾堆里面找食物的视频,引起了大家的共鸣,我们都开始检讨自己,如何能为地球做到更好。我虽然做不到一些网红的 zero waste,但也有亲身试过一些环保的方法和产品,自认为可以 less waste,来跟大家分享一下。

自备购物袋

每个华人家庭是不是都有这么一个抽屉呢?

这应该是最容易做到的了。我没特地去买购物袋,翻翻家里就能找到不少别人送的、买东西送的购物袋。不过我买了一组装蔬果的网袋,这样买散装蔬菜时就不用拿超市的保鲜袋了。回到家,把东西放好,购物袋不脏的就放回车里,脏了就洗一下。有人可能会说,我得用塑料袋装垃圾啊。当然家里一个塑料袋都不用也不现实,像上面的图,就是我家里的真实状态。除了一两个超市塑料袋,我也会把其他东西的包装袋、形状合适的留下来做垃圾袋。

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purifyou Set of 9 Premium Reusable Produce Bags | Fruits, Vegetables, Storage
8,437 个好评
purifyou Set of 9 Premium Reusable Produce Bags | Fruits, Vegetables, Storage
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少购买过度包装的产品

过度包装就是一个商品里三层外三层包得严严实实,根本没必要。比如散装的蔬菜水果,就比包在塑料袋塑料盒里的环保。装在纸盒子里的鸡蛋,也比白色泡沫盒装的环保。亚马逊购物可以选择 “Deliver items in fewest possible packages”,减少打包纸箱。

少用一次性餐具

现代人出外打包少不了,方便、快速、还不用洗碗。如果不能自备饭盒,那么至少自备餐具吧。直接带家里的餐具出门就行了,不必特地买新的。打包的时候跟店员讲不用放餐具就好。我觉得这样的随身套装送人也好看。

Travel Utensils, Tifanso Reusable Utensils with Case, Portable Travel Camping Cutlery Set, 9-Piece including Knife Fork Spoon Chopsticks Cleaning Brush Metal Straws, Stainless Steel Flatware Set
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Travel Utensils, Tifanso Reusable Utensils with Case, Portable Travel Camping Cutlery Set, 9-Piece including Knife Fork Spoon Chopsticks Cleaning Brush Metal Straws, Stainless Steel Flatware Set
  • Service for 1: Comes with 1 Dinner Forks, 1 Tablespoons, 1 Knives, 1 Chopsticks, 1 Cleaning Brush, 1...
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现在流行用不锈钢或硅胶吸管代替塑料吸管,不锈钢吸管可当搅拌棒,喝果汁奶昔啥的有沉淀了可以搅一下,硅胶吸管比较软搅不动。我本身不喜欢不锈钢冷冰冰的口感,所以还是买了几支硅胶吸管,粗得可以吸珍珠那种,虽然我不喝珍珠奶茶。这也看个人习惯,我平时在家会自己打奶昔喝,会用到吸管;出门反而不常买饮料,而是习惯自己带水,我在水瓶里也放了一支吸管。

Reusable Straws,Big Silicone Drinking Straws Fit for 20&30 oz Tumblers Yeti/Rtic/Ozark,12 PCS Extra Long Flexible Curved Straw for Milkshake Smoothies with 3 Cleaning Brushes BPA FREE-No Rubber Taste
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Reusable Straws,Big Silicone Drinking Straws Fit for 20&30 oz Tumblers Yeti/Rtic/Ozark,12 PCS Extra Long Flexible Curved Straw for Milkshake Smoothies with 3 Cleaning Brushes BPA FREE-No Rubber Taste
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可重复使用的杯子和水瓶

不管是用可重复使用的塑料杯,还是不锈钢杯、玻璃杯,关键是要减少喝瓶装水。瓶装水的瓶子不宜重复使用,喝完了只能丢进回收垃圾箱。我有一个玻璃水瓶和一个不锈钢保温瓶,带哪个出门视天气而定。在星爸爸,自带杯子能省一毛钱呢!想想你为环境做的贡献,这一毛钱是不是重如泰山!

美国好用的水壶水杯 市面上便携水杯的选择实在是非常之多,我会按着水杯的不同材质:塑料、不锈钢保温、玻璃来推荐,同时会简单介绍一下每种材质的优缺点。 Cassie Zeng 2019-08-23 0 评论 阅读全文

Letsfit Sports Water Bottle, BPA-Free Tritan Plastic Water Bottle with Locking Flip-Flop Lid, Leakpoof and Dustproof Cap, Carry Loop, 21oz Bottle for Outdoor Hiking Camping Travel
3,110 个好评
Letsfit Sports Water Bottle, BPA-Free Tritan Plastic Water Bottle with Locking Flip-Flop Lid, Leakpoof and Dustproof Cap, Carry Loop, 21oz Bottle for Outdoor Hiking Camping Travel
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Simple Modern 25oz Bolt Sports Water Bottle - Stainless Steel - Double Wall Vacuum Insulated - Leak Proof Bottle Ombre: Sweet Taffy
1,481 个好评
Simple Modern 25oz Bolt Sports Water Bottle - Stainless Steel - Double Wall Vacuum Insulated - Leak Proof Bottle Ombre: Sweet Taffy
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Lifefactory 12-Ounce BPA-Free Glass Water Bottle with Classic Cap and Protective Silicone Sleeve, Kale
1,415 个好评
Lifefactory 12-Ounce BPA-Free Glass Water Bottle with Classic Cap and Protective Silicone Sleeve, Kale
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Zojirushi Stainless Steel Mug, 16oz, Smoky Blue
16,209 个好评
Zojirushi Stainless Steel Mug, 16oz, Smoky Blue
  • Stainless steel vacuum insulation keeps beverages hot or cold for hours
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玻璃保鲜盒替代塑料保鲜盒

虽说要减少用塑料,但不代表你就得把家里的塑料盒都扔了。千万别随便就扔,家里有的东西先用着,也是环保的一种做法。当塑料盒寿命已尽,损坏了,需要买新保鲜盒时,考虑购买玻璃的吧。很多人也担心塑料保鲜盒会有有害物质渗入食物,当然你买质量好的产品是不会析出有害物质的。用玻璃盒就更放心,只要小心轻放,不要骤冷骤热。

美国常见的食物保鲜膜、保鲜袋和保鲜盒 美国的食物保鲜用品种类很多,比如玻璃保鲜盒等等。本文主要分享一下在美国常见的食物保鲜用品。 Cassie Zeng 2019-08-06 0 评论 阅读全文

Glass Food Storage Containers with Lids - 6 Pack, 2 Sizes (35 Oz, 12 Oz) - Meal Prep Lunch Boxes - Microwave, Fridge, Freezer, Dishwasher, Oven Safe - BPA-free - Easy Snap, Airtight and LeakProof Lids
3,321 个好评
Glass Food Storage Containers with Lids - 6 Pack, 2 Sizes (35 Oz, 12 Oz) - Meal Prep Lunch Boxes - Microwave, Fridge, Freezer, Dishwasher, Oven Safe - BPA-free - Easy Snap, Airtight and LeakProof Lids
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硅胶盖子、蜡纸替代保鲜膜

同样的,家里有保鲜膜就先用完它,然后再考虑购买硅胶盖来代替,硅胶可以进微波炉,比会高温融化的保鲜膜更安全。现在也很流行用裹着一层蜂蜡的布来当保鲜膜,它的缺点就是不密封,不耐高温。

硅胶烘焙垫替代烘焙纸、锡纸

烘焙纸、锡纸也属于一次性用品,而且沾了油渍后就只能扔掉,不能回收。硅胶烘焙垫可以按照烤盘大小剪成适当的尺寸,不粘面团面糊,又好洗。但硅胶烘焙垫的传热能力和烘焙纸、锡纸不一样,要调整烘烤温度和时间。

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Amazon Basics Silicone, Non-Stick, Food Safe Baking Mat - Pack of 2
32,606 个好评
Amazon Basics Silicone, Non-Stick, Food Safe Baking Mat - Pack of 2
  • 2 non-stick silicone baking mats for easy and convenient baking
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微粒绒抹布替代厨房纸

我承认,这点我还做得不够,因为厨房纸实在太方便了。 微粒绒抹布 (microfiber cloth)吸水性很好,可机洗,洗干净可以再用,比用厨房纸环保多了。但是它也有不便之处,就是不能和普通衣服一起洗,也不能烘干,否则会破坏纤维,以后就不好用了。我的抹布数量根本凑不满一缸,我也不可能把脏兮兮的抹布累积起来,所以我都是手洗。有时候懒起来我还是会去撕一段厨房纸……

(12-Pack) 16 in. x 16 in. Commercial Grade All-Purpose Microfiber Highly Absorbent, LINT-Free, Streak-Free Cleaning Towels - THE RAG COMPANY (Grey)
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(12-Pack) 16 in. x 16 in. Commercial Grade All-Purpose Microfiber Highly Absorbent, LINT-Free, Streak-Free Cleaning Towels - THE RAG COMPANY (Grey)
  • EXCELLENT QUALITY All-Purpose Microfiber Cleaning Towels with Over 200,000 Fibers Per Square Inch....
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5 Extra Thick Microfiber Cleaning Cloths with 5 Bright Colors, 540 GSM, 12 x 16 Inch, Super Absorbent Towels with Two Color on Two Sides for House, Kitchen, Car, Window
4,573 个好评
5 Extra Thick Microfiber Cleaning Cloths with 5 Bright Colors, 540 GSM, 12 x 16 Inch, Super Absorbent Towels with Two Color on Two Sides for House, Kitchen, Car, Window
  • 【Extra Thick】80% Polyester 20% Polyamide. Double-layer design & 540Gsm. Nearly 3 x thicker and...
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为孩子带午餐

我这里的学校早餐午餐给小朋友用的都是一次性餐具,吃一次饭要用到一个盘子、一套刀叉,刀叉还是封在塑料袋里的,学校提供的餐点很多也是预先包装好的,非常不环保!我虽然没有每天为孩子准备午餐,毕竟妈妈也不是超人,但我有时间都会准备好午餐包,孩子下午拿回家,我把饭盒餐具洗干净,下次再用。其实自己带午餐更营养呢。

美国公立学校午餐真的健康吗? 1945年,杜鲁门总统签署《国家学校午餐法》,为中小学生提供低价、健康的午餐。 Fan Zhao 2019-07-08 7 评论 阅读全文

垃圾分类

中国很多城市都已经开始垃圾分类,美国这方面远远落后啊!我只好自己动手了,本站有一篇文介绍如何做垃圾分类。记得分类前要把瓶子等洗干净,标签撕掉。

美国垃圾分类回收指南 听说最近上海大妈有一句灵魂拷问:你是什么垃圾? Fan Zhao 2019-07-07 0 评论 阅读全文

购买二手产品或和朋友交换

与其冲动下单买新品,不如找找有没有物美价廉的二手交易。One man's trash is another man's treasure. 我喜欢在微信群和 Facebook marketplace 上面找二手,微信群里面很多都是本地大学生,同城交易,定价合理;Facebook marketplace 上面美国人常常放我鸽子,心累。

大家还有什么环保好主意,一起分享吧!

美国卖二手商品的 Mercari App 我半年多在 Mercari 上面卖了22件商品,回收$461.20。 信小信 2019-07-08 2 评论 阅读全文

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