美国常见的 30 种意大利面及做法

我去吃过蛮多次 Olive Garden 了(一间平价意式餐厅),但它菜单上的意大利面我还是只认识 spaghetti 、 penne 、 lasagne 。遇到不认识的面,我要么不点,要么就用万能词汇 this & that 。说起来还真是不好意思,所以我回家赶快来学习各种意大利面,这样下次就能装……啊不是,就能点些好吃的餐啦。

长意大利面 Long Pasta

下面我找来了很多 YouTube 视频,一方面是让大家更直观地看到这些面长什么样、怎么做、怎么搭配,另一方面就是让大家知道这些意大利语单词如何发音……

先从大家最熟悉的 spaghetti 和跟它长得很像、看起来就是一家人的面开始。

细面 Spaghetti / Angel Hair / Capellini

Spaghetti 是意大利细面,最常见最广为人知的意大利面,跟番茄调味的酱最搭配。 Angel Hair/Capellini  是比 spaghetti 更细的面,纤细程度类似我们的面线。搭配没那么浓郁的酱汁,番茄酱或奶酱都可以,但是要稀薄一点的,或者清汤也可以。

吸管面 Bucatini

Bucatini  是吸管面,比 spaghetti 粗一点,但里面是空心的。由于它空心的结构,可以吸附更多酱汁,所以搭配清爽的酱汁,这样不会太腻。

Barilla Collezione Pasta, Bucatini, 12 Ounce (Pack of 20)
4,736 个好评
Barilla Collezione Pasta, Bucatini, 12 Ounce (Pack of 20)
  • Create authentic Italian pasta dishes that are rich in flavor and imagination
  • Bucatini resembles a thick spaghetti but with a hollow center
  • The shape is formed by pressing pasta dough through bronze dies to provide a texture similar to...

Fettuccine

Fettuccine  是又宽又扁的面,搭配浓郁的奶酱、番茄肉酱(bolognese)、奶油培根酱(carbonara)。

薄宽面 Tagliatelle

Tagliatelle  是跟 fettuccine 差不多、但厚度稍薄的宽面,可以和 fettuccine 互换。

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Rustichella d'Abruzzo Tagliatelle Egg Pasta - 8.8 Ounce
  • Artisan dried pasta crafted in Abruzzo, Italy
  • Supple egg pasta nests; made from free-range eggs, top-quality flours, and Apennine mountain spring...
  • Extruded through bronze rolling pins for a rustic texture that holds sauce beautifully

窄扁面 Linguine

Linguine 是比 fettuccine 细一点的面,搭配意式青酱(pesto)。

短意大利面 Short Pasta

然后是卷卷的面,相对于长面条,我们也把他们叫 short pasta 。 Short pasta 除了可以拌酱,也可以做沙拉(本质上还是拌酱哈)。

蝴蝶面 Farfalle

Farfalle 是蝴蝶面,适合搭配蔬菜、鱼或牛奶做的酱汁,或是用在沙拉里。

Barilla Farfalle Pasta, 16 Oz. Box - Non-GMO Pasta Made with Durum Wheat Semolina - Italy's Number 1 Pasta Brand - Kosher Certified Pasta
  • FARFALLE PASTA: Dating back to the 1500s, originated in the Lombardia and Emilia-Romagna part of...
  • BARILLA PASTA: Made with 100% durum wheat and water to deliver great taste and "al dente" texture...
  • CREATE DELICIOUS PASTA MEALS: Pair farfalle pasta with intense fragrances and flavors—try it with...

螺旋面 Rotini

Rotini 是螺旋面,它的螺旋结构很容易能挂住酱汁,适合搭配不是太浓稠的番茄酱汁、奶酱和以橄榄油为基底的酱汁。

螺旋面 Fusilli

Fusilli 跟上面很像的螺旋面,肉眼基本区分不了,吃法也一样。两者的区别在于制作方法,rotini 是把直面条扭转而来,fusilli 从机器里挤出来的时候已经是螺旋形了。但因为它们太像了,所以不用在意怎么区分,反正知道它们都是螺旋形就好。

风铃面 Campanelle

Campanelle 是风铃面,campanelle 意大利语是风铃花的意思,这种面看起来也很像小铃铛,每一个都有小裙边。 Campanelle 适合搭配奶酱、芝士酱、蔬菜酱,包括豆子、南瓜都和它很搭,甚至肉酱、鱼类、番茄酱汁也可以。

Barilla Campanelle Pasta, 16 oz. Box - Non-GMO Pasta Made with Durum Wheat Semolina - Italy's #1 Pasta Brand - Kosher Certified Pasta
  • CAMPANELLE PASTA: With a delicate but sturdy shape, campanelle pasta, which means "bellflowers" in...
  • BARILLA PASTA: Made with 100% durum wheat and water to deliver great taste and "al dente" texture...
  • CREATE DELICIOUS PASTA MEALS: Pair campanelle pasta with hearty dairy-based pasta sauces, chunky...
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=15JwPKgBgq0

扭面 Gemelli

Gemelli: 看起来像把两条短的 spaghetti 扭在一起,吃法和螺旋面一样。

Barilla Gemelli Pasta, 16 oz. Box - Non-GMO Pasta Made with Durum Wheat Semolina - Italy's #1 Pasta Brand - Kosher Certified Pasta
  • GEMELI PASTA: Small, versatile gemelli pasta twists holds the flavor of pasta sauce while retaining...
  • BARILLA PASTA: Made with 100% durum wheat and water to deliver great taste and "al dente" texture...
  • CREATE DELICIOUS PASTA MEALS: Gemelli pasta is a perfect choice for a pasta salad, or paired with...

翻卷面 Casarecce

Casarecce: 每一根长约寸许,一边向内卷,一边向外卷。如果你看它的横截面,就会看到一个 S 形。 Casarecce 适合搭配青酱。

空心意大利面 Hollow Pasta

通心粉 Elbows/Macaroni

Elbows/Macaroni 是最常见的通心粉。适合放在汤、炖菜里,但在美国最流行的是做成芝士通心粉(即 Mac n’ Cheese),餐馆会用下面的 cellentani,看起来更 fancy 。广东香港一带有用鸡高汤煮通心粉的做法,加上火腿粒、玉米粒、青豆,这些食材是我们冰箱里常备菜,煮起来又很快速方便,是我小时候的 comfort food 。

短管通心粉 Ditalini

Ditalini: 短管通心粉,用来做成汤。蔬菜汤、番茄汤、豆子汤都适合。老外的汤是果腹的,所以会放米面等主食,吃了有饱腹感。小小粒的也适合做成沙拉。

Barilla Ditalini Pasta, 16 oz. Box - Non-GMO Pasta Made with Durum Wheat Semolina - Italy's #1 Pasta Brand - Kosher Certified Pasta
  • Ditalini pasta is a tubular pasta for soup whose name is from the Italian word for "little thimbles"
  • Cook Time: 10 minutes for al dente ditalini soup pasta
  • Serving Size: 8 servings of this small pasta in every box to feed even large families

弹弓通心粉 Cellentani

Cellentani: 比上面多转了几个圈儿像弹弓一样的通心粉。

Barilla Cellentani Pasta, 16 oz. Box - Non-GMO Pasta Made with Durum Wheat Semolina - Italy's #1 Pasta Brand - Kosher Certified Pasta
  • CELLENTANI PASTA: Cellentani is a delightful corkscrew-shaped pasta with a tubular center and ridged...
  • BARILLA PASTA: Made with 100% durum wheat and water to deliver great taste and "al dente" texture...
  • CREATE DELICIOUS PASTA MEALS: Cellentani pasta is a perfect choice for a pasta salad, or paired with...

花纹尖管面 Penne

Penne: 有花纹尖管面,它外面的花纹和空心的结构能挂住很多酱汁,蘑菇酱、番茄酱、肉酱都是常见的搭配,拌上酱之后还可以撒芝士来焗烤。我以前读书时最喜欢是把它拌沙拉。

Barilla Penne Pasta, 16 oz. Box - Non-GMO Pasta Made with Durum Wheat Semolina - Italy's #1 Pasta Brand - Kosher Certified Pasta
  • PENNE PASTA: One of the most famous Italian pasta shapes and loved across Italy, penne, which means...
  • BARILLA PASTA: Made with 100% durum wheat and water to deliver great taste and "al dente" texture...
  • CREATE DELICIOUS PASTA MEALS: Pair penne pasta with a chunkier meat or vegetable-based pasta sauce,...

平滑纹尖管面 Mostaccioli

Mostaccioli: 无花纹尖管面,它没花纹,所以挂不住酱汁,简单清爽的用橄榄油拌一下再调味就很好,当然同样可以做焗烤。

Barilla Mostaccioli Pasta, 16 Oz. Box - Non-GMO Pasta Made With Durum Wheat Semolina - Italy's Number 1 Pasta Brand - Kosher Certified Pasta
  • MOSTACCIOLI PASTA: Mostaccioli pasta is smooth in texture; This pasta is a specialty of the Campania...
  • BARILLA PASTA: Made with 100% durum wheat and water to deliver great taste and "al dente" texture...
  • CREATE DELICIOUS PASTA MEALS: Pair mostaccioli pasta with fresh, light sauces like olive oil or a...

粗管通心粉 Rigatoni

Rigatoni: 粗管花纹通心粉,吃法和 penne 一样。

Barilla Rigatoni Pasta, 16 oz. Box, Non-GMO Pasta Made With Durum Wheat Semolina, Kosher Certified
  • RIGATONI PASTA: Rigatoni pasta was born in Rome and is one of Italy’s most beloved pasta shapes
  • BARILLA PASTA: Made with 100% durum wheat and water to deliver great taste and "al dente" texture...
  • CREATE DELICIOUS PASTA MEALS: Pair rigatoni pasta with chunkier meat or vegetable-based pasta sauce,...

特粗通心粉 Cannelloni

Cannelloni 是特别粗的通心粉,像一个空心的圆柱体。通常做法是在里面塞东西,淋上酱,烤。自己在家做特别麻烦,塞东西那个步骤烦死人。其实意大利人会用 lasagna,就是千层面的那种面片,铺上填料,卷起来成圆筒形,然后淋上酱,烤。在美国,Barilla 牌意面叫它 manicotti;在意大利 manicotti 不属于意大利面,而是 crepe 。

意大利汤面 Soup Pasta

做汤用的意大利面都很小粒,形状也会很可爱。

贝壳面 Conchiglie

Conchiglie (small/medium/jumbo shells): 贝壳面,小贝壳面适合做汤,还有一种巨大的贝壳可以塞东西在里面,在淋上酱汁来烤。

Montebello, Organic Conchiglie, 1 Pound
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  • Organic Conchiglie
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车轮面 Rotelle

Rotelle: 车轮面,顾名思义,截面像车轮一样,造型可爱所以孩子们会喜欢。

Barilla Mini Wheels Pasta, 16 oz. Box - Non-GMO Pasta Made with Durum Wheat Semolina - Italy's Number 1 Pasta Brand - Kosher Certified Pasta
  • MINI WHEELS PASTA: Mini wheels pasta is a miniature version of the wagon wheel pasta, called rotelle...
  • BARILLA PASTA: Made with 100% durum wheat and water to deliver great taste and "al dente" texture...
  • CREATE DELICIOUS PASTA MEALS: The fun shape of mini wheels pasta pairs well with simple sauces the...

猫耳朵面 Orecchiette

Orecchiette: 猫耳朵面,和华人的猫耳朵面形状不太一样,大概是猫的品种不同吧。适合搭配蔬菜为主的酱汁,小孩子应该也会喜欢它的形状。

Barilla Collezione Pasta, Orecchiette, 12 Ounce
  • Orecchiette has a unique domed shape, smooth on the inside and grooved on the outside, that makes it...
  • Our Orecchiette is pressed through a bronze die to provide a coarse texture similar to homemade...
  • Perfect for scooping up hearty sauces and fresh vegetables

米粒面 Orzo

Orzo:  米粒面,试试看把它代替大米,做成炖饭或者汤吧。

Barilla Orzo Pasta, 16 oz. Box, Non-GMO Pasta Made with Durum Wheat Semolina, Kosher Certified, Great for Soups and Pasta Salad
  • ORZO PASTA: Orzo pasta, which means "barley" in Italian, is traditionally used in soups
  • BARILLA PASTA: Made with 100% durum wheat and water to deliver great taste and "al dente" texture...
  • CREATE DELICIOUS PASTA MEALS: Versatile, rice-shaped orzo pasta has been widely adapted by chefs for...

星星面 Pastina

Pastina: 星星面,意大利的小宝宝辅食就会吃星星面哦,其实国内沿海一带也很流行给宝宝吃。

Barilla Pastina Pasta, 12 oz (Pack of 2)
  • 2 - 12 oz boxes of Barilla Pastina Pasta
  • Classic tiny pasta stars that parents first serve as a child's introduction to pasta
  • Cooks in 6 minutes

千层面 Sheet Pasta

面片形状的大家都会想到 lasagna 千层面,有的就是一片大面片,有的会做成卷边。最最经典的焗烤意大利面,面片煮软后,一层面、一层番茄肉酱(bolognese)、一层芝士,如此重复,送进烤箱烤,非常饱腹。

Stouffer's Lasagna with Meat Sauce Frozen Meal
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Stouffer's Lasagna with Meat Sauce Frozen Meal
  • One 10.5 oz box of Stouffer's Lasagna with Meat Sauce Frozen Meal. EBT item in eligible states
  • Stouffers frozen dinner packed with quality ingredients and your favorite homemade flavor
  • Includes 100% pure beef, herb seasoned tomato sauce and real mozzarella cheese

有馅儿的意大利面 Filled Pasta

有馅儿的的意大利面,跟咱们的饺子馄饨异曲同工。自己做很麻烦,去超市冷藏或冷冻部门直接买就好。

馄饨饺 Tortellini

Tortellini: 馄饨饺,形状有点像我们的馄饨,但是小多了,内馅儿通常是肉类、海鲜、芝士和菠菜。传统吃法是煮在鸡汤里,但现代的懒人们用水煮完直接拌上番茄酱汁或奶酱就开吃了。

Buitoni Mixed Cheese Tortellini, Refrigerated Pasta, 20 oz Family Size Package
  • One 20 oz family-size package of Buitoni Mixed Cheese Tortellini Pasta
  • Refrigerated pasta is ideal for ready to eat meals with a seven-minute cook time
  • Stuffed pasta with creamy ricotta, Parmesan and Romano cheeses for a flavorful filling

方饺 Ravioli

Ravioli: 方饺,和 tortellini 的区别就是形状不同,馅儿是差不多的,吃法也差不多。 Ravioli 是用模子压出来的,也有做成圆形或半圆形的。

Buitoni Four Cheese Ravioli, Refrigerated Pasta, 9 oz Package
  • One 9 oz package of Buitoni Four Cheese Ravioli
  • Refrigerated pasta is ideal for ready to eat meals with a five-minute cook time
  • Stuffed pasta with ricotta, mozzarella, Parmesan and Romano cheeses for a creamy filling

土豆面疙瘩 Gnocchi

Gnocchi: 土豆面疙瘩(没馅儿),土豆和面粉鸡蛋做成的面疙瘩,表面有条纹,为了能吸收更多酱汁。吃法就是煮熟,拌上任何你喜欢的酱,番茄酱、肉酱、青酱、奶酱都可以,也就是你家里剩什么酱就拌什么酱。

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Le Veneziane Gluten Free Potato Gnocchi 17.6oz Pack of 3
  • Gluten Free Potato Gnocchi
  • Made in Italy to a traditional recipe
  • Comes in two practical stay-fresh tubs

下次去餐厅,记得打开这篇 cheat sheet,看图点餐!如果想自己煮,超市都能买到干的意大利面,或者在冷藏、冷冻部门买意大利饺子和面疙瘩。

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