共产党员是否可以申请美国移民绿卡?

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今天有读者问:「如果是党员,申请 EB 是不是会被拒?」

美国移民法对此的规定

根据 (INA) §212(a)(3)(D)

(i) In general.-Any immigrant who is or has been a member of or affiliated
with the Communist or any other totalitarian party (or subdivision or affiliate
thereof), domestic or foreign, is inadmissible.

(ii) Exception for involuntary membership.-Clause (i) shall not apply to an
alien because of membership or affiliation if the alien establishes to the
satisfaction of the consular officer when applying for a visa (or to the
satisfaction of the Attorney General when applying for admission) that the
membership or affiliation is or was involuntary, or is or was solely when under
16 years of age, by operation of law, or for purposes of obtaining employment,
food rations, or other essentials of living and whether necessary for such
purposes.

(iii) Exception for past membership.-Clause (i) shall not apply to an alien
because of membership or affiliation if the alien establishes to the
satisfaction of the consular officer when applying for a visa (or to the
satisfaction of the Attorney General when applying for admission) that-

(I) the membership or affiliation terminated at least-

(aa) 2 years before the date of such application, or

(bb) 5 years before the date of such application, in the case of an alien
whose membership or affiliation was with the party controlling the government of
a foreign state that is a totalitarian dictatorship as of such date, and

(II) the alien is not a threat to the security of the United States.

(iv) Exception for close family members.-The Attorney General may, in the
Attorney General's discretion, waive the application of clause (i) in the case
of an immigrant who is the parent, spouse, son, daughter, brother, or sister of
a citizen of the United States or a spouse, son, or daughter of an alien
lawfully admitted for permanent residence for humanitarian purposes, to assure
family unity, or when it is otherwise in the public interest if the immigrant is
not a threat to the security of the United States.

简要翻译和说明

  • 共产党员不可移民美国(不仅限于 EB 类别)。
  • 例外情形一:(a) 非自愿入党;(b) 低于16岁入党;(c) 为了糊口而不得不入党。
  • 例外情形二:(a) 申请时已退党2年以上;若该党为极权国家的执政党,则要退党5年以上;并且 (b) 申请人不会给美国带来国家安全威胁。
  • 例外情形三:若申请人为“close family members”,含义是美国公民的父母、配偶、子女、兄弟姐妹,或因人道主义获得绿卡的永久居民的配偶和子女,即使其为共产党员,司法部长也有权批准(当然也有权拒绝)其绿卡申请。

美国移民的途径参见这篇文章;绿卡排期参见这篇文章

是否可以隐瞒党员身份?

答:向 USCIS 撒谎是违法的,若被移民官员认定在申请过程中有 fraud/willful misrepresentation,申请将被拒绝,并且申请人终身不得入境美国,参见这里。建议你请个经验丰富的移民律师讨论你的可行方案。

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生于湘西农村,毕业于北京大学,曾在广东省中山电视台、北京盛唐传扬公关公司、迪思传媒集团工作,2012 年底搬到美国首都华府,两个儿子都在 Arlington 出生,先后在 Falls Church 和 Vienna 买了两套房。「美国攻略」给新移民提供实用可靠的美国生活信息,很多是亲身经历。如果你经常网上购物,记得用 Rebate 返利,我几年来返了6万多美元。回国探亲请参考《回国礼物攻略》。另外,我还撰写博客「戴睿可美国日记」,偶尔在微信上发一些琐事。如果你觉得本站内容有用,欢迎点击这里订阅

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