So one part does not become too powerful ／ 以便任何一个分支不会过于强大
Checks and balances ／ 制衡
Separation of powers ／ 三权分立
B: System of Government ／ 政府体制
16. Name the three branches of government.
Legislative, executive, and judicial ／ 立法、行政、司法
Congress, president, and the courts ／ 国会、总统、法院
17. The President of the United States is in charge of which branch of government?
Executive branch ／ 行政
18. What part of the federal government writes laws?
(U.S.) Congress ／ 美国国会
(U.S. or national) legislature ／ 美国立法机构
Legislative branch ／ 立法分支
19. What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?
Senate and House (of Representatives) ／ 参议院和众议院
20. Name one power of the U.S. Congress.*
Writes laws ／ 制定法律
Declares war ／ 宣战
Makes the federal budget ／ 制定联邦政府预算
21. How many U.S. senators are there?
One hundred (100) ／ 一百位
22. How long is a term for a U.S. senator?
Six (6) years ／ 六年
23. Who is one of your state’s U.S. senators now?
Answers will vary.[District of Columbia residents and residents of U.S. territories should answer that D.C. (or the territory where the applicant lives) has no U.S. senators.] ／ 答案因你所在州而异；DC 和美属领地无美国参议员。
24. How many voting members are in the House of Representatives?
Four hundred thirty-five (435) ／ 435 位。
25. How long is a term for a member of the House of Representatives?
Two (2) years ／ 两年
26. Why do U.S. representatives serve shorter terms than U.S. senators?
To more closely follow public opinion ／ 为了更加及时地反映民情。
27. How many senators does each state have?
Two (2) ／ 两名
28. Why does each state have two senators?
Equal representation (for small states) ／ 为了（给较小的州）平等的代表权
The Great Compromise (Connecticut Compromise) ／ 因为伟大的妥协（康涅狄格妥协）
29. Name your U.S. representative.
Answers will vary.[Residents of territories with nonvoting Delegates or Resident Commissioners may provide the name of that Delegate or Commissioner. Also acceptable is any statement that the territory has no (voting) representatives in Congress.] ／ 答案因各州而异。
58. Name one power that is only for the federal government.
Print paper money ／ 印制钞票
Mint coins ／ 铸造硬币
Declare war ／ 宣战
Create an army ／ 建立军队
Make treaties ／ 签订外交协议
Set foreign policy ／ 设定外交政策
59. Name one power that is only for the states.
Provide schooling and education ／ 提供学校与教育
Provide protection (police) ／ 为人民提供保护（警察）
Provide safety (fire departments) ／ 保护人民安全（消防部门）
Give a driver’s license ／ 发放驾照
Approve zoning and land use ／ 批准土地规划与使用
60. What is the purpose of the 10th Amendment?
(It states that the) powers not given to the federal government belong to the states or to the people. ／ 它指出：未赋予联邦政府的权力，将属于州政府或人民。
61. Who is the governor of your state now?*
Answers will vary.[District of Columbia residents should answer that D.C. does not have a governor.] ／ 答案因州而异。DC 特区居民应回答「我们没有州长」。
62. What is the capital of your state?
Answers will vary.[District of Columbia residents should answer that D.C. is not a state and does not have a capital. Residents of U.S. territories should name the capital of the territory.] ／ 答案因州而异。DC 特区居民应回答「DC 不是一个州、没有首府」。
C: Rights and Responsibilities ／ 权利与责任
63. There are four amendments to the U.S. Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.