健康医药

美国药监局:孕期女性可以安全服用的常见药物

根据美国疾病控制和预防中心(Centers for Disease Control / CDC)的统计,90%的女性在怀孕期间服用过药物 [来源]。美国食品和药物管理局(FDA)对非处方药和处方药进行了分类 A/B/C/D/X 五大类,其中 A/B/C 类药物通常认为在怀孕期间也可「安全」服用 [来源]。但所谓「安全」并非「零风险」,而指通过对动物或人类研究发现,服用这些药物的好处大过其风险。

FDA 药物分类及风险提示

分类风险提示
A孕妇的对照研究显示,孕早期或妊娠晚期服用该类药物对胎儿没有风险。
B动物研究未显示对胎儿的不良影响,无孕妇对照研究;或动物研究表明,妊娠早期妇女服用该类药物未证实有不良影响。
C动物研究显示,该类药物可能对胎儿有不良影响;以及无妇女对照研究或无妇女/动物相关研究。这类药物需谨慎使用。
D动物或人类研究中发现存在对胎儿有风险;在危及生命等极端情况下,如服药益处超过风险,则仍可使用此类别的药物。
X动物或人体研究已证实不良反应;或公众已经发现存在不良反应。该类药物的风险超过益处,因此不适用于已怀孕或可能怀孕的女性。

下面是一些病症和怀孕期间也能服用的药物,对孕妇和胎儿还没有已知的风险记录 [来源]。如果你正在考虑服用以下或其他药物,请先咨询医生。孕期安全用药的关键是与医生保持沟通

孕妇疼痛或头痛

我们在《美国常见的4类非处方止痛药》中讲过:对乙酰氨基酚(Acetaminophen,品牌名「泰诺」 “Tylenol”,B类药物)是孕期中首选的止痛药,应用广泛,几乎无副作用记录。

泰诺 / Tylenol 购买

孕期中应避免使用的2种止痛药有:阿司匹林 Aspirin 和 NSAIDs(非甾[zāi]体类抗炎药)。NSAIDs 包括:布洛芬(ibuprofen)、酮洛芬(ketoprofen)和萘普生(naproxen)等。参见:《FDA 警告非甾体类抗炎药导致胎儿肾脏问题风险》。

孕期中服用阿片类(opioids)药物会导致新生儿戒断综合症(NAS) [来源],即胎儿成瘾,出生后由于离开母体原有环境、药物供应中断而出现戒断症状。如孕期接受手术,医生可能会开些处方阿片类药物用于缓解疼痛,这时请勿必遵医嘱按时按量服用。

延伸阅读:《美国预防偏头痛的保健品及用药知识》。

孕妇可以服用的感冒

怀孕后12周内慎用感冒药,减少对胎儿的潜在影响。孕期可以服用、较安全的感冒药有:

  • 普通咳嗽糖浆,如维克斯 Vicks。
Vicks Dayquil and Nyquil Cough, Cold and Flu Relief, 72 LiquiCaps (48 Dayquil, 24 Nyquil) - Sore Throat, Fever, and Congestion Relief
1,248 个好评
Vicks Dayquil and Nyquil Cough, Cold and Flu Relief, 72 LiquiCaps (48 Dayquil, 24 Nyquil) - Sore Throat, Fever, and Congestion Relief
  • Powerful cold symptom relief, day or night. Get powerful 6-symptom relief with DayQuil/NyQuil...
  • Dayquil non-drowsy, multi-symptom daytime relief. Temporarily relieves common cold & Flu symptoms,...
  • Nyquil nighttime relief. Temporarily relieves common cold & Flu symptoms, including cough due to...
  • 右美沙芬(dextromethorphan;品牌如 Robitussin; C类 )和右美沙芬-愈创甘油醚(dextromethorphan-guaifenesin;品牌如 Robitussin DM; C类)止咳糖浆。
Robitussin Maximum Strength Cough and Chest Congestion DM Non-Drowsy Liquid Box, 8 Fluid Ounce
1,754 个好评
Robitussin Maximum Strength Cough and Chest Congestion DM Non-Drowsy Liquid Box, 8 Fluid Ounce
  • Robitussin Adult Maximum Strength Cough + Chest Congestion DM Max (8 fl. oz. Bottle), Non-Drowsy...
  • Cough suppressant for non-drowsy control and relief for cough and an expectorant for relief of chest...
  • Maximum-strength formula with expectorant that thins and loosens mucus for productive coughs
  • 泰诺 Tylenol (B类)可以缓解疼痛和退烧。

感冒时,最难过的症状大概要数鼻塞,我自己每次感冒就鼻塞得好像快要溺水似的。Sudafed 速达菲鼻喷剂对缓解感冒或者过敏造成的鼻塞很有效。Sudafed 中含有「伪麻黄碱」(Pseudoephedrine)活性成分,它是一种血管收缩剂,可以使鼻腔内的血管收缩,让充血肿胀的鼻腔恢复正常,促使鼻窦内的液体流出鼻腔,以达到令呼吸顺畅的目的。

然而,伪麻黄碱可能会升高血压,影响子宫到胎儿的供血。孕期中使用含有伪麻黄碱成分的药品,通常认为可能安全,但此类药物未经 FDA 分类,特别是当你有高血压等健康问题时,请勿必在使用前咨询医生。

另外,尽管 Sudafed 不是处方药,但在美国药房购买时,需要购买人出示 Photo ID,并且对购买数量也有限制。在 Amazon 上只能买到 Sudafed PE,成分中用苯肾上腺素(Phenylephrine,也是一种血管收缩剂)代替了伪麻黄碱。

Sudafed PE Sinus Pressure + Pain Relief Maximum Strength Non-Drowsy Decongestant, 24 ct
1,950 个好评
Sudafed PE Sinus Pressure + Pain Relief Maximum Strength Non-Drowsy Decongestant, 24 ct
  • 24-count box of Sudafed PE Sinus Pressure + Pain Relief Maximum Strength Non-Drowsy Decongestant...
  • Each caplet contains 5 milligrams of the decongestant phenylephrine HCl and 325 milligrams of...
  • This sinus congestion & pain medicine also temporarily relieves nasal congestion associated with hay...

普通感冒都有自限性,病程7~12天自然会好。而感冒药大都以缓解症状为目的,并不会缩短病程。

延伸阅读:《美国常见的感冒和退烧药介绍》。

孕期如果感冒了,也可以采取一些生活调理办法来减轻感冒症状:

  • 充分休息。
  • 多喝温水,也可以喝茶或汤,让身体保持水分。
  • 用淡盐水漱口,缓解喉咙疼痛。
  • 用盐水滴鼻剂,清理鼻腔,缓解鼻塞。
  • 使用加湿器,提高环境湿度。
  • 用薄荷醇涂抹胸前、喉咙下和后背,薄荷醇挥发产生的气体可以缓解鼻塞、流涕等。
  • 用专门的鼻贴来扩张鼻腔,改善鼻塞。如 Breathe Right Nasal Strips,这是葛兰素史克旗下公司研发的无药性外用产品,是美国药剂师最推荐的鼻贴类产品 [资料]
购买
  • 服用止咳嘀液(cough drops)或止咳含片。

孕妇胃灼热和胃酸反流

含有海藻酸(alginic acid)、铝(aluminum)、镁(magnesium)和钙(calcium)的 OTC 抗酸剂(antacids),在孕期中服用通常认为是安全的:

  • 氢氧化铝-氢氧化镁(aluminum hydroxide-magnesium hydroxide)
  • 碳酸钙(calcium carbonate):如 Tums (C类)
有折扣
TUMS Ultra Strength Antacid Tablets for Chewable Heartburn Relief and Acid Indigestion Relief, Assorted Fruit - 160 Count
5,715 个好评
TUMS Ultra Strength Antacid Tablets for Chewable Heartburn Relief and Acid Indigestion Relief, Assorted Fruit - 160 Count
  • Contents: 1 bottle containing 160 TUMS Ultra Strength Antacid Tablets for Chewable Heartburn Relief...
  • Multi-Symptom Relief: This heartburn medicine treats the four signs of heartburn: burning in the...
  • Fast And Powerful Strength: Nothing works faster! These calcium carbonate tablets go to work...
  • 二甲基硅油(simethicone):如 Mylanta (C类)
有折扣
Mylanta Antacid and Gas Relief, Maximum Strength Formula, Classic Flavor, 12 Fluid Ounce
  • New Smooth Creamy Taste and Extra Coating Power
  • Tough on heartburn and Gentle on your body
  • Works on contact
  • 法莫替丁(famotidine):如 Pepcid (B类)
有折扣
Pepcid AC, Maximum Strength 20mg Famotidine, 50 ct
3,792 个好评
Pepcid AC, Maximum Strength 20mg Famotidine, 50 ct
  • 50-count of Maximum Strength Pepcid AC All-Day Heartburn Relief Tablets with famotidine, for the...
  • Just 1 tablet controls acid all day & all night (based on 9-hour acid control studies during the day...
  • Each heartburn relief tablet is specially formulated with 20 milligrams of famotidine, a known acid...

有助于消除胃灼热的生活调理办法有:

  • 穿宽松的衣服,减少对腹部的压力。
  • 记录饮食,以便分辨可能引发胃反流的食物。
  • 饭后3小时内不要躺下。
  • 睡觉前不要吃东西。
  • 睡觉时头部垫高一些。
  • 少食多餐。

如果孕期中发现胃灼热变得频繁和严重,则需要尽快就医。在极少数情况下,胃灼热可能是 HELLP 综合症的症状。HELLP 综合症是妊娠期高血压疾病的严重并发症,常发生在妊娠20周以后。

孕妇过敏

轻度过敏通常不需要用药,通过调整生活方式就可以得到缓解。但如果需要用药,以下 OTC 口服抗组胺药(oral antihistamines)在孕期中服用通常被认为是安全的:

  • 苯海拉明(diphenhydramine):如 Benadryl(B类)
有折扣# 1
Benadryl Ultratabs Antihistamine Allergy Relief Tablets, Diphenhydramine HCl 25mg, 100 ct
8,648 个好评
Benadryl Ultratabs Antihistamine Allergy Relief Tablets, Diphenhydramine HCl 25mg, 100 ct
  • 100-count pack of Benadryl Ultratabs Antihistamine Allergy Relief Tablets each containing 25 mg of...
  • Active ingredient, diphenhydramine HCl, provides relief for hay fever or other upper respiratory...
  • Works when you need it most with an allergy medicine in small, convenient antihistamine tablets that...
  • 氯苯那敏(chlorpheniramine ):如 Chlor-Trimeton(B类)
  • 氯雷他定(loratadine):如 Claritin 和 Alavert(B类)
有折扣# 1
GoodSense Allergy Relief Loratadine Tablets, 10 mg, 365 Count Allergy Pills for Allergy Relief
  • APPROVED FOR INDOOR AND OUTDOOR ALLERGY RELIEF: The active ingredient in GoodSense Allergy Relief is...
  • 24-HOUR RELIEF: Each allergy pill contains 10 mg of Loratadine, the original prescription strength....
  • ALLERGY MEDICINE: GoodSense Allergy Relief Loratadine Tablets, 10 mg temporarily relieves symptoms...
# 1
Imedeen Time Perfection (60 Count) Anti-Aging Skincare Formula Beauty Supplement
  • Skin refining dietary supplement formula for reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles;...
  • Improves skin quality and moisture balance and makes skin on face and body feel softer, smoother and...
  • LycoPhence GS provides tomato and grape seed extracts which both contribute to the protection...
  • 西替利嗪(cetirizine):如 Zyrtec(B类)
# 1
GoodSense All Day Allergy, Cetirizine HCl Tablets 10 mg, Antihistamine for Allergy Relief, 365 Count
18,501 个好评
GoodSense All Day Allergy, Cetirizine HCl Tablets 10 mg, Antihistamine for Allergy Relief, 365 Count
  • ALLERGY MEDICINE: GoodSense All Day Allergy temporarily relieves symptoms due to hay fever or other...
  • 24 HOUR SYMPTOM RELIEF: One dose of All Day Allergy Cetirizine Hydrochloride 10 mg provides all-day...
  • ORIGINAL PRESCRIPTION STRENGTH: GoodSense All Day Allergy Cetirizine Hydrochloride 10 mg, is an...

严重过敏,医生可能会建议服用低剂量的 OTC 皮质类固醇喷雾剂和口服抗组胺药:

  • 布地奈德(budesonide):如 Rhinocort(C类)
有折扣# 1
Rhinocort Allergy Nasal Spray with Budesonide Allergy Medicine, Non-Drowsy 24 Hour Relief, Prescription Strength Indoor and Outdoor Allergy Relief, Scent-Free and Alcohol-Free, 120 Sprays
1,731 个好评
Rhinocort Allergy Nasal Spray with Budesonide Allergy Medicine, Non-Drowsy 24 Hour Relief, Prescription Strength Indoor and Outdoor Allergy Relief, Scent-Free and Alcohol-Free, 120 Sprays
  • 120-spray bottle of Rhinocort Nasal Allergy Relief Spray for all day relief from allergy symptoms
  • Provides prescription-strength relief from indoor and outdoor nasal allergy symptoms
  • Relieves nasal congestion, sneezing, runny nose, and itchy nose for 24 hours
  • 氟替卡松(fluticasone):如 Flonase(C类)
有折扣# 1
Flonase Allergy Relief Nasal Spray, 24 Hour Non Drowsy Allergy Medicine, Metered Nasal Spray - 144 Sprays (Pack of 2)
4,841 个好评
Flonase Allergy Relief Nasal Spray, 24 Hour Non Drowsy Allergy Medicine, Metered Nasal Spray - 144 Sprays (Pack of 2)
  • Two 144-spray bottles of Flonase Allergy Relief Nasal Spray, 24 Hour Non Drowsy Allergy Medicine,...
  • The most prescribed allergy medicine, Flonase provides nasal congestion relief and alleviates runny...
  • The most doctor recommended brand in allergy relief, Flonase creates an allergy shield at the source...
  • 莫米松(mometasone):如 Nasonex(C类)

缓解过敏的生活调理方法:

  • 避免在花粉散播的时节到户外去或打开窗户。
  • 外出时戴口罩。
  • 回家后,就换下在户外穿的衣服,淋浴清洗皮肤和头发,减少花粉在身上停留的时间;用盐水喷雾冲洗鼻腔。

延伸阅读:

孕妇便秘

孕期服用粪便软化剂通常认为安全。泻药也可缓解便秘,请先咨询医生。

缓解便秘的生活调理方法:

  • 多喝水。西梅汁对缓解便秘比较有帮助。
  • 多运动,能够促进肠胃蠕动。
  • 多吃富含纤维的食物,如水果、蔬菜、豆类和全谷物等。
  • 膳食纤维保健品,如 Metamucil。服用保健品前也要先咨询医生。
# 1
NOW Supplements, Psyllium Husk Caps 500 mg, Non-GMO Project Verified, Natural Soluble Fiber, Intestinal Health*, 500 Veg Capsules
  • INTESTINAL HEALTH/HELPS MAINTAIN REGULARITY: Psyllium has the ability to swell up to 50 times its...
  • NATURAL SOLUBLE FIBER: Surveys have shown that the fiber content of the American diet is typically...
  • CERTIFICATIONS/CLASSIFICATIONS: Non-GMO Project Verified, Kosher, Vegan/Vegetarian, Soy Free, Made...
# 2
Benefiber Daily Prebiotic Fiber Supplement, Chewable Tablet for Digestive Health, Assorted Fruit, Sugar Free, 100 Count
  • Benefiber Original Assorted Fruit fiber chewables. 100% natural prebiotic fiber ingredient
  • Comes in a 100 ct size with orange, lemon, and strawberry/raspberry flavors.
  • For under 6 years or if you are pregnant, ask a health professional before use.

孕期恶心和呕吐

在孕期的前3个月,孕吐是很常见的,通常也不需要治疗,可以通过少食多餐或喝些姜汁汽水来缓解。如果孕吐过于严重,也可以尝试服用以下药物来缓解:

  • 维生素 B6:口服25毫克/每次,一日三次
  • 琥珀酸杜克西拉明(doxylamine succinate):如 Unisom(B类)
# 1
Amazon Basic Care Sleep Aid Tablets, Doxylamine Succinate Tablets, 25 mg, Nighttime Sleep Aid to Help You Fall Asleep, 96 Count
10,290 个好评
Amazon Basic Care Sleep Aid Tablets, Doxylamine Succinate Tablets, 25 mg, Nighttime Sleep Aid to Help You Fall Asleep, 96 Count
  • THE ACTIVE INGREDIENT in Amazon Basic Care Sleep Aid Tablets is doxylamine succinate 25 mg, a...
  • FOCUS ON SLEEP: With a single one-tablet dose, Amazon Basic Care Sleep Aid Tablets with doxylamine...
  • TESTED & EFFECTIVE: Clinically tested and proven effective, doxylamine succinate 25 mg sleep aid...
# 2
Unisom SleepTabs, 80 Count, Non-Habit Forming Sleep Aid, Great for Difficulty Falling Asleep Due to Anxiety or Stress, Fall Asleep Faster and Wake Up Feeling Refreshed
1,888 个好评
Unisom SleepTabs, 80 Count, Non-Habit Forming Sleep Aid, Great for Difficulty Falling Asleep Due to Anxiety or Stress, Fall Asleep Faster and Wake Up Feeling Refreshed
  • GET THE RESTFULL SLEEP YOU NEED: Unisom SleepGels are easy to swallow soft gels, without the chalky...
  • FALL ASLEEP FASTER: Is anxiety, stress, or being overly tired keeping you tossing and turning at...
  • UNISOM SLEEP AID: Being well rested and getting enough sleep is essential to good health. Unisom's...
  • 茶苯海明(dimenhydrinate,也称乘晕宁):如 Dramamine(B类)
# 1
Driminate Generic for Dramamine Motion Sickness 50 mg Anti Nausea 100 count
1,150 个好评
Driminate Generic for Dramamine Motion Sickness 50 mg Anti Nausea 100 count
  • The package dimension of the product is 3.8cmL x 3.8cmW x 8.2cmH
  • The package weight of the product is 2.4 ounces
  • Country of origin is United States
有折扣# 2
Dramamine Chewable Formula Motion Sickness Relief | Orange | 8 Count
  • Powerful, fast relief from motion sickness when you need it most
  • Treats and prevents nausea, dizziness and vomiting
  • Great tasting orange flavored chewable tablets

孕吐药 Diclegis 缓释片是抗孕吐的 A 类药物,但需要医生处方才能购买。

孕期痔疮

由于血管或便秘肿胀,孕期女性可能患上痔疮。安全缓解和治疗痔疮的办法有:

  • 坐在温水中浸泡,但注意不要用肥皂或沐浴液。
  • 尽可能站立,避免久坐。需要坐的时候,坐在环形垫上面。
  • 躺下时采用侧卧的姿势。
  • 金缕梅药物垫有冷却效果,可以减少肿胀。
有折扣# 1
THAYERS Medicated Aloe Vera Topical Pain Relief Pads, Witch Hazel, 60 Count (7002)
1,680 个好评
THAYERS Medicated Aloe Vera Topical Pain Relief Pads, Witch Hazel, 60 Count (7002)
  • Natural Botanical Skin Irritation Relief: camphor, eucalyptol, witch hazel extract, and filet of...
  • Witch Hazel: proprietary extract contains 195% more tannins than competitors, tightens pores,...
  • Beneficial Tannins: mild antioxidant properties, reduces irritation, balances skin pH, clears skin
  • 可以服用大便软化剂。参见《美国常见便秘泻药和软便剂》。
  • 多喝水、多运动,多吃富含纤维的食物,或 fiber supplement 膳食纤维保健品。
# 1
NOW Supplements, Psyllium Husk Caps 500 mg, Non-GMO Project Verified, Natural Soluble Fiber, Intestinal Health*, 500 Veg Capsules
  • INTESTINAL HEALTH/HELPS MAINTAIN REGULARITY: Psyllium has the ability to swell up to 50 times its...
  • NATURAL SOLUBLE FIBER: Surveys have shown that the fiber content of the American diet is typically...
  • CERTIFICATIONS/CLASSIFICATIONS: Non-GMO Project Verified, Kosher, Vegan/Vegetarian, Soy Free, Made...

延伸阅读:《美国常见非处方痔疮药》。

孕妇酵母菌感染

酵母菌感染(yeast infections)是真菌感染的一种。通常由于病人免疫力降低,导致体内菌群失衡而引起的,症状有瘙痒、灼痛及分泌物增多等。酵母菌感染在怀孕期间比较常见。

以下治疗酵母菌感染的药物在孕期使用被认为是安全的:

  • 咪康唑(miconazole):如 Monistat(C类)
# 1
Monistat 7-Day Yeast Infection Treatment | Cream + External Itch Relief Cream
4,882 个好评
Monistat 7-Day Yeast Infection Treatment | Cream + External Itch Relief Cream
  • Vaginal yeast infection treatment: 7 empty disposable applicators, 1 tube of antifungal cream (100...
  • Pregnant women and diabetics: The CDC recommends only a 7 day topical yeast infection treatment...
  • Number 1 Doctor and Gynecologist Recommended brand that is a clinically proven vaginal antifungal...
  • 克霉唑(clotrimazole ):如 Lotrimin(C类)
有折扣# 1
Lotrimin Ultra Antifungal Jock Itch Cream, Prescription Strength Butenafine Hydrochloride 1% Treatment, Clinically Proven to Cure Most Jock Itch, Cream, 0.42 Ounce,Pack of 1
  • Provides soothing itchy skin relief: Treat the discomfort of itchy skin on the groin and inner...
  • Proven to cure most jock itch: Clinically proven to cure most jock itch infections, Lotrimin Ultra...
  • Formula: Lotrimin ultra contains butenafine hydrochloride to help kill the fungus that cause jock...
  • 布康唑(butoconazole):如 Femstat(C类)

怀孕期间,医生通常不建议用家庭疗法和自然疗法治疗酵母菌感染,但用药前请先咨询医生。

孕妇皮疹和皮肤外伤

OTC 氢化可的松乳膏(hydrocortisone cream,如 Cortizone-10)可以治疗皮疹和皮肤瘙痒。在怀孕期间如要使用,请向医生讲述症状,排除其他疾病。

有折扣# 1
Kirkland Signature Maximum Strength Hydrocortisone Cream 1% with Aloe, 2-ounce (pack of 4)
1,371 个好评
Kirkland Signature Maximum Strength Hydrocortisone Cream 1% with Aloe, 2-ounce (pack of 4)
  • Anti-itch cream with aloe
  • Soothes itching and rashes
  • Eases eczema irritation

割伤或擦伤等皮肤外伤,可以先用肥皂和水清洁外伤部分,然后用 OTC 抗生素软膏(antibiotic ointment,如 Neosporin)涂抹皮肤表面。

有折扣# 1
Neosporin Original First Aid Antibiotic Ointment with Bacitracin Zinc For Infection Protection, Wound Care Treatment & Scar Appearance Minimizer for Minor Cuts, Scrapes and Burns, 1 oz
4,602 个好评
Neosporin Original First Aid Antibiotic Ointment with Bacitracin Zinc For Infection Protection, Wound Care Treatment & Scar Appearance Minimizer for Minor Cuts, Scrapes and Burns, 1 oz
  • 1-ounce of Neosporin Original Topical Antibiotic Ointment by the #1 doctor recommended brand for...
  • Wound care ointment is formulated with neomycin sulfate, bacitracin zinc and polymyxin B antibiotic...
  • Topical first-aid ointment nourishes skin to minimize the appearance of scars after healing

孕妇失眠

孕期中,对抗失眠症的苯海拉明(diphenhydramine,B类)家族药物通常被认为是安全的,如 Sominex 和 Nytol 等。此外,上面提到的缓解孕吐的药物 Unisom 其实也是一种改善睡眠用药。

有折扣# 1
Rite Aid Sleep Aid Caplets, Diphenhydramine HCl, 25mg - 200 Count | Sleeping Pills for Adults | Sleep Aids for Adults | Sleep Aid Diphenhydramine | Natural Sleep Aids for Adults Extra Strength
334 个好评
Rite Aid Sleep Aid Caplets, Diphenhydramine HCl, 25mg - 200 Count | Sleeping Pills for Adults | Sleep Aids for Adults | Sleep Aid Diphenhydramine | Natural Sleep Aids for Adults Extra Strength
  • RELIEVES OCCASIONAL SLEEPLESSNESS: Rite Aid Sleep Aid Diphenhydramine HCI 25 mg nighttime sleep aid...
  • NON-HABIT FORMING: Rite Aid's sleep aid with Diphenhydramine HCI is non-habit forming, so you can...
  • REDUCES TIME TO FALL ASLEEP: This sleep aid diphenhydramine helps people who have a hard time...
# 2
Unisom SleepGels, Nighttime Sleep-aid, Diphenhydramine HCI, 100 SoftGels
2,569 个好评
Unisom SleepGels, Nighttime Sleep-aid, Diphenhydramine HCI, 100 SoftGels
  • INCLUDES: One (1) bottle with 100 SoftGels of Unisom SleepGels Nighttime Sleep-aid; one SoftGel per...
  • A STRESSFUL DAY DESERVES A RESTFUL NIGHT: Unisom helps you fall asleep fast and get a good night's...
  • NON-HABIT FORMING: Liquid-filled SoftGels are safe if used as directed, non-habit forming and help...
# 1
Unisom SleepGels, Nighttime Sleep-aid, Diphenhydramine HCI, 100 SoftGels
2,569 个好评
Unisom SleepGels, Nighttime Sleep-aid, Diphenhydramine HCI, 100 SoftGels
  • INCLUDES: One (1) bottle with 100 SoftGels of Unisom SleepGels Nighttime Sleep-aid; one SoftGel per...
  • A STRESSFUL DAY DESERVES A RESTFUL NIGHT: Unisom helps you fall asleep fast and get a good night's...
  • NON-HABIT FORMING: Liquid-filled SoftGels are safe if used as directed, non-habit forming and help...

针对孕期失眠的处方药有:

  • 镇静三环类抗抑郁药(sedating tricyclic antidepressants):如阿米替林(amitriptyline)和去甲替林(nortriptyline),两个是 C 类药物。
  • 苯二氮卓类药物(benzodiazepines):如 Ativan 和 Klonopin,两个都是 D 类药物,可能与新生儿唇裂或唇腭裂风险有关,在怀孕后期使用风险较低。

缓解失眠的生活调理办法:

  • 规律作息,固定就寝和起床时间。
  • 定期锻炼。
  • 白天小睡时间不要超过30分钟。
  • 不要喝含有咖啡因等易使人兴奋的饮料。
  • 睡前从事固定的活动,如洗澡、听音乐或做瑜伽等,让身体自然地进入准备入睡的状态。
  • 有些替代疗法,如冥想或针灸,也可能对缓解某些人睡眠障碍有帮助。

孕妇服用保健品注意事项

一定要咨询医生。

目前,备孕和怀孕女性都被建议服用产前维生素和叶酸,来补充身体必须的维生素和矿物质,但有些保健品还是有可能给胎儿带来风险,或者与你正在服用的其他药物产生药物冲突。尤其需要留意,不要轻信产品上的「纯天然」标记,因为这并不意味着该产品就是绝对安全的。

保健品和补充剂不像处方药一样受到 FDA 的监管,因此也需要谨慎对待。如果你计划开始定期服用某种保健品,在开始服用之前,请先向医生咨询。

孕妇服用处方药注意事项

如果您已经在服用一些处方药,比如用来治疗甲状腺问题和高血压等疾病的处方药,请在备孕的时候就像医生进行咨询。有些处方药即便在孕期中服用也被认为是安全的,另一些情况下,你可能需要调整剂量或更换药物,来保证你和胎儿的安全。

孕妇使用替代疗法注意事项

一般而言,替代疗法(alternative therapies)都还未得到充分的研究,所以在接受治疗前请先咨询医生。

像针灸、指压按摩等替代疗法可能对一些人有比较好的效果,但那些同时涉及到使用或服用草药(或草药补充剂)的方法就可能存在一定的风险。此外,在前往这些机构或治疗场所前,也要对从业者做好功课,确保他们有合规的执照,具备对孕妇进行治疗的必要知识和技能。

MotherToBaby 是畸胎信息专科医师组织(OTIS)的妊娠风险咨询服务机构,免费为母亲、卫生保健从业人员和公众提供在孕期和哺乳期期间用药因素和出生缺陷的关系和证据。它的官网还提供药物说明书查询,以及潜在药物作用和出生缺陷等信息。

扫一扫,分享到朋友圈

2020 黑五折扣汇总(持续更新)
2020 黑五折扣汇总(持续更新)
2020 黑五折扣汇总(持续更新)
我们会持续更新好 deals,欢迎收藏转发。 Fan Zhao 2020-11-27 10 评论 阅读全文
11月信用卡开卡奖励汇总
11月信用卡开卡奖励汇总
11月信用卡开卡奖励汇总
美国信用卡的开卡奖励通常是消费满一定数额就赠送现金 statement credit、或一笔高额点数,有的还会同时免首年年费或赠送其他福利。 Cassie Zeng 2020-11-24 8 评论 阅读全文
美国省钱快报〔11/29〕
美国省钱快报〔11/29〕
美国省钱快报〔11/29〕
精选北美合作商家发布的烧钱快报。 Derek Yang 2020-11-17 0 评论 阅读全文
增强免疫力、预防流感和肺炎,试试这个保健品
增强免疫力、预防流感和肺炎,试试这个保健品
增强免疫力、预防流感和肺炎,试试这个保健品
不是我说的,是美国国家卫生研究院说的。 Derek Yang 2020-07-21 3 评论 阅读全文
11月份银行开户奖励汇总
11月份银行开户奖励汇总
11月份银行开户奖励汇总
HSBC, Chase, BOA, Wells Fargo, Citi, PNC 等。美国银行的开户奖励非常实在哦! Cassie Zeng 2020-11-24 39 评论 阅读全文
美国比较好的威州花旗参及选购攻略
美国比较好的威州花旗参及选购攻略
美国比较好的威州花旗参及选购攻略
花旗参即美国人参,是北美地区的本土物种,英文俗名 American Ginseng,主要产地是美国的威斯康辛州和加拿大的安大略省,与中国的人参和韩国的高丽参不同。 Derek Yang 2020-02-05 19 评论 阅读全文
美国最好的4个购物和海淘返利网站
美国最好的4个购物和海淘返利网站
美国最好的4个购物和海淘返利网站
我从2013年开始用返利网站,截至2020年11月已经返了9万多美元。 Derek Yang 2020-11-23 215 评论 阅读全文
80后。35岁前,立志做一名好好学习,天天向上的好学生、好员工;35岁后,虽有车有房生活不算忙,但家有后浪小儿,所以丝毫不敢懈怠,还要继续刻苦学习,踏实做事。

发表评论

提示:点击验证后方可提交评论。

插入图片