在美国牙龈发炎和牙疼用什么消炎止痛药?

今天有读者问:「牙龈发炎在美国不知道买哪个消炎药?特别着急!」

Advil + Tylenol 的效果很好 — 有研究说比鸦片类药物更有效且副作用更小。

美国常见的非处方消炎药及抗炎食谱

Advil + Tylenol 对牙疼的效果很好

WebMD 有篇文章:「Advil + Tylenol Better Than Opioids for Oral Pain」。牙齿和口腔疼痛,使用 Advil(布洛芬)和 Tylenol(对乙酰氨基酚)的效果比鸦片类镇痛药更好。它们能更好地缓解疼痛,并且副作用更小。

凯斯西储大学(Case Western Reserve University)牙科学院的 Anita Aminoshariae 团队分析了 460 篇研究之后发现,400 毫克布洛芬 + 1,000 毫克对乙酰氨基酚,在成年人中比维柯丁(Vicodin)和奥施康定(Oxycontin)等鸦片类镇痛药的效果更好。

他们还发现,在成人和儿童中,鸦片类药物引起了大量的副作用,包括嗜睡、呼吸系统问题、恶心呕吐、便秘等。而布洛芬(Advil)等非甾体抗炎药,不管是否与对乙酰氨基酚(Tylenol)同时使用,最好地平衡了效果和弊端,既降低了急性不良事件的机率、又非常有效。

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泰诺 Tylenol、美林 Motrin 和安舒疼 Advil 的用量与注意事项》 《美国常见的4类非处方止痛药

我的建议

回到这位读者的问题:如果牙龈发炎不严重的话,可以交替使用布洛芬(Advil)和泰诺(Tylenol),但要十分注意用量。严重的话,尽快看牙医。即使不严重,也建议有空时看牙医。

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