生活常识

美国超市常见的大米种类及品牌

之前我们介绍过美国的电饭煲,今天介绍一下它的好基友大米!美国人传统的主食不是大米,但现在有美国人开始吃米饭,原因有二:

  1. 不少美国人对麸质(gluten)敏感/不耐受/过敏,而大米天然不含麸质。
  2. 按照 per serving 来算,大米比意大利面和面包便宜。

美国超市里就能买到大米,如果去华人超市或者有机食品店,大米的种类就更多了。下面主要介绍在普通超市能买到的米。

长粒米 Long Grain

长粒米总的来说不太吃水,煮出来的饭粒粒分明,比较有嚼劲,南方人可能会习惯这样的口感,丝苗米就属于长粒米,也叫籼米。有以下几种:

  • 超市里最便宜的、包装上没写米的品种、只写着 long grain 的米就属于此类。超市的这种便宜米就只是能煮饭而已,不香。
  • 泰国香米/茉莉香米 jasmine rice,和普通米相比,它明显香多了,但和我在国内买的香米还是不可同日而语啊。
  • 印度米 basmati rice,华人应该不习惯吃。印度米粒真的非常的长,煮出来每一粒都超过1cm。非常不吃水,也就是口感很硬。印度人的吃法是煮成姜黄饭 briyani rice,相信我,你不会天天想吃。
365 Everyday Value, Enriched Long Grain White Rice, 5 lb
23 个好评
365 Everyday Value, Enriched Long Grain White Rice, 5 lb
  • Brought to you by Whole Foods Market. Our standards are what set us apart, and our quality is what keeps us...
  • Simple, delicious and nutritious, no pantry should be without our Enriched Long Grain White Rice. Perfect for...
  • Enjoy it in a pilaf, as a bed for grilled meats, or with any stir fry or curry.
Mahatma Jasmine Rice, 2 lb.
  • Mahatma Jasmine Long Grain Thai Fragrant Rice
365 Everyday Value, Indian Basmati White Rice, 32 oz
24 个好评
365 Everyday Value, Indian Basmati White Rice, 32 oz
  • Brought to you by Whole Foods Market. Our standards are what set us apart, and our quality is what keeps us...
  • Our Indian Basmati White Rice is grown and harvested only in India, where it has been a dietary staple for...
  • As always, it's the perfect bed for curries and masala recipes, or try seasoning it with turmeric, coriander...

中长米 Medium Grain

中长米在美国很常见,超市都买的到,粘性比长粒米大,煮出来的饭较软。因为多产自加州,非进口,所以价格适中。这种米也是最能体现电饭煲技术的,普通电饭煲煮出来会偏硬一些,用微电脑或 IH 电饭煲煮就好吃多了(美国电饭煲选购参见这篇文章)。市场上有以下几种,口感差别不大,我通常是看哪种在打折就买哪种:

  • 国宝米 Kokuho Rose,它有红色和黄色包装两种,我多买红色包装。
  • 锦米 Nishiki,我觉得米粒比国宝米稍微长一点,但比长粒米又短一些粘一些。
  • 富贵花 Calrose rice,包装上一朵大红花,Walmart 就有。我目测富贵花米粒是三种中长米中最圆的,已经很接近短粒米了。
Kokuho Rose Rice, 15-Pound
159 个好评
Kokuho Rose Rice, 15-Pound
  • 1-15 pound bags
  • 100 percent California grown medium grain milled rice
  • Medium grain
有折扣
Nishiki Premium Rice, Medium Grain, 240 Oz, Pack of 1
1,122 个好评
Nishiki Premium Rice, Medium Grain, 240 Oz, Pack of 1
  • 15 Pound Package
  • California medium grain rice
  • A great choice for everyday consumption
Botan Musenmai Calrose Rice, 5 Pound
3 个好评
Botan Musenmai Calrose Rice, 5 Pound
  • Us #1 extra fancy calrose rice
  • Kosher certified
  • Great for sushi

短粒米 Short Grian

又叫寿司米,东北米就属于此类。米粒圆圆的,粘性很大(当然不够糯米粘性大),吃饭的时候可以用筷子夹起一坨来,价格也最贵,反正我自从来到美国就没敢买了,吃不起啊吃不起。如果你想做寿司,不一定非得买寿司米,只要是包装写着 short grain rice,就可以拿来做寿司了。西班牙炖饭 risito 用的也是 short grain rice,美国超市里就有,叫 Arborio Rice,但我没有试过把西班牙短粒米直接煮成饭,感兴趣的童鞋可以试试看。

有折扣
Tamanishiki Super Premium Short Grain Rice, 15-Pound
219 个好评
Tamanishiki Super Premium Short Grain Rice, 15-Pound
  • 15 Pound Package
  • California short grain rice
  • Widely used by prestigious Japanese Restaurants
Molinella Italian Arborio Rice, 1-Pound Boxes (Pack of 6)
93 个好评
Molinella Italian Arborio Rice, 1-Pound Boxes (Pack of 6)
  • Specially for Italian risotto
  • High quality rice
  • Product of Italy
Nozomi Super Premium Short Grain Rice, 15-Pound
48 个好评
Nozomi Super Premium Short Grain Rice, 15-Pound
  • 15 Pound Package
  • California short grain rice
  • Widely used by prestigious Japanese Restaurants

糙米 Brown Rice

美国市面上的 brown rice 多是 long grain 的,价格便宜。我觉得美国糙米比亚洲的糙米更粗糙更难煮熟,其中还有很多杂质,我每次都要洗好多遍。当然为了营养,我还是会买。我认为一份糙米混合四份白米,煮出来的口感尚能接受。

365 Everyday Value, Long Grain Brown Rice, 5 lb
9 个好评
365 Everyday Value, Long Grain Brown Rice, 5 lb
  • Brought to you by Whole Foods Market. Our standards are what set us apart, and our quality is what keeps us...
  • Long grain rice is one of the most versatile grains in the world. Enjoy it in a pilaf, as a bed for barbecued...
  • In addition to all that, our Long Grain Brown Rice is one of the tastiest ways to get your intake of whole...
有折扣
Nishiki Premium Brown Rice, 15-Pounds Bag
416 个好评
Nishiki Premium Brown Rice, 15-Pounds Bag
  • 15 Pound Package
  • California medium grain rice
  • A great choice for everyday consumption

糯米 Glutinous Rice/Sweet Rice

糯米虽然叫 glutinous rice,但它并不含 gluten,麸质敏感的人可以放心吃!我在 Walmart 买到过泰国产的糯米。除了常见的白色糯米,还有黄色、黑色的糯米。黑色的糯米也叫紫米,煮成甜粥,淋点椰浆,是东南亚的一道甜品,我一想到就流口水呀!

(10 Lbs) Thai Sticky Rice (Sweet Rice)
83 个好评
(10 Lbs) Thai Sticky Rice (Sweet Rice)
  • Value Size 10LB Three Rings Sweet Rice
  • Rich in protein and contains gluten
  • Originated from thailand
ROM AMERICA (4 Pound) Brown Sweet Rice Sticky Rice Glutinous Rice 현미찹쌀
8 个好评
ROM AMERICA (4 Pound) Brown Sweet Rice Sticky Rice Glutinous Rice 현미찹쌀
  • Brown Sweet Rice
  • Product of USA
  • Rich in protein and contains gluten
ROM AMERICA [ 2 Pound ] Black Sweet Rice Sticky Rice Glutinous Rice 야생찹쌀
3 个好评

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2 条评论

  1. 请问哪种米适合做炒饭?我试过long grain和medium grain,感觉做出来的炒饭都不太对,跟国内的不一样,不知道哪里不对

  2. 个人觉得nishiki的糙米还是挺不错的

    现在是nishiki的糙米+黄国宝,1:1,用aroma的压力电饭锅,brown rice档,口感已经相当不错了,而且有糙米的香味。

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