USCIS 对提交 I-485 的官方要求
In general, if you are filing as a beneficiary of an immigrant visa petition (such as Form I-130, Form I-140, or FormI-360), you may file an adjustment application only after USCIS has approved your petition and an immigrant visa number is immediately available. There are, however, some immigrant categories that allow you to file Form I-485 before USCIS approves your petition (this is known as “concurrent filing”), provided that approval of the petition would make a visa number immediately available and you meet all other filing requirements.
- 通常情况下，I-130/I-140 批准之后才能递交I-485。
- ①部分移民类别、在②有签证名额的情况下，可以在 I-130/140 批准之前就递交 I-485，即 concurrent filing。
什么是 Concurrent Filing
- 若表A有排期，你可以同时提交 I-485 和 I-130/140，无需等到 I-130/140 批准。
- 若表B有排期、且表B适用时，你也可以同时提交 I-485 和 I-130/140。
在法律问答网站 Avvo 上有人询问：“I have green card and applied I-130 for my spouse 6 month ago which is in pending. Now, F2A is became current , can I apply I-485 or should I wait for I-130 approval.” 洛杉矶从业40多年的移民律师 Carl Shusterman 回答：“If your spouse is in lawful status, he should submit his I-485 immediately.” 当 I-130 还在 pending、出现排期的时候，只要申请人有 lawful status，可立刻递交 I-485。
另一人询问：“Should I had applied I-485 when my husband(LPR) filed I-130 for me? Can I apply I-485 along with a receipt of I-130 now?”纽约移民律师 Ajay K. Arora 回答：“If the priority date is current for the F2A category based on your country of chargeability, go ahead and file the I-485 package now, assuming that you are maintaining nonimmigrant status if married to a LPR.”
此外，一个移民知识博客（就是说没那么可靠、仅供参考）也持类似的观点，并明确建议：①先提交 I-130 获得 priority date，等到有排期之后②立刻提交 I485。
Q. Can I-485 be filed if I-130 is still pending?
A. Yes, USCIS allows concurrent filing of I-130 and I-485 application. This means that you can file I-130 and I-485 at the same time ONLY if F2A category is current. Since F2A category is generally retrogressed, applicant first file I-130 to establish PD. Once the PD is current they file I-485 application. You can file I-485 application when your PD is current; even if I-130 is still pending. Do not file I-485 application if PD is not current.
从我看到的比较可靠的资料来看，提交 I-130/I-140 之后、尚未批准之前，若出现排期、且申请人合法停留在美国境内，可及时提交 I-485，无需等到 I-130/I-140 批准。本文并非法律建议，若不放心，请咨询移民律师。