美国常见的30种意大利面及做法

我去吃过蛮多次 Olive Garden 了(一间平价意式餐厅),但它菜单上的意大利面我还是只认识 spaghetti、penne、lasagne。遇到不认识的面,我要么不点,要么就用万能词汇 this & that。说起来还真是不好意思,所以我回家赶快来学习各种意大利面,这样下次就能装……啊不是,就能点些好吃的餐啦。

长意大利面 Long Pasta

下面我找来了很多 YouTube 视频,一方面是让大家更直观地看到这些面长什么样、怎么做、怎么搭配,另一方面就是让大家知道这些意大利语单词如何发音……

先从大家最熟悉的 spaghetti 和跟它长得很像、看起来就是一家人的面开始。

细面 Spaghetti / Angel Hair / Capellini

Spaghetti 是意大利细面,最常见最广为人知的意大利面,跟番茄调味的酱最搭配。Angel Hair/Capellini 是比 spaghetti 更细的面,纤细程度类似我们的面线。搭配没那么浓郁的酱汁,番茄酱或奶酱都可以,但是要稀薄一点的,或者清汤也可以。

吸管面 Bucatini

Bucatini 是吸管面,比 spaghetti 粗一点,但里面是空心的。由于它空心的结构,可以吸附更多酱汁,所以搭配清爽的酱汁,这样不会太腻。

Barilla Collezione Pasta, Bucatini, 12 Ounce (Pack of 20)
  • Create authentic Italian pasta dishes that are rich in flavor and imagination
  • Bucatini resembles a thick spaghetti but with a hollow center
  • The shape is formed by pressing pasta dough through bronze dies to provide a texture similar to...

Fettuccine

Fettuccine 是又宽又扁的面,搭配浓郁的奶酱、番茄肉酱(bolognese)、奶油培根酱(carbonara)。

薄宽面 Tagliatelle

Tagliatelle 是跟 fettuccine 差不多、但厚度稍薄的宽面,可以和 fettuccine 互换。

Rustichella d'Abruzzo Tagliatelle Egg Pasta - 8.8 Ounce
  • Artisan dried pasta crafted in Abruzzo, Italy
  • Supple egg pasta nests; made from free-range eggs, top-quality flours, and Apennine mountain spring...
  • Extruded through bronze rolling pins for a rustic texture that holds sauce beautifully

窄扁面 Linguine

Linguine 是比 fettuccine 细一点的面,搭配意式青酱(pesto)。

短意大利面 Short Pasta

然后是卷卷的面,相对于长面条,我们也把他们叫 short pasta。Short pasta 除了可以拌酱,也可以做沙拉(本质上还是拌酱哈)。

蝴蝶面 Farfalle

Farfalle 是蝴蝶面,适合搭配蔬菜、鱼或牛奶做的酱汁,或是用在沙拉里。

螺旋面 Rotini

Rotini 是螺旋面,它的螺旋结构很容易能挂住酱汁,适合搭配不是太浓稠的番茄酱汁、奶酱和以橄榄油为基底的酱汁。

螺旋面 Fusilli

Fusilli 跟上面很像的螺旋面,肉眼基本区分不了,吃法也一样。两者的区别在于制作方法,rotini 是把直面条扭转而来,fusilli 从机器里挤出来的时候已经是螺旋形了。但因为它们太像了,所以不用在意怎么区分,反正知道它们都是螺旋形就好。

风铃面 Campanelle

Campanelle 是风铃面,campanelle 意大利语是风铃花的意思,这种面看起来也很像小铃铛,每一个都有小裙边。Campanelle 适合搭配奶酱、芝士酱、蔬菜酱,包括豆子、南瓜都和它很搭,甚至肉酱、鱼类、番茄酱汁也可以。

Barilla Campanelle Pasta, 16 oz. Box - Non-GMO Pasta Made with Durum Wheat Semolina - Italy's #1 Pasta Brand - Kosher Certified Pasta
  • Barilla Campanelle Pasta is our "bellflower" pasta shape designed to remain sturdy and hold sauce
  • Cook Time: 10 minutes for fresh al dente pasta
  • Serving Size: 8 servings per box, ideal for your entire family
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=15JwPKgBgq0

扭面 Gemelli

Gemelli: 看起来像把两条短的 spaghetti 扭在一起,吃法和螺旋面一样。

Barilla Gemelli Pasta, 16 oz. Box - Non-GMO Pasta Made with Durum Wheat Semolina - Italy's #1 Pasta Brand - Kosher Certified Pasta
  • Simple shape made from two strands of pasta twisted together, means 'twins' in Italian
  • Cooks in 12 minutes
  • Holds sauce well and can be used in a variety of dishes and with any sauce

翻卷面 Casarecce

Casarecce: 每一根长约寸许,一边向内卷,一边向外卷。如果你看它的横截面,就会看到一个S形。Casarecce 适合搭配青酱。

空心意大利面 Hollow Pasta

通心粉 Elbows/Macaroni

Elbows/Macaroni 是最常见的通心粉。适合放在汤、炖菜里,但在美国最流行的是做成芝士通心粉(即 Mac n’ Cheese),餐馆会用下面的 cellentani,看起来更 fancy。广东香港一带有用鸡高汤煮通心粉的做法,加上火腿粒、玉米粒、青豆,这些食材是我们冰箱里常备菜,煮起来又很快速方便,是我小时候的 comfort food。

短管通心粉 Ditalini

Ditalini: 短管通心粉,用来做成汤。蔬菜汤、番茄汤、豆子汤都适合。老外的汤是果腹的,所以会放米面等主食,吃了有饱腹感。小小粒的也适合做成沙拉。

Barilla Ditalini Pasta, 16 oz. Box - Non-GMO Pasta Made with Durum Wheat Semolina - Italy's #1 Pasta Brand - Kosher Certified Pasta
  • Ditalini pasta is a tubular pasta for soup whose name is from the Italian word for "little thimbles"
  • Cook Time: 10 minutes for al dente ditalini soup pasta
  • Serving Size: 8 servings of this small pasta in every box to feed even large families

弹弓通心粉 Cellentani

Cellentani: 比上面多转了几个圈儿像弹弓一样的通心粉。

Barilla Pasta, Cellentani Pasta, Cavatappi Pasta, 16 Ounce
  • Barilla Cellentani Pasta, also known as cavatappi pasta, has a tubular center and ridged surface
  • Cook Time: 11 minutes for cavatappi pasta cooked to al dente perfection
  • Serving Size: 8 fun to eat servings of corkscrew pasta per Classic Blue Box

花纹尖管面 Penne

Penne: 有花纹尖管面,它外面的花纹和空心的结构能挂住很多酱汁,蘑菇酱、番茄酱、肉酱都是常见的搭配,拌上酱之后还可以撒芝士来焗烤。我以前读书时最喜欢是把它拌沙拉。

Barilla Penne Pasta, 16 oz. Box - Non-GMO Pasta Made with Durum Wheat Semolina - Italy's #1 Pasta Brand - Kosher Certified Pasta
  • PENNE PASTA: One of the most famous Italian pasta shapes and loved across Italy, penne, which means...
  • BARILLA PASTA: Made with 100% durum wheat and water to deliver great taste and "al dente" texture...
  • CREATE DELICIOUS PASTA MEALS: Pair penne pasta with a chunkier meat or vegetable-based pasta sauce,...

平滑纹尖管面 Mostaccioli

Mostaccioli: 无花纹尖管面,它没花纹,所以挂不住酱汁,简单清爽的用橄榄油拌一下再调味就很好,当然同样可以做焗烤。

Barilla Mostaccioli Pasta, 16 Oz. Box - Non-GMO Pasta Made With Durum Wheat Semolina - Italy's Number 1 Pasta Brand - Kosher Certified Pasta
  • MOSTACCIOLI PASTA: Mostaccioli pasta is smooth in texture; This pasta is a specialty of the Campania...
  • BARILLA PASTA: Made with 100% durum wheat and water to deliver great taste and "al dente" texture...
  • CREATE DELICIOUS PASTA MEALS: Pair mostaccioli pasta with fresh, light sauces like olive oil or a...

粗管通心粉 Rigatoni

Rigatoni: 粗管花纹通心粉,吃法和 penne 一样。

Barilla Pasta, Rigatoni, 16 Ounce
  • Wide ridged pasta that captures flavor as well as chunks of sauce
  • Cooks in 10 minutes
  • Pairs well with chunky sauces as the large shape can carry these

特粗通心粉 Cannelloni

Cannelloni 是特别粗的通心粉,像一个空心的圆柱体。通常做法是在里面塞东西,淋上酱,烤。自己在家做特别麻烦,塞东西那个步骤烦死人。其实意大利人会用 lasagna,就是千层面的那种面片,铺上填料,卷起来成圆筒形,然后淋上酱,烤。在美国,Barilla 牌意面叫它 manicotti;在意大利 manicotti 不属于意大利面,而是 crepe。

意大利汤面 Soup Pasta

做汤用的意大利面都很小粒,形状也会很可爱。

贝壳面 Conchiglie

Conchiglie (small/medium/jumbo shells): 贝壳面,小贝壳面适合做汤,还有一种巨大的贝壳可以塞东西在里面,在淋上酱汁来烤。

Montebello, Organic Conchiglie, 1 Pound
  • Brought to you by Whole Foods Market
  • Organic Conchiglie
  • Imported from Italy

车轮面 Rotelle

Rotelle: 车轮面,顾名思义,截面像车轮一样,造型可爱所以孩子们会喜欢。

Barilla Pasta, Mini Wheels Pasta, Rotelle, One 16 Ounce Box of Small Pasta
  • Also known as rotelle, Barilla's mini wagon wheel pasta is a unique small pasta for all occasions
  • Cook Time: 7 minutes for al dente Rotelle
  • Serving Size: 8 servings of wagon wheel pasta in each box

猫耳朵面 Orecchiette

Orecchiette: 猫耳朵面,和华人的猫耳朵面形状不太一样,大概是猫的品种不同吧。适合搭配蔬菜为主的酱汁,小孩子应该也会喜欢它的形状。

Barilla Collezione Pasta, Orecchiette, 12 Ounce
  • Orecchiette has a unique domed shape, smooth on the inside and grooved on the outside, that makes it...
  • Our Orecchiette is pressed through a bronze die to provide a coarse texture similar to homemade...
  • Perfect for scooping up hearty sauces and fresh vegetables

米粒面 Orzo

Orzo: 米粒面,试试看把它代替大米,做成炖饭或者汤吧。

Barilla Pasta, Orzo, 16 Ounce
  • ORZO PASTA: Orzo pasta, which means "barley" in Italian, is traditionally used in soups
  • BARILLA PASTA: Made with 100% durum wheat and water to deliver great taste and "al dente" texture...
  • CREATE DELICIOUS PASTA MEALS: Versatile, rice-shaped orzo pasta has been widely adapted by chefs for...

星星面 Pastina

Pastina: 星星面,意大利的小宝宝辅食就会吃星星面哦,其实国内沿海一带也很流行给宝宝吃。

Barilla Pastina Pasta, 12 oz (Pack of 2)
  • 2 - 12 oz boxes of Barilla Pastina Pasta
  • Classic tiny pasta stars that parents first serve as a child's introduction to pasta
  • Cooks in 6 minutes

千层面 Sheet Pasta

面片形状的大家都会想到 lasagna 千层面,有的就是一片大面片,有的会做成卷边。最最经典的焗烤意大利面,面片煮软后,一层面、一层番茄肉酱(bolognese)、一层芝士,如此重复,送进烤箱烤,非常饱腹。

Stouffer's Lasagna with Meat Sauce Frozen Meal
  • One 10.5 oz box of Stouffer's Lasagna with Meat Sauce Frozen Meal. EBT item in eligible states
  • Stouffers frozen dinner packed with quality ingredients and your favorite homemade flavor
  • Includes 100% pure beef, herb seasoned tomato sauce and real mozzarella cheese

有馅儿的意大利面 Filled Pasta

有馅儿的的意大利面,跟咱们的饺子馄饨异曲同工。自己做很麻烦,去超市冷藏或冷冻部门直接买就好。

馄饨饺 Tortellini

Tortellini: 馄饨饺,形状有点像我们的馄饨,但是小多了,内馅儿通常是肉类、海鲜、芝士和菠菜。传统吃法是煮在鸡汤里,但现代的懒人们用水煮完直接拌上番茄酱汁或奶酱就开吃了。

Buitoni Mixed Cheese Tortellini, Refrigerated Pasta, 20 oz Family Size Package
  • One 20 oz family-size package of Buitoni Mixed Cheese Tortellini Pasta
  • Refrigerated pasta is ideal for ready to eat meals with a seven-minute cook time
  • Stuffed pasta with creamy ricotta, Parmesan and Romano cheeses for a flavorful filling

方饺 Ravioli

Ravioli: 方饺,和 tortellini 的区别就是形状不同,馅儿是差不多的,吃法也差不多。Ravioli 是用模子压出来的,也有做成圆形或半圆形的。

Buitoni Four Cheese Ravioli, Refrigerated Pasta, 9 oz Package
  • One 9 oz package of Buitoni Four Cheese Ravioli
  • Refrigerated pasta is ideal for ready to eat meals with a five-minute cook time
  • Stuffed pasta with ricotta, mozzarella, Parmesan and Romano cheeses for a creamy filling

土豆面疙瘩 Gnocchi

Gnocchi: 土豆面疙瘩(没馅儿),土豆和面粉鸡蛋做成的面疙瘩,表面有条纹,为了能吸收更多酱汁。吃法就是煮熟,拌上任何你喜欢的酱,番茄酱、肉酱、青酱、奶酱都可以,也就是你家里剩什么酱就拌什么酱。

Le Veneziane Gluten Free Potato Gnocchi 17.6oz Pack of 3
  • Gluten Free Potato Gnocchi
  • Made in Italy to a traditional recipe
  • Comes in two practical stay-fresh tubs

下次去餐厅,记得打开这篇 cheat sheet,看图点餐!如果想自己煮,超市都能买到干的意大利面,或者在冷藏、冷冻部门买意大利饺子和面疙瘩。

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