美国割草机和打边机选购指南

春天到了,大家都出来割草了,几乎每天都听到左右邻居割草的轰鸣声。我是冬天搬进新家的,有几个月不必担心割草问题,但现在不得不去买一部割草机,免得草太长,被市政罚款。

割草机英文叫 Lawn Mower。综合超市如 Walmart、Target、Kmart 都有割草机卖,但型号选择没有 Home DepotMenardsLowe’s 这种专门的家装建材店多。割草机分为下面几种:

手动式割草机 Reel Lawn Mowers

手动的割草机很便宜,100 刀以下,无需加油,不用电,无噪音,不会产生废气污染空气,体积小,容易操作,好收纳。底座宽度在 14-20 寸之间,适合小草坪。缺点是常常割不到草,草叶子容易卡在刀片间,推着推着就卡住推不动。

5% off
American Lawn Mower Company 1304-14 14-Inch 5-Blade Push Reel Lawn Mower
  • 5-blade reel with a cutting width of 14” and durable 10” polymer wheels for maximum...
  • Mechanical lawn mower with an adjustable blade height of 1”-1.75” with scissor action cut
  • Manual grass cutter blades made of heat-treated alloy steel that stays sharp for years

电动式割草机 Electric Mowers

电动割草机噪音比汽油割草机小,不用加油,不用怎么维护。启动容易,重量也较汽油式的轻,底座宽度在 14-20 寸。缺点是听说电机容易烧坏,这点我无法证实,因为我后来买的汽油式。

有线电动割草机 Corded

18% off
Greenworks 12 Amp 20-Inch 3-in-1Electric Corded Lawn Mower, 25022
  • Durable 20-inch steel deck
  • Powerful 12 amp motor cuts through the toughest grass
  • Unlimited run-time with AC corded power

有线割草机不用充电,插电即用,但是电线很碍事,要小心不要绊到电线,有时哪里没割好,推回去割,绕着绕着就把自己跟线绕一起了。一不小心电线卷进下面刀片,会被割断。有线的比较便宜,价格在 100-200 刀。

无线电动割草机 Cordless

10% off
Greenworks 40V 16" Cordless Electric Lawn Mower, 4.0Ah Battery and Charger Included
  • CORDLESS LAWN MOWER – Get more done, faster, with Greenworks electric lawn mowers. This 40v push...
  • LIGHTWEIGHT, EASY TO USE – A lightweight 16” cutting deck allows for easy maneuvering through...
  • VERSATILE – Battery powered lawn mower has a single lever 5-position height adjustment with a...

无线式割草机就是靠充电池了,割草前要记得先充电。免得好不容易找到时间割草结果没电,等充好电又没时间割草了。无线式的价格在 200-500 刀,但电池寿命有限,两三年就要换了,一个新电池也不便宜。

汽油式割草机 Gas Mowers

汽油式割草机的底座宽度都在 21 寸左右,马力比电动式的大,割草快狠准。我在 Menards 看的时候,大部分价格在 200-400 之间,并不比电动式的贵多少。汽油式割草机需要用机油和汽油,包装箱里会自带一瓶机油,等需要更换机油时可以按照说明再去购买。但是汽油就必须自己去加油站买了。

Yard Machines 140cc OHV 21-Inch 2-in-1 Push Walk-Behind Gas Powered Lawn Mower - Perfect for Small to Medium Sized Yards - Side Discharge and Mulching...
  • POWERFUL ENGINE: 140cc reliable engine equipped with recoil start and primer. Battle tested and...
  • MUTLIPLE HEIGHT SETTINGS: Dual lever height adjuster with 6 different height settings. Whether your...
  • 2-IN-1 CUTTING DECK: Side discharge and mulching capabilities.

汽油式割草机跟汽车一样,有前轮驱动(front wheel drive)、后轮驱动(rear wheel drive)和四轮驱动(all wheel drive)。当然四轮驱动的省力点,有坡度的草坪四轮驱动的好处就显出来了。大多数汽油式割草机都带有卷簧启动器,嗡的一声拉动连线就能启动发动机。有一些是电动启动器,好像车子启动那样扭一下就行。

Lawn-Boy 17739 21 in. Variable Speed All-Wheel Drive Gas Walk Behind Self Propelled Lawn Mower, Green
  • Power Source Type: Gasoline-Powered
  • Gross torque of this engine was laboratory rated at 2800 RPM per SAE J1940 by the engine...
  • Larger bag capacity allows you to hold more clippings; thereby allowing you to empty the bag faster...

选购割草机还有一点很重要的是要选择手推式(push)还是自行式(self-propelled),我想总有一天割草的活儿会落在我身上,所以马上选了 self propelled ,省力啊,启动后它自己就会走,我只需要控制方向就好了。

品牌选择方面,一般的牌子有 Remington、Brute、Poulan Pro、Jonsered、Black+Decker、Yard Machines、Lawn-Boy、Greenworks 等,高端点的有 Toro、Honda 等。

乘坐式割草机 Riding Lawn Mowers

如果你的预算有 3000 刀,草坪又很大,那么可以买乘坐式的了。当然我没钱,就不考虑了。我看见邻居用,很拉风的样子。

割草机器人 Robotic Lawn Mower

割草机器人很明显只能用电池驱动了。如果草坪面积大约半公顷,那么可以选这款 Worx WR140 Landroid M 20V Power Share Robotic Lawn Mower。它的底盘宽度约 16 尺,能割到一般割草机割不到的狭窄区域,app 控制,遇到障碍物会后退,感应到下雨了还会自己跑回去充电站休息,真是个聪明的小家伙。同系列有更大的型号,适用于面积更大的草坪。半公顷草坪其实也挺大了,自己去割蛮累的,大概这就是机器人存在的理由了。

WORX Landroid M 20V Power Share Robotic Lawn Mower 1/4 Acre / 10,890 Sq.Ft Power Share- WR140(Battery & Charger Included)
  • [FULLY AUTOMATED] The Landroid M cuts lawns up to ¼ acre all by itself. Just set the charging base,...
  • [WI-FI & APP CONTROLLED] There are many things you can do from the Landroid app: measure your lawn,...
  • [SAME BATTERY, EXPANDABLE POWER] The same battery powers over 75+ 20V, 40V, and 80V lifestyle,...

下面这款 Husqvarna AUTOMOWER 315X Robotic Lawn Mower 除了用 app 控制,还可以搭配 Amazon Alexa or Google Home device。晴天雨天都可以割,适用于半公顷草坪面积,坡度不大于 22 度,草高度不高于 2.4 寸。同系列的 Husqvarna 450XH Automower Robotic Lawn Mower 则可以割 1.25 公顷、草高度 3.6 寸的草坪,还带 GPS!

Husqvarna AUTOMOWER 315X Robotic Lawn Mower
  • Maintain a yard the neighbors will envy with the touch of a button or the command of your voice;...
  • Manage your mower's cutting schedule and track it's exact location with the Automower Connect app...
  • Guided by hidden boundary wires, Automower knows how to smartly maneuver around your yard and when...

割草机的配件

有线电动式割草机可以顺便买一条电源延长线,根据草坪大小可选 50 feet(约 15 米)、100 feet(约 30 米)等。

21% off
Southwire 2588SW0002 Outdoor Cord-12/3 SJTW Heavy Duty 3 Prong Extension Cord-for Commercial Use (50', Yellow), 50 Feet
  • ALL PURPOSE EXTENSION CORD for Indoor and Outdoor use. Great for landscaping, gardening, and...
  • HIGHLY VISIBLE yellow jacket provides extra safety and will not mark floors or walls
  • WATER RESISTANT: Flexible vinyl jacket provides protection of the cord against moisture, abrasion,...

买汽油式割草机的需要另买一个汽油桶,千万不要用家里的牛奶桶、水桶。根据油缸大小,可以买两加仑或五加仑的汽油桶,我买的两加仑的。汽油桶一般是红色的塑料桶,自带管子和漏斗。顺带一提,柴油桶是黄色,煤油桶是蓝色。

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No-Spill 1450 5-Gallon Poly Gas Can (CARB Compliant)
  • Specs: Description: 5 Gallon Fuel Can, Push button control, Auto flow stop, Fastest flow rate in the...
  • Replaces OEM Numbers: No-Spill: 1450, Stihl: NOSPILLCAN 5.0, Toro: 127-3202
  • Stens branded parts are trusted by professional dealers to perform OEM quality repairs. The Stens...

其他配件包括:手套(防止磨出水泡)、护目镜(防止草屑飞入眼睛),耳塞(保护耳朵)。

打边机 Trimmer

割草机没办法割到草坪边缘和篱笆边缘,这时候就需要一架打边机。打边机都是手持的,机头有一条塑料线,高速旋转起到刀片作用。打边机也可以选有线(corded)、无线(cordless)、汽油的,打边直径 8-21 寸,价格 30-300 刀不等。我随便买了个便宜的直径 8 寸、充电式无线打边机,感觉太小了,如果买直径 12-15 寸的就好了,不过就修修边缘,凑合用。

24% off
Greenworks 4 Amp 13" Corded Electric String Trimmer
  • Adjustable telescoping shaft to fit the user’s height. Convenient cord lock to prevent accidental...
  • Lightweight construction
  • Includes a 3 year warranty
21% off
Worx WG163 GT 3.0 20V PowerShare 12" Cordless String Trimmer & Edger (Battery & Charger Included)
  • [TRIMMER & EDGER 2-in-1] Easily converts from a string trimmer to a wheel edger in just seconds
  • [INSTANT LINE FEED] Innovative push button Command Feed spool system for instant line feeding. Plus,...
  • [DO IT ALL WITH THE SAME BATTERY] Worx Power Share is compatible with all Worx 20v and 40v tools,...

至于割下来的碎草需不需要收集起来,要看你的小区,有的要求收拾干净,装进特定的纸袋,由垃圾车收走,这种纸袋得去 Home Depot 等店购买,我记得一块多钱有 5 个袋子;有的则不要求,像我们乡下地方,很多人割完就是散在路边,任风吹走,回归大自然。

春夏草长得快,每个礼拜都要割一次,最少两个礼拜也得割了。割草要选择一个晴天,下雨天不要割,因为湿草会粘在刀片上,堆积到一定程度刀片就转不动了。同理,刚下完雨,草还是湿的时候也不要去割。

如何选择割草机?

买哪种割草机取决于你自己的需要:

  • 草坪只有豆腐块大小的,手动式就行。
  • 草坪大概 2000 尺,不喜欢维护保养就选电动,若希望使用寿命长点就选汽油。想健身的选 push,想省力的选 self-propelled;平地草坪 front wheel drive 或 rear wheel drive 就够了,有坡度则推荐 all wheel drive。
  • 草坪有 4000 尺的,应该是豪宅了,买乘坐式的不是问题了吧。

保养得越好的草坪,对割草机的要求越低。反倒是维护不佳的草坪,对割草机要求更高喔。

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